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Creating an Effective and Safe Learning Environment. Creating an Effective and Safe Learning Environment. Revisiting instructional principles Rules, routines and discipline Feeling safe. Revisiting Instructional Principles. Appropriate and interesting activities

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Creating an Effective and Safe Learning Environment

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Creating an Effective and Safe Learning Environment


Creating an Effective and Safe Learning Environment

  • Revisiting instructional principles

  • Rules, routines and discipline

  • Feeling safe


Revisiting Instructional Principles

  • Appropriate and interesting activities

  • Sequencing of activities/ Short transition between activities

  • Organisation of equipment and groups

  • Use of voice and whistle

  • Demonstration and explanation of activities

  • Useful feedback – positive reinforcement and encouragement

  • Enthusiasm / confidence

  • Positioning / movement around the group


Appropriate and Interesting Activities

  • Level – age, skill, developmental

  • Outcome

  • Environment

  • Group number

  • Variety


Sequencing of activities

  • Planning

  • Short transition between activities

  • Progressive

  • Flow


Organisation of Equipment and Groups

  • Planning

  • Pre check equipment

    • Safety

    • All there

  • Positioning of equipment

    • Safety

    • Keep eyes on group


Organisation of Equipment and Groups cont.

  • Group formation strategies

    • # off

    • Cuddles

    • Football teams etc

    • Use previous activity to choose even teams

    • Ability – buddy

  • Never, never, never let captains choose teams


Organisation of equipment and groups cont.

  • Safety

    • Plan for a safe working

      environment

    • Distance between groups

      • Supervision

      • No interference

    • Direction of play

    • Dangerous activities

      • Throwing, batting, archery


Use of voice and whistle

  • Whistle

    • Safety

    • Stop not start

    • Loud honk

  • Voice

    • Vary

    • Protect


Demonstration of activities

  • A picture paints a thousand words

  • Correct technique – YOU practice

  • Use student or “dry run”

  • Check with student first

  • Ensure all can see

  • Support with TP


Explanations of Activities

  • Wait for attention

  • Clear and concise

  • Limit to 5 points

  • Concentrate on

    most important

  • Add others later


Feedback – Positive reinforcement or encouragement?

  • Positive reinforcement

    – specific teachable moment

  • Encouragement

    – general comment to improve self esteem and effort


Positive reinforcement

  • Focuses on the learning outcome

  • Set a task and tell students you are coming to look at one thing

  • Must be accurate and consistent

  • Formative – enhances learning


Positive Reinforcement cont.

  • If advice is given, stay

    with the student

  • Get students to provide

    feedback for each other

    • Criteria sheets


Encouragement

  • Does little to reinforce learning

  • Develops enthusiasm and self esteem

  • What we do well

  • Keeps our presence known

  • Keeps students on track


Negative Feedback

  • Giving attention on what is not to be done = confusion

  • No put downs or sarcasm - negative effect for most


Enthusiasm and Confidence

  • Grows with experience

  • Planning helps

  • Know yourself and your style

  • Teach on the stage

  • Students are perceptive

  • Low on enthusiasm – Why?


Positioning and Movement Around the Group

  • You can see all, and

    all can see you

  • Varies

    • Whole group instructions

    • Small group activity

    • Whole group game

  • Supervising non-

    participants

  • MOVE!


Feeling Safe

  • Learning requires taking risks

  • A learning environment needs to be safe to ensure effective and optimal learning occurs

  • Physical

  • Emotional

  • Social


Emotional Safety

  • Self efficacy

  • Environment free

    of putdowns

  • Based on mutual

    respect and trust


Social Safety

  • Inclusion not exclusion

  • Don’t single out or exhibit students

  • Opportunity to mix social groups

  • Look out for the isolate

  • Strategies for inclusion?


Rules, Routines and Discipline

  • Often go hand in hand

  • For safety and efficiency

  • Need to reflect PE department, school, State and society


Rules

  • Often called policies

  • List all the areas where rules are needed in a PE class situation


Rules cont.

  • Changing

  • Participation

  • Equipment use

  • Access to store rooms

  • Excursions

  • Treating others with respect

  • Selection in sports teams

  • Games


Routines

  • Procedures to ensure the safe and efficient running of the class

  • List all the areas where routines are needed to ensure the smooth running of PE class.


Routines cont.

  • Students lining up

  • Entering the gym

  • Changing / supervision?

  • Marking the roll

  • Carrying equipment


Routines cont.

  • Moving around the school

  • Going on excursions

  • Distribution of equipment

  • Drink breaks / supervision?

  • Student helpers - jobs


Disciplining Students

  • Know what is, and isn’t acceptable

    • To you

    • To the school

    • To the school community

  • Consistent

  • Flexible

  • Proactive not reactive

  • Relevant consequence


Discipline Plan

  • Progressions

  • Consequences

  • Rewards


Discipline Plan cont.

  • Write your own discipline plan

  • Compare it to the discipline plan in your school during Schools Experience

  • If possible, implement your discipline plan, reflect and review


“Today is the first day of the rest of your life” (Kahal Gibran)So better make it a good one!


References

  • Capel, S. Learning to Teach Physical Education in the Secondary School: A Companion to School Experience. (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.

  • Harrison,J., Blakemore, C. and Buck, M. (2001). Instructional Strategies for Secondary School Physical Education. (5th ed.) NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.


Reading

Chapter 27 Considerations in management and class control in PE settings

Tinning, R., McGuaig, L., and Hunter, Ll. Teaching Health and Physical Education in Australian Schools. NSW, Australia: Pearson Education Australia, 2006.


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