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Community Planning. Land Use Education Project Charlotte P. Burckhardt, AICP, PCP Principal Planner. Presentation Outline. Why communities plan How communities create a Plan Process Considerations How communities implement their Plan Zoning Site Plan Review.

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Community planning

Community Planning

Land Use Education Project

Charlotte P. Burckhardt, AICP, PCP

Principal Planner


Presentation outline

Presentation Outline

  • Why communities plan

  • How communities create a Plan

    • Process

    • Considerations

  • How communities implement their Plan

    • Zoning

    • Site Plan Review

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Key ideas students would take away from this curriculum

Key ideas students would take away from this curriculum

  • Land Use issues affect our daily lives

  • Communities plan for their future

  • You have an opportunity to participate

  • Think like a planner

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Presentation outline1

Presentation Outline

  • Why communities plan

  • How communities create a Plan

    • Process

    • Considerations

  • How communities implement their Plan

    • Zoning

    • Site Plan Review

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Communities plan for their future

Communities plan for their future

  • Similar to students planning for their futures

    • What are they good at now?

    • What would they like to do in the future?

    • What steps do they need to take to get there?

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Communities come in all shapes and sizes

Communities come in all shapes and sizes

  • In what kind of community would they like to live in the future?

    • Urban

    • Suburban

    • Rural

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Urban

Urban

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Urban1

Urban

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Suburban

Suburban

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Suburban1

Suburban

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Rural

Rural

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Rural1

Rural

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Why do communities plan

Why do communities plan?

  • To prepare for change--puts the community in the driver’s seat

Future

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


I 75 and i 696 in 1963

I-75 and I-696 in 1963

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


I 75 and i 696 in 2002

I-75 and I-696 in 2002

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Why do communities plan1

Why do communities plan?

  • To balance individual property rights against the greater good

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Why do communities plan2

Why do communities plan?

  • To create a sustainable community that people want to live in now and in the future

    • environmental

    • fiscal (tax base)

    • societal (someplace people care about)

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Why do communities plan3

Why do communities plan?

  • To develop policies for growth and communicate those policies in a document

  • A community master plan is the document that identifies those policies and shows what the community would look like in the future (future land use map)

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Waterford future land use map

Waterford Future Land Use Map

Why communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Presentation outline2

Presentation Outline

  • Why communities have a Master Plan

  • How communities create a Master Plan

    • Process

    • Considerations

  • How communities implement their Master Plan

    • Zoning

    • Site Plan Review

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Type of local government

Type of local government

  • Home Rule

    • The most local unit of government is responsible for the planning and zoning

  • Cities, villages, and townships

    • Oakland County has 61 local governments

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Map of oakland county

Map of Oakland County

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Who creates the plan

Who creates the Plan?

  • Planning Commission is composed of citizens (5, 7, or 9) who represent everyone in the community.

  • Residents and business-owners are also asked for their input

  • One to two year process

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Planning process identifies

Planning process identifies:

  • Where the community is now

  • Where the community has been

  • Where the community wants to be in the future

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Master plan process

Master Plan Process

  • Collect information about the community

  • Analyze the data

  • Get public input

  • Review options

  • Select a preferred future

  • Prepare an implementation strategy

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Types of information collected

Types of Information Collected

  • Population

  • Land Use

  • Infrastructure

  • Economic

  • Natural Features

  • Other community-specific issues

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Population data

Population Data

  • Current Population (Census data)

    • Age groupings

    • Income levels

  • Growth rates from previous data

  • Population projections

    • The population you are planning for.

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Waterford 1990 and 2000 census

Waterford – 1990 and 2000 Census

  • Population in 1990 was 66,692

  • Population in 2000 was 73,150

  • 9.7 % increase (6,458 people)

  • There were 1,568 12 and 13 year-olds in 1990

  • There were 1,718 12 and 13 year-olds in 2000

  • Increase of 150

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Waterford age comparison

Waterford Age Comparison

2000

1990

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Waterford 2000 and 2030 population by age

Waterford 2000 and 2030 Population by age

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Land use data

Land Use Data

  • Existing land use statistics

    • How much land is used for residential, commercial, parks, or industrial?

    • How much land could still be developed?

    • What opportunities exist for development?

  • Historic land use

    • Look at past statistics to see changes in different categories.

  • Development potential

    • Vacant, underutilized, or redevelopment areas

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Waterford land use map

Waterford Land Use Map

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Infrastructure data

Infrastructure Data

  • Circulation and access

    • Hand out street maps

  • Water and sewer

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Economic data

Economic Data

  • Where do people work--in or out of the community

  • Types of jobs available in the community

    • industrial/manufacturing

    • office

    • commercial/retail

    • commercial/service

  • Employment rate

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Natural features

Natural Features

  • Larry will cover the environmental and recreational topics

  • He will illustrate a process to plan with the environment

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Community specific issues

Community-Specific Issues

  • Lack of

    • Recreational land or open space

    • Housing for specific needs

    • Town-center

  • Community character

    • Housing

    • Commercial corridors

    • Image of public facilities

    • Traffic congestion

    • Lack of sidewalks

  • Growth rate – too fast

  • Loss of population and need for redevelopment

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Planning commission asks for public input

Planning Commission asks for Public Input

  • Public Meetings

    • “Prouds and Sorries”

    • Dot Voting

  • Surveys

  • Visioning Sessions (brainstorming)

  • Key Person Interviews

  • Public Hearing

How communities plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Presentation outline3

Presentation Outline

  • Why communities have a Master Plan

  • How communities create a Master Plan

    • Process

    • Considerations

  • How communities implement their Master Plan

    • Zoning

    • Site Plan Review

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Methods of implementing

Methods of Implementing

  • Zoning

    • The legal requirements that govern what you can do with your property

  • Site Plan Review

    • The process to see how the building will be sited on the property

Implementing the plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Zoning

Zoning

  • Parcel specific

  • Regulates

    • use

    • setback-front, rear, and side

    • coverage of the lot

    • parking

    • signage

    • landscaping

Implementing the plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Community planning

COMPARING A MASTER PLAN TO A ZONING ORDINANCE

Zoning

Master Plan

The master plan is a guide.

The master plan is adopted by the planning commission (elected body may adopt too if desired).

The master plan shows how land is to be used in the future.

The zoning ordinance is law.

The zoning ordinance is adopted by the elected body.

The zoning ordinance shows how land is regulated today.


Site plan review

Site Plan Review

  • Makes sure the zoning requirements for that particular use are met on that lot

Implementing the plan

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Suggestions for teachers

Suggestions for Teachers

  • Obtain copy of local master plan

  • Create a newspaper clipping file

  • Have students identify where they live in their community

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services


Community planning1

Community Planning

Land Use Education Project

Charlotte P. Burckhardt, AICP, PCP

Principal Planner


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