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Life Boot Camp. 5.10A #1 Compare the structures and functions of different species that help them live and survive such as hooves on prairie animals or webbed feed in aquatic animals.

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life boot camp

Life Boot Camp

5.10A#1

Compare the structures and functions of different species that help them live and survive such as hooves on prairie animals or webbed feed in aquatic animals

slide2

STAAR 2013 #22; RC 4; Readiness1. Which two traits best help a cactus conserve water in the dry conditions of a West Texas desert ecosystem?F. Large flowers and sweet fruitG. Sweet fruit and sharp spinesH. Sharp spines and waxy stemsJ. Waxy stems and large flowers

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STAAR 2013 #22; RC 4; Readiness1. Which two traits best help a cactus conserve water in the dry conditions of a West Texas desert ecosystem?F. Large flowers and sweet fruitG. Sweet fruit and sharp spinesH. Sharp spines and waxy stemsJ. Waxy stems and large flowers

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2002 TAKS Information Booklet, #132. Which group supplies food for other organisms?A Producers onlyB Consumers onlyC Both producers and consumersD Neither producers nor consumers

The chart shows some examples of producers and consumers.

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2002 TAKS Information Booklet, #132. Which group supplies food for other organisms?A Producers onlyB Consumers onlyC Both producers and consumersD Neither producers nor consumers

The chart shows some examples of producers and consumers.

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2002 TAKS Information Booklet, #143. Which group can live without water?A Producers onlyB Consumers onlyC Both producers and consumersD Neither producers nor consumers

The chart shows some examples of producers and consumers.

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2002 TAKS Information Booklet, #143. Which group can live without water?A Producers onlyB Consumers onlyC Both producers and consumersD Neither producers nor consumers

The chart shows some examples of producers and consumers.

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2002 TAKS Information Booklet, #154. Which group changes light energy into food energy?A Producers onlyB Consumers onlyC Both producers and consumersD Neither producers nor consumers

The chart shows some examples of producers and consumers.

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2002 TAKS Information Booklet, #154. Which group changes light energy into food energy?A Producers onlyB Consumers onlyC Both producers and consumersD Neither producers nor consumers

The chart shows some examples of producers and consumers.

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2002 TAKS Information Booklet, #165. Which group depends on other organisms as a food source?A Producers onlyB Consumers onlyC Both producers and consumersD Neither producers nor consumers

The chart shows some examples of producers and consumers.

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2002 TAKS Information Booklet, #165. Which group depends on other organisms as a food source?A Producers onlyB Consumers onlyC Both producers and consumersD Neither producers nor consumers

The chart shows some examples of producers and consumers.

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2003—#28 (59%)7. The African baobab tree has a huge trunk that can store as much as 100 kiloliters of water. This adaptation would be an advantage in a climate that is very —F coldG dryH windyJ sunny

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2003—#28 (59%)7. The African baobab tree has a huge trunk that can store as much as 100 kiloliters of water. This adaptation would be an advantage in a climate that is very —F coldG dryH windyJ sunny

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2003—#10 (96%)8. Which part of a jackrabbit most helps it escape predators?F Long legsG Thick furH Short tailJ Small head
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2003—#10 (96%)8. Which part of a jackrabbit most helps it escape predators?F Long legsG Thick furH Short tailJ Small head
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2004—#11 (77%)9. Texas has more than 5,000 kilometers of shoreline along the Gulf of Mexico. Many families are able to visit the coast to have fun or just to relax. Many people have jobs and homes on or near the coast.As seagulls fly over the water, they sometimes dive into the water to catch prey. Which of these senses is useful to seagulls that feed in this manner?A SightB SmellC HearingD Touch

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2004—#11 (77%)9. Texas has more than 5,000 kilometers of shoreline along the Gulf of Mexico. Many families are able to visit the coast to have fun or just to relax. Many people have jobs and homes on or near the coast.As seagulls fly over the water, they sometimes dive into the water to catch prey. Which of these senses is useful to seagulls that feed in this manner?A SightB SmellC HearingD Touch

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2004—#26 (77%)10. Brightly colored flowers are most often pollinated by —F windG mammalsH rainfallJ insects
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2004—#26 (77%)10. Brightly colored flowers are most often pollinated by —F windG mammalsH rainfallJ insects
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2006—#16 (53%)11. The African clawed frog has many adaptations that help it survive. Which of these adaptations helps it survive changes in its environment?F The ability to see colorG The ability to detect wavesH The ability to burrowJThe ability to eat

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2006—#16 (53%)11. The African clawed frog has many adaptations that help it survive. Which of these adaptations helps it survive changes in its environment?F The ability to see colorG The ability to detect wavesH The ability to burrowJThe ability to eat

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2006—#39 (90%)12. All of the characteristics listed above are useful for gathering food EXCEPT —A 1B 2C 3D 4
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2006—#39 (90%)12. All of the characteristics listed above are useful for gathering food EXCEPT —A 1B 2C 3D 4
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2008 Release Items, Objective 2, #113. Horses are herbivores. Their teeth crush and grind plants. Which picture best represents the lower teeth of a horse?

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2008 Release Items, Objective 2, #113. Horses are herbivores. Their teeth crush and grind plants. Which picture best represents the lower teeth of a horse?

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2009—#33 (88%)14. Which of the following animal features most helps the animal move around in its habitat?A A bird’s sharp beakB A cow’s tailC A sea turtle’s flippersD A black bear’s fur

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2009—#33 (88%)14. Which of the following animal features most helps the animal move around in its habitat?A A bird’s sharp beakB A cow’s tailC A sea turtle’s flippersD A black bear’s fur

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15. Plants produce their own food. In which part of the plant is most of its food produced?A LeafB FruitC StemD Root
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15. Plants produce their own food. In which part of the plant is most of its food produced?A LeafB FruitC StemD Root
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16. Which of the following best explains how stems transport water to other parts of the plant? A Through a chemical called chlorophyll B By using photosynthesis C Through a system of tubes D By converting water to food

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16. Which of the following best explains how stems transport water to other parts of the plant? A Through a chemical called chlorophyll B By using photosynthesis C Through a system of tubes D By converting water to food

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17. The two structures most plants use to gather nutrients and energy to live are—ARoots and leavesB Roots and flowersC Stems and rootsD Stems and leaves

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17. The two structures most plants use to gather nutrients and energy to live are—ARoots and leavesB Roots and flowersC Stems and rootsD Stems and leaves

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The diagram below shows the seed of a maple tree.18. How is this seed MOST LIKELY dispersed (spread)?A It is carried by the wind.B It floats in moving water.C It passes through an animal’s digestive system.D It sticks to an animal’s fur.

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The diagram below shows the seed of a maple tree.18. How is this seed MOST LIKELY dispersed (spread)?A It is carried by the wind.B It floats in moving water.C It passes through an animal’s digestive system.D It sticks to an animal’s fur.

19 what do plants take in through their root systems f light g water h carbon dioxide j oxygen
19. What do plants take in through their root systems?F LightG WaterH Carbon dioxideJ Oxygen
19 what do plants take in through their root systems f light g water h carbon dioxide j oxygen1
19. What do plants take in through their root systems?F LightG WaterH Carbon dioxideJ Oxygen
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20. What is the main function of a plant’s roots?A To protect the plant from consumersB To absorb water and minerals from soilC To remove waste products from its stemD To take in food for the leaves of the plant

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20. What is the main function of a plant’s roots?A To protect the plant from consumersB To absorb water and minerals from soilC To remove waste products from its stemD To take in food for the leaves of the plant

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21. The different parts of green plants work together to produce their own food from materials in the environment. How do plant parts work together to produce the food necessary for growth and survival?A Leaves absorb sunlight and minerals from the air. Roots absorb water and use nutrients from the soil to make food.B Leaves absorb carbon dioxide from the air and use sunlight to make food. Roots absorb water and nutrients from the soil.C Leaves absorb oxygen and carbon dioxide from the air. Roots absorb water and use sunlight to make food.D Leaves use sunlight to convert oxygen and nutrients into food. Roots absorb water and nutrients from the soil.

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21. The different parts of green plants work together to produce their own food from materials in the environment. How do plant parts work together to produce the food necessary for growth and survival?A Leaves absorb sunlight and minerals from the air. Roots absorb water and use nutrients from the soil to make food.B Leaves absorb carbon dioxide from the air and use sunlight to make food. Roots absorb water and nutrients from the soil.C Leaves absorb oxygen and carbon dioxide from the air. Roots absorb water and use sunlight to make food.D Leaves use sunlight to convert oxygen and nutrients into food. Roots absorb water and nutrients from the soil.

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22. A girl found the skull of an animal. She did not know what the animal was, but she was sure that it preyed on other animals for its food. Which clue led to her conclusion?A The eye sockets faced sideways.B The skull was much longer than it was wide.C There was a projecting ridge on the front of the skull.D Four of the teeth were long and pointed.

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22. A girl found the skull of an animal. She did not know what the animal was, but she was sure that it preyed on other animals for its food. Which clue led to her conclusion?A The eye sockets faced sideways.B The skull was much longer than it was wide.C There was a projecting ridge on the front of the skull.D Four of the teeth were long and pointed.

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23. Why would fewer bees come to a plant if the petals of its flowers were removed?A There would not be any nectar in the flowers.B The bees would not be attracted to the flowers.C The bees would not have a spot to land while sipping nectar.D The bees would not be able to leave their scent on the flowers.

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23. Why would fewer bees come to a plant if the petals of its flowers were removed?A There would not be any nectar in the flowers.B The bees would not be attracted to the flowers.C The bees would not have a spot to land while sipping nectar.D The bees would not be able to leave their scent on the flowers.

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24. Peach trees have sweet-smelling blossoms and produce rich fruit. What is the main reason peach blossoms have a sweet smell?A To attract bees for pollinationsB To create flower arrangementsC To protect the tree from diseaseD To feed migratory birds

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24. Peach trees have sweet-smelling blossoms and produce rich fruit. What is the main reason peach blossoms have a sweet smell?A To attract bees for pollinationsB To create flower arrangementsC To protect the tree from diseaseD To feed migratory birds

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25. A niche is the role played by an organism in the natural world. Some animals like the red squirrel pictured above are spreaders. They gather and store seeds, acorns and berries. Which statement below best describes the niche of a red squirrel? AA red squirrel lives in trees in deciduous forests.B A squirrel’s body serves as a host to ticks and fleas.C A squirrel scatters seeds that can grow to new plants.D A red squirrel helps control the insect population.

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25. A niche is the role played by an organism in the natural world. Some animals like the red squirrel pictured above are spreaders. They gather and store seeds, acorns and berries. Which statement below best describes the niche of a red squirrel?AA red squirrel lives in trees in deciduous forests.B A squirrel’s body serves as a host to ticks and fleas.C A squirrel scatters seeds that can grow to new plants.D A red squirrel helps control the insect population.

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26. The Northern green tree frogs are common in many parts of the United States. The green color helps the frog stay alive because it helps the frog—Afind the type of food it needsB hide from its predatorsC look like other frogsD take in sunlight to make food

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26. The Northern green tree frogs are common in many parts of the United States. The green color helps the frog stay alive because it helps the frog—Afind the type of food it needsB hide from its predatorsC look like other frogsD take in sunlight to make food

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27. A chameleon’s ability to change its color to blend in with its surrounding is an adaptation called—AselectionB symmetryC evolutionD camouflage

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27. A chameleon’s ability to change its color to blend in with its surrounding is an adaptation called—AselectionB symmetryC evolutionD camouflage

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28. Insects that live on the leaves of green plants can best avoid being eaten by having which of the following adaptations?A Powerful jawsB Green colorationC Egg-laying abilityD External skeleton

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28. Insects that live on the leaves of green plants can best avoid being eaten by having which of the following adaptations?A Powerful jawsB Green colorationC Egg-laying abilityD External skeleton

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29. A common grass is pictured to the right. Which labeled parts of the grass absorb most of the minerals needed by this plant? A Flowers B Leaves C Stems D Roots

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29. A common grass is pictured to the right. Which labeled parts of the grass absorb most of the minerals needed by this plant? A Flowers B Leaves C Stems D Roots

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30. Adaptations occur so that living things can better survive in their environment. About how long does it take physical adaptations to occur?A Very quickly over the course of a yearB Rather quickly over a few years timeC Rather slowly over about fifty yearsD Very slowly, taking generations to occur

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30. Adaptations occur so that living things can better survive in their environment. About how long does it take physical adaptations to occur?A Very quickly over the course of a yearB Rather quickly over a few years timeC Rather slowly over about fifty yearsD Very slowly, taking generations to occur

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31. In a healthy ecosystem, many different species of animals may share the same habitat because they each have a different niche. An animal’s niche is best described as —A the role it plays in its habitatB where it is locatedC its appearanceD its ability to reproduce

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31. In a healthy ecosystem, many different species of animals may share the same habitat because they each have a different niche. An animal’s niche is best described as —A the role it plays in its habitatB where it is locatedC its appearanceD its ability to reproduce

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32. What is the main function of the leaves of a plant?A To catch water for the plantB To make food for the plantC To carry water through the plantD To keep the plant shaded from the sun

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32. What is the main function of the leaves of a plant?A To catch water for the plantB To make food for the plantC To carry water through the plantD To keep the plant shaded from the sun

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33. Study the picture of the hawk shown above. Which of the following body parts BEST helps the hawk to meet its basic needs?A Its sharp claws for grabbing preyB It dark, outer covering of feathersC Its long tail feathers for better swimmingD Its strong back for carrying heavy prey

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33. Study the picture of the hawk shown above. Which of the following body parts BEST helps the hawk to meet its basic needs?A Its sharp claws for grabbing preyB It dark, outer covering of feathersC Its long tail feathers for better swimmingD Its strong back for carrying heavy prey

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34. Which of the following BEST explains the differences in appearance of these bird beaks? The birds’ beaks have adapted—A to eat the same types of foodB to eat different types of foodC to help them fly longer distancesD to help them communicate better

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34. Which of the following BEST explains the differences in appearance of these bird beaks? The birds’ beaks have adapted—A to eat the same types of foodB to eat different types of foodC to help them fly longer distancesD to help them communicate better

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35. Which of the following is an example of camouflage?A The stripes on a zebra that make it difficult to be seen in shady placesB A young kangaroo growing and developing in its mother’s pouchC The camel’s long eyelashes, which keep the sun out of its eyesD The long sharp quills that cover a porcupine’s body

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35. Which of the following is an example of camouflage?A The stripes on a zebra that make it difficult to be seen in shady placesB A young kangaroo growing and developing in its mother’s pouchC The camel’s long eyelashes, which keep the sun out of its eyesD The long sharp quills that cover a porcupine’s body

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36. The feet of birds are adapted for getting food and to allow them to move around when not in flight. The feet of climbing birds have long, sharp-clawed toes facing forward and backward. Which bird foot pictured below probably belongs to a climbing bird?

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36. The feet of birds are adapted for getting food and to allow them to move around when not in flight. The feet of climbing birds have long, sharp-clawed toes facing forward and backward. Which bird foot pictured below probably belongs to a climbing bird?

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37. The Osprey, also known as the Fish Hawk, lives in Texas marshes and swamps. Fish are their favorite food. What physical characteristic of an Osprey would help in catching fish?A Small eyesB Brown feathersC Large wingsD Long talons

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37. The Osprey, also known as the Fish Hawk, lives in Texas marshes and swamps. Fish are their favorite food. What physical characteristic of an Osprey would help in catching fish?A Small eyesB Brown feathersC Large wingsD Long talons

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38. Which of the following is an external characteristic shared by a tiger and a zebra?A Long nosesB Camouflaging stripesC Small, rounded earsD Sharp talons

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38. Which of the following is an external characteristic shared by a tiger and a zebra?A Long nosesB Camouflaging stripesC Small, rounded earsD Sharp talons

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39. Which of the following external characteristics of a rose bush keep it from being harmed by consumers in its environment?A A leafB A thornC A flowerD A seed

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39. Which of the following external characteristics of a rose bush keep it from being harmed by consumers in its environment?A A leafB A thornC A flowerD A seed

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40. Look at the beaver tail in the picture above. This tail is adapted to help the beaver move swiftly through the water when swimming. Which of the following foot structures MOST LIKELYbelongs to the beaver?

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40. Look at the beaver tail in the picture above. This tail is adapted to help the beaver move swiftly through the water when swimming. Which of the following foot structures MOST LIKELYbelongs to the beaver?

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41. The eyespots on this butterfly’s wings allow it to –Astay warm in the winterB locate nectar-filled flowersC fly away from predatorsD frighten or confuse enemies

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41. The eyespots on this butterfly’s wings allow it to –Astay warm in the winterB locate nectar-filled flowersC fly away from predatorsD frighten or confuse enemies

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42. The purpose of thorns on a plant is most likely to— A help the plant to get moistureB anchor the plant in the groundC protect the plant from harm D support the stems and branches

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42. The purpose of thorns on a plant is most likely to— A help the plant to get moistureB anchor the plant in the groundC protect the plant from harm D support the stems and branches

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43. Most moths have mouthparts that allow them to suck the nectar from plants. Which of the following is MOST similar to the mouthparts of a moth?

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43. Most moths have mouthparts that allow them to suck the nectar from plants. Which of the following is MOST similar to the mouthparts of a moth?

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44. From the shape of its beak and the length of its legs, this bird is best adapted for feeding on which of the following? A Insects that feed on plants B Small fish in shallow water C Nuts from riverside trees and plants D Birds in ground nests

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44. From the shape of its beak and the length of its legs, this bird is best adapted for feeding on which of the following? A Insects that feed on plants B Small fish in shallow water C Nuts from riverside trees and plants D Birds in ground nests

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45. What is the main function of the spines on the prickly cactus shown below? A To make foodB To provide shadeC To attract insectsD To protect the plant

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45. What is the main function of the spines on the prickly cactus shown below? A To make foodB To provide shadeC To attract insectsD To protect the plant

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46. Which part of a sunflower plant functions as the main pathway through which water and nutrients flow to all parts of the plant?A The flowersB The leavesC The stemD The roots

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46. Which part of a sunflower plant functions as the main pathway through which water and nutrients flow to all parts of the plant?A The flowersB The leavesC The stemD The roots

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47. Birds that prey on other birds usually have short, curved beaks and strong feet with sharp talons. Which of the birds pictured above MOST LIKELY preys on other birds?A House sparrow B Blue jay C Mourning dove D Sharp-shinned hawk

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47. Birds that prey on other birds usually have short, curved beaks and strong feet with sharp talons. Which of the birds pictured above MOST LIKELY preys on other birds?A House sparrow B Blue jay C Mourning dove D Sharp-shinned hawk

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50. What is the main function of the plant structure labeled A?AReproduction B Release of minerals C Absorption of water DSupport

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50. What is the main function of the plant structure labeled A?AReproduction B Release of minerals C Absorption of water DSupport

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