Community based tourism in namibia
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Community Based Tourism in Namibia. Presentation By Maxi Louis 28 April 2005. Contents. Background What is CBT? Principles of CBT What’s happening? Challenges Questions / comments. Background. Rural areas - shared resources Conservation link Poverty alleviation link

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Community based tourism in namibia

Community Based Tourism in Namibia

Presentation By Maxi Louis

28 April 2005


Contents

Contents

  • Background

  • What is CBT?

  • Principles of CBT

  • What’s happening?

  • Challenges

  • Questions / comments


Background

Background

  • Rural areas - shared resources

  • Conservation link

  • Poverty alleviation link

  • Empowerment of rural communities


What is cbt

Campsites

Cultural

Craft

What is CBT?

Guides

Tours

Lodges

Trophy

hunting

Info &

bookings


Principles of cbt

Principles of CBT

Environmental

  • Contributes meaningfully to conservation of the resources it uses

  • Environmentally sound design and operation (EIA and EMP)

  • Development fits into planning frameworks

    Social

  • Employment preference to locals

  • Encourages local ownership and management

  • Works in harmony with local structures

    Economic

  • Based on sound business case with proven market demand

  • Business plans developed

  • Management / ownership based on accepted best practice


Community based tourism in namibia

Small Enterprise Development – current situation

UNSUSTAINABLE

CBTEs

SUSTAINABLE

CBTEs

  • Sustainable

  • CBTEs

  • In future

  • Quality product

  • Well managed

Most

CBTEs

Unsustainable

In 2003

What the tourist / operator needs

What the tourist / tour operator needs

Minimum standard required by tourism industry

Owned and managed by conservancy / community appointed manager (no incentives / autonomy)

Not entrepreneurial.

Owned by conservancy but management based on skills, competency, incentives and clear agreements (could be out-sourced if appropriate)

Entrepreneurial

Required shift

Individual empowerment

Conservancy Committee (CC) empowerment

CC manages the person

CC manages the agreement


What s happening in cbt

What’s happening in CBT?

Guiding at rock art sites

  • Brandberg

  • Twyfelfontein


What s happening in cbt1

Campsites – new developments

What’s happening in CBT?

  • Grootberg

  • Nambwa

  • Bum Hill

  • Ombalantu


Community based tourism in namibia

Campsite upgrades

  • Puros

  • N//goabaca (Popa Falls)

  • Kubunyana


Community based tourism in namibia

Tourist information

  • Uis

  • Aus


Community based tourism in namibia

Cultural attractions and craft

  • Tsandi Homestead

  • King Nehale cultural centre


Community based tourism in namibia

Cultural attractions and craft

  • Maltahöhe School Choir

  • Puros Cultural Village


Summary

Summary

  • Currently 34 active small CBT enterprises

  • N$5 million in turnover in 2003

  • 300 rural jobs created

  • 100,000 visitors annually

  • 29 enterprises with business plans

  • All active enterprises promoted on website

  • Booking and information service provided

  • Increased awareness


Partnerships with conservancies

Partnerships with conservancies

Lodges

10 Active lodge partnerships in place


Community based tourism in namibia

Trophy hunting

  • 10 conservancies with hunting agreements

  • N$2.5 million in benefits to conservancies (2003)


Challenges

Challenges

  • Some tour operators are not working through local structures

  • Tourism awareness for broader Namibian community still a necessity

  • Benefit distribution systems not well entrenched

  • Confusion between ownership and management

  • Absence of exclusion rights devalues community tourism assets


Questions comments

Questions / comments


Community based tourism in namibia

Thank you!


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