Ethical Issues Confidentiality
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• The American Art Therapy Association explains Art Therapists “shall respect and protect confidential information obtained from patients in conversation and/or through artistic expression". Sand therapy is a form of Play therapy and both have overlapping ethical dilemmas.
• According to the American Art Therapy Association when the client is a minor all disclosure and consent is handled by the parent or legal guardian. Counselor’s must obtain confidentiality with the client and provide care and refrain from disclosure of information to the parent or guardian that might adversely affect the treatment of the client.
What is Sandplay Therapy?
In sandplay therapy, the counselor provides a sand tray, water, and a multitude of objects and materials with which to imaginatively create scenes. This technique can be used effectively with children, adolescents, adults, couples, groups, and families (Labovitz-Boik & Goodwin, 2000). By means of figures and the arrangement of the sand in the area of the sand tray clients set up a world corresponding to his or her inner and outer life (Kallf, 1991; Labovitz-Boik & Goodwin, 2000).
• Based on Jungian theory
• Developed as a productive means to aid individuals in bringing to consciousness what is not seen in reality (Labovitz-Boik & Goodwin, 2000).
• Understanding the non-verbal communication of children is challenging and therefore many helping professionals have implemented Sandplay Therapy as an adjunct to their current practice (Labovitz-Boik & Goodwin, 2000; McNally, 2001).
• Think of Sandplay as the “bridge” between the conscious and unconscious (Kallf, Turner, & Kallf, 2003).
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• Therapists are ethically obligated to practice within the boundaries of their competencies.
• It is important to have adequate training when working with such a special population. The International Association for Play Therapy established the process in order to be considered a play therapist.
Sandplay Therapy Training
Helping professionals who hold a masters in medicine, psychology, certified social work, pastoral counseling, school counseling, or marriage and family counseling from regionally accredited university and are licensed or credentialed to practice within their professional are able to enroll in Sandplay training programs. Training programs are offered through The Sandplay Therapists of America (STA) organization (Sandplay Therapists of America, 2010).
•Landeth (2001) explains that play therapists are ethically responsible to refer a child whom they believe needs further evaluation. If the play therapist fails to refer a child he or she could be held liable for neglecting the special needs of the child
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