Measuring the Racial Impacts of Public Policies Host: Alliance for Metropolitan Stability Presenter: Terry Keleher. Presentation Overview. • Racial Impacts Matter • Racial Equity • Racial Equity Impact Assessments • Developing Equitable Policy. Racial Justice. Racial Justice ≠ Diversity
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• Racial Impacts Matter
• Racial Equity
• Racial Equity Impact Assessments
• Developing Equitable Policy
Racial Justice ≠ Diversity
(Diversity = Variety)
Racial Justice ≠ Equality
(Equality = Sameness)
Racial Justice = Equity
(Equity = Fairness, Justice)
Definition: Racial Justice is the creation and proactive reinforcement of policies, practices, attitudes and actions that produce equitable power, access, opportunities, treatment, impacts and outcomes for all.
Indicators: Equitable impacts and outcomes across race is the evidence of racial justice.
“Playing the Race Card”
What is racism?
Does racism exist?
What do we do about it?
Institutional racism occurs within institutions. Institutional racism is discriminatory treatment, unfair policies and practices, and inequitable opportunities and impacts, based on race.
Example: A school system that concentrates people of color in the most overcrowded, under-funded schools with the least qualified teachers.
Structural racism is racial bias across institutions and society. It’s the cumulative and compounded effects of an array of factors that systematically privilege white people and disadvantage people of color.
Example: The “racial wealth divide” (where whites have many times the wealth of people of color) results from generations of discrimination and racial inequality.
Impacts of actions
Infused throughout society
Immediate and obvious
Invisible and insidious
In the past
In the present
From: Personal Prejudice
To: Institutional Inequity
From: Attitudes and Intentions
To: Actions and Impacts
From: “Who’s a Racist?”
To: “What’s Causing Racism?”
• Share a tool that helps us talk explicitly about race.
• Expose the racial dynamics and unintended consequences of “colorblind” policies.
• Create a multiracial and multi-issue framework to advance racially equitable policymaking.
• Legitimatize racial equity as a standard for measuring government effectiveness.
“ Perhaps more important than the report's call for action on specific legislation is its plea for greater attention to the racial impact of everything state government does. That's a message those who care about the state Minnesota is becoming should heed.”
--Minneapolis Star Tribune editorial, Jan. 29, 2008
(commenting on MN Legislative Report Card on Racial Equity released by Organizing Apprenticeship Project)
1. What ways will the proposal have a positive impact on racial/ethnic equity and inclusion?
2. What may be some adverse impacts or unintended consequences that could have a negative impact on racial equity?
3. What changes could be made to make the proposal more equitable and inclusive?
Establishes a “general duty” for public authorities:
1. to eliminate unlawful racial discrimination;
2. to promote equality of opportunity between persons of different racial groups, and;
3. to promote good relations between persons of different racial groups.
Establishes a “specific duty” for public authorities:
1. to prepare and publish a “race equality scheme” or a “race equality policy” (for educational institutions); and
2. to monitor and publicly report employment patterns and address any differences or disadvantages.
and, authorities conduct a Race Equality Impact Assessment on proposed policies that
"It is unacceptable that the color of your skin or your home address are good predictors of whether you will have a low birth weight baby, die from diabetes or your children will graduate from high school or end up in jail.”
--King County Executive Ron Sims
•Iowa, Minority Impact Statements required to examine impacts of new sentencing laws prior to passage.
1. Target Institutional and Structural Inequities
2. Focus Explicitly on Racial Equity
3. Prioritize Impact Over Intention
4. Redefine Government Accountability
5. Foster Strategic Alliances
1. Define racial inequality / racial equity
2. Develop mechanism to study racial disparities
3. Include an “Equity Mandate”
4. Require “Race Equity Strategic Plans”
7. Require racially disaggregated data collection and reporting
• Create an authorized body to study problems of racial disparities.
• Examples: Illinois established a commission to address disproportionality in child welfare; and California created a Disproportionality Task Force.
1. to eliminate racial discrimination;
2. to promote equality of opportunity, and;
3. to promote good relations across racial groups.