The Age of Discovery or The Age of Exploration. Early 15 th century until the 17 th century. Europeans looking for trade partners Europeans looking for new goods Europeans looking for new trade routes Europeans trying to learn more about the world. The world in 1400.
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The Age of DiscoveryorThe Age of Exploration
Europeans looking for trade partners
Europeans looking for new goods
Europeans looking for new trade routes
Europeans trying to learn more about the world
The world in 1400
Specifically the nations were looking for gold and silver
New Trade routes for the spice and silk trade
The Ottoman Empire blocked trade with Constantinople in 1453
They also blocked access to North Africa and the Red Sea (blocking trade to the “Far East”
The official beginning to the Age of Discovery started with Prince Henry the Navigator of Portugal
Prince Henry created the first true nautical maps. As a result, sailors could now sail into the ocean without having to keep land in sight
Trips could cover more area as a result
The first discovery using nautical maps was the Madeira Islands in 1419 and the Azores in 1427.
The main goal for the Portuguese was to find a trade route to West Africa without going through the Sahara Desert.
By the mid 1400’s the Portuguese established a trade port at Elmina in West Africa
1441: Start of European slave trading in Africa. The Portuguese captains AntãoGonçalves and NunoTristão capture 12 Africans in CaboBranco (modern Mauritania) and take them to Portugal as slaves.
1444:Lançarote de Freitas, a tax-collector from the Portuguese town of Lagos, forms a company to trade with Africa.
8 August 1444: de Freitas lands 235 kidnapped and enslaved Africans in Lagos, the first large group of African slaves brought to Europe.
All of this as a result of exploration. Consequences???????
Columbus attempted to find a trade route to Asia by sailing west from Spain. In 1492 he discovered America
Pedro Alvares Cabral explored Brazil while sailing for Portugal.
His explorations began a territory conflict with Spain.
The conflict between Spain and Portugal led to the Treaty of Tordesillasin 1494
The Treaty of Tordesillas created an imaginary line that ran 370 leagues west of Cape Verde islands. Lands east of the line belonged to Portugal and everything west of the line belonged to Spain.
This line is also known as the Papal Line
Line of Demarcation
Is given credit for being the first to circumnavigate the world while searching for a trade route to Asia through the Northwest Passage
In reality Magellan didn’t survive the voyage. He was killed in a battle in the Philippine Islands
The Age of Exploration/Discovery ended early in the 17th century due to advances in technology and increase in knowledge of the world
It became easy to travel across the sea
New settlements created a network of communication and trade
Mariner’s Astrolabe – An early navigation tool.
A sailor held the astrolabe vertically, located a star
through its sights, and measured the star’s elevation
above the horizon. In this way a ship’s approximate
location could be identified
Sextant - an astronomical instrument used to determine
latitude and longitude at sea by measuring angular
distances, especially the altitudes of sun, moon, and stars.
Created in 1590