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Indirect Object Pronouns. FRENCH 101. Indirect Object Pronouns. When an action is directed ‘ to ’, or ‘at’ a person or object, this person or object becomes an indirect object. Il parle à  sa femme . He speaks to  his wife. Indirect Object Pronouns.

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indirect object pronouns
Indirect Object Pronouns
  • When an action is directed ‘to’, or ‘at’ a person or object, this person or object becomes an indirect object.
    • Il parle à sa femme.

He speaks to his wife.

indirect object pronouns1
Indirect Object Pronouns
  • When the preposition à is followed by le, the two merge to form au. When followed by les the two form aux. This is called a contraction.
    • Jacques ressemble au maire.

Jacques looks like the mayor.

    • Il faut parler aux enfants.

One must speak to the children

indirect object pronouns2
Indirect Object Pronouns
  • The indirect object pronouns are:
    • Il meparle.
    • Elle teparle.
    • Je luiparle.
    • Ellesnousparlent.
    • Il vousparle.
    • Je leurparle.
    • He speaks to me.
    • She speaks to you.
    • I speak to him/her.
    • She speaks to us.
    • He speaks to you. (plural)
    • I speak to them.
indirect object pronouns3
Indirect Object Pronouns
  • Examples:
    • Vous répondez à la question.

You respond to the question.

    • Vous y répondez.

You respond to it.

    • Vous répondez à l\'enseignant.

You respond to the teacher (male ).

    • Vous lui répondez.

You respond to him/her.

-Lui and leur are used if the indirect object is a person. They can identify “to whom” or “for whom” the action is being done.

-Y should be used if the indirect object is a noun referring to a place, idea, or thing.

indirect object pronouns4
Indirect Object Pronouns
  • Examples:
    • Je veux des bonbons.

Iwant candy.

    • J\'enveux.

I want some.

    • Je suisfrançaise et j\'ensuisfière.

I am French and I am proud of it.

En is a pronoun that can replace any phrase of the form“de/des/du + a thing”.

extra note
Extra Note
  • When the preposition de is followed by le, the two merge to form du. When followed by les, the two form des.
  • Example:
    • Je suis l\'homme le plus fort du monde (m.).

I\'m the strongest man in the world.

extra note1
Extra Note
  • We saw an example above of y replacingthe phrase “à la question”. Y can actually replace most (this doesn’t really work with “avec”, for example)prepositional phrases other than thosethat begin with de.
  • Example:
    • Il y est.

He is there. 

  • y here could be replacing  a place. i.e: dans la maison, en France, sur la table etc.
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