Chemical Mysteries in the ER Tim Graham Roosevelt H.S. Chemistry Wyandotte, Michigan 48192 firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com (734) 759-5214 http://grahamt48192.tripod.com/mstansta/. Methylene Blue and Hemoglobin. + methemoglobin. Methylene Blue (colorless).
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Chemical Mysteries in the ERTim GrahamRoosevelt H.S. ChemistryWyandotte, Michigan firstname.lastname@example.org@wy.k12.mi.us(734) 759-5214http://grahamt48192.tripod.com/mstansta/
*methylene blue plays the role of diaphorase enzyme in
converting methemoglobin to hemoglobin. Side effect…
across the ring
in methylene blue
*leuco form lacks
Hb( Fe2+ )
Hb(Fe2+) * O2
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5 Ca 2+(aq) + 3 PO43-(aq) +OH1-(aq)
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Fluoridation… Colorado Brown Stain “Fluorosis”
Ridge National Laboratory will search for
fluorinated hydrocarbon compounds, one of
the approximately 400 types of volatile organic
compounds emitted by human bodies during
decomposition. It is believed that these
compounds are formed as the fluoride added
to urban drinking water is released after death.
“Helter Skelter” Murders, 1969.
994 Chemicals found in Cigarettes: A Great Lesson in Organic Nomenclature!Acetanisole; Acetic Acid; Acetoin; Acetophenone; 6-Acetoxydihydrotheaspirane;2-Acetyl-3- Ethylpyrazine; 2-Acetyl-5-Methylfuran; Acetylpyrazine; 2-Acetylpyridine;3-Acetylpyridine; 2-Acetylthiazole; Aconitic Acid; dl-Alanine; Alfalfa Extract; Allspice Extract;Oleoresin; Oleoresin Oil; Allyl Hexanoate; Allyl Ionone; Almond Bitter Oil;Ambergris Tincture; Ammonia; Ammonium Bicarbonate; Ammonium Hydroxide;Ammonium Phosphate Dibasic; Ammonium Sulfide; Amyl Alcohol; Amyl Butyrate;Amyl Formate; Amyl Octanoate; alpha-Amylcinnamaldehyde; Amyris Oil; trans-Anethole;Angelica Root Extract; Oil and Seed Oil; Anise; Anise Star Extract and Oils; Anisyl AcetateAnisyl Alcohol; Anisyl Formate; Anisyl Phenylacetate; Apple Juice Concentrate/ExtractandSkins; Apricot Extract & Juice Concentrate; 1-Arginine; Asafetida Fluid Extract And Oil; Ascorbic Acid;1-Asparagine Monohydrate; 1-Aspartic Acid; These are just the ones that start with “A”
When the alcohol dehydrogenase enzyme metabolizes the ethylene
glycol, calcium oxalate crystals form.
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ADH enzyme…Alcohol dehydrogenase is our primary defense against alcohol, a toxic molecule that depresses the nervous system. High concentrations of alcohol dehydrogenase in the liver and stomach detoxify about approximately one ounce of liquor per hour. The alcohol is converted to acetaldehyde by the oxidation of NAD+ to NADH. Acetaldehyde is even more toxic to the body than ethanol. The body quickly convertes the acetaldehyde into acetate and other molecules that are easily utilized by the cell.
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Edgar Allen Poe’s
drooping eye and
sagging mouth are
tell-tale signs of
Wilson’s Disease results from the liver’s inability to
excrete excess copper. Copper then accumulates in the liver
(leading to cirrhosis or fulminant hepatic failure) and in the brain
(leading to neurological or psychiatric disturbances).
Blue #1 enzyme
500 nm enzyme