Verbal prefixes in latin
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VERBAL PREFIXES IN LATIN. Derek Hommel Philip Fraccola. Verbal Prefixes. some compound verbs take dative ‘prae’ verbs, infero Formation modifications: assimilation : last letter of prefix becomes first letter of base: ad + fero = affero

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VERBAL PREFIXES IN LATIN

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Verbal prefixes in latin

VERBAL PREFIXESIN LATIN

Derek Hommel

Philip Fraccola


Verbal prefixes

Verbal Prefixes

  • some compound verbs take dative

    • ‘prae’ verbs, infero

  • Formation modifications:

    • assimilation: last letter of prefix becomes first letter of base: ad + fero = affero

    • contradiction: dithong in base may become single vowel: re + quaero = requiro

    • weakened vowel: ‘a’ or ‘e’ may become an ‘i’ in compound: de + facio = deficio


Prefixes and dative

prefixes and dative

A compound verb taking dative:

castra

Manlius praeerat

castris

compound


Ab a from away

ab-, a- – from, away

a

verto -

turn

away; turn aside

accipio

capio -

take

from » receive

English: abduct, avert, abstract


Ad to toward near

ad – to, toward, near

ad

orior -

rise

to meet » attack

ad

sum -

be

near » be present

English: adhesive, assimilate, advent


Con together completely

con – together, completely

con

fido -

trust

deeply » be confident

conficio

facio -

do

completely » finish

English: collaborate, convene, corrode


De from down

de – from, down

de

scribo -

write

down » describe

de

fero -

bring

down

English: descend, devolve, defoliate


Dis di apart away

dis / di – apart, away

di

mitto -

send

away » let go

di

fero -

bring

apart » differ

English: differ, dispel, dispute


Ex e out

ex / e – out

ex

pello -

drive

out

ex

pono -

put

out » set forth

English: expel, extol, expect


In 1 into in on upon

in (1) – into, in, on, upon

incipio

capio -

take

upon » begin

in

cito -

excite

into » urge on

English: infringe, import, impel


In 2 not without

in (2)– not, without

* negative connotation

in

video -

see

without » envy

im

pendeo -

hang

over » threaten

English: indecent, illegal, immoral


Inter between

inter – between

* can imply an interruption

interficio

facio -

interrupt doing » kill

do

inter

mitto -

interrupt sending » stop

send

English: intercept, interstate


Ob against toward

ob – against, toward

obtineo

teneo -

hold

against » possess

ob

dormio -

sleep

toward » fall asleep

English: oblong, obstacle


Per thoroughly very

per – thoroughly, very

perficio

facio -

do

thoroughly » finish

per

mitto -

let go

» allow, entrust

English: permeate, percolate, pervert


Prae ahead before very

prae – ahead, before, very

praecipio

capio -

take

ahead » direct

praecipio

facio -

do

before » put in charge

English: precede, prejudice


Pro forth

pro – forth

profiteor

fateor -

confess

forth » declare

pro

duco -

lead

forth

English: proclaim, proceed, produce


Re red back again

re / red – back, again

requiro

quaero -

seek

again » search for

re

pello -

drive

back

English: remove, return, retreat


Trans across

trans – across

trans

porto -

carry

across

trans

duco -

lead

across

English: translate, transparent


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