Biosciences
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 19

Biosciences eastern and central Africa PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 64 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Biosciences eastern and central Africa. ICT and Human Capital Development in Africa: Role of Centers of Excellence. Kubata Bruno Kilunga. Biosciences eastern and central Africa. 19-21 November 2006, Cape Town, South Africa. Biosciences eastern and central Africa.

Download Presentation

Biosciences eastern and central Africa

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Ict and human capital development in africa role of centers of excellence

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

ICT and Human Capital Development in Africa: Role of Centers of Excellence

Kubata Bruno Kilunga

Biosciences eastern and central Africa

19-21 November 2006, Cape Town, South Africa


Major issues to be discussed

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

Major Issues to be discussed

  • Major Challenges for Africa

  • The Need for Research in Bioscience on the Continent

  • Experience of NEPAD’s Initiative of Centers for Excellence in Bioscience on the Continent


Facts and figures on african agriculture and food security

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

Facts and Figureson African Agriculture and Food Security

  • Sub-Saharan Africa's share of world hunger is rising sharply

  • Globally: 30% more food/person over past 40 years

  • Africa: 7% less food/person over past 40 years

  • Why?

  • Frequent drought in the semi - arid and arid zones and desertification; Soil erosion and decline in soil fertility; Low level of irrigated agriculture and low water productivity,

  • Diseases; Loss of biodiversity and General natural resources degradation:

  • Low productivity of agriculture which is lower than world norms

  • Facing increasingly competitive world markets

  • Declining commodity prices for traditional export crops and Declining world export market share,

  • Extreme poverty with people living on less than US$1 a day


Facts and figures on african health

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

Facts and Figures on African Health

  • Population: ca. 703 millions with annual Population Growth of 2.1%

  • Life Expectance at Birth: 45.8 years

  • Control of parasitic Diseases such as Trypanosomiasis, Leishmaniasis and Malaria, and Prevalence of HIV/AIDS


Ict and human capital development in africa role of centers of excellence

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

Manzini

Kampala

Dakar

A tale of three epidemics


Ict and human capital development in africa role of centers of excellence

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

HETEROGENEITY OF HIV IN AFRICA

0-0.1%

Algeria-0.1%

Egypt<0.1%

Mauritania-0.6%

Mali-1%

1-5%

Eritrea-2.7%

Sudan-2.6%

Senegal-0.8%

Djibouti-2.9%

Burkina Faso-2%

Nigeria-4%

Ethiopia-4%

Sierra Leone-1%

3-7%

Ghana-2%

Ivory Coast-7%

Uganda-7%

Congo B-5%

Kenya-7%

Congo DR-5%

Tanzania-7%

Adult HIV Prevalence

Angola-3%

Zambia-16%

Zimbabwe-20%

Namibia-20%

Madagascar-1%

Botswana-35%

15-35%

Swaziland-33%

Sources: UNAIDS 2004 estimates used unless

recent national population-based HIV survey available

Lesotho-23%

South Africa-16%


Facts and figures on the quality of science in sub saharan africa

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

Region and Country19881990199520002003

All Countries 466,419 508,795 580,809 632,781 698,726

Other Asia (- China,

S. Korea, Singapore, Taiwan 10,116 10,566 11,355 12,294 15,779

Near East/North Africa 7,896 8,241 9,647 11,111 13,465

Central/South America 5,632 6,886 9,547 14,747 18,933

Sub-Saharan Africa 4,544 4,355 4,161 3,973 4,219

Research Products: International Publications

Source:Science and Engineering indicators, 2006 derived from Thompson ISI, Social Science

Index and Science Indexes.

Facts and Figures on the quality of Science in sub-Saharan Africa


Ict and human capital development in africa role of centers of excellence

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

S&T Collaboration in Africa

BecA Vision

To enable African scientists and institutions to use technologies and make technological innovations by undertaking bioscience research and innovation targeted at issues affecting Africa’s development, while accessing the best of science worldwide.

BecA Mission

To improve the livelihoods of resource-poor people in Africa trough the development and use of new technologies for sustaining agricultural production, improving human health, and conserving the environment.


Ict and human capital development in africa role of centers of excellence

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

Opportunities of countries and/or institutions to participate in BecA programs


Beca design

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

BecA Design

  • BecA Hub and Secretariat

    • Located on the campus of ILRI in Nairobi, Kenya

    • Provide common biosciences research platform

    • Deliver research related services

    • Facilitate capacity building and training opportunities

  • Network of regional nodes, National Programs and other laboratories

    • Distributed throughout institutions in eastern and central Africa

    • Conduct research on priority issues affecting Africa’s development


Beca core competencies

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

BecA Core Competencies

  • Scientific & Technical

  • Bioinformatics

  • Biometrics

  • Diagnostics

  • Genomics

  • Functional genomics

  • Gene sequencing

  • Molecular breeding

  • Transformation

  • Tissue culture

  • Vaccine technology

  • Vectors

  • Non-Scientific

  • Laboratory management

  • Equipment maintenance

  • Biosafety policies and practices

  • Communication and knowledge management

  • Information technology

  • Intellectual property management

  • Other regulatory management

  • Partnerships for technology delivery

  • Science writing

  • Proposal preparation


Ict and human capital development in africa role of centers of excellence

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

Plant/crop biotechnology

- Genetic transformation

- Plant breeding with MAS

- Diagnostics

- In vitro propagation/tissue culture/

micro-propagation

- Genomics/bioinformatics

Focus on products

- Nutritionally-enhanced crops

- Abiotic stresses (e.g., drought, other physical)

- Biotic/disease stresses

Application on the following crops:

- Cereals: Maize, millet, rice, sorghum, wheat

- Legumes: Beans, cowpea, groundnut

- Vegetative crops: Banana/plantain,

cassava, sweet potato

- Cash crops: Coffee, cotton, oil palm, and sesame


Ict and human capital development in africa role of centers of excellence

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

Livestock biotechnology

  • Animal health/production

  • Nutrition

  • Improving disease control

  • Delivery of genetic change

  • Animal genetic resources

  • Specific disease areas

  • East Coast fever (caused by Theileria parva),

  • Animal trypanosomiasis,

  • Contagious Bovine Pleuro Pneumonia (CBPP)

  • Rift Valley fever virus, African Swine Fever virus,

  • Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiensei,

  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Brucella abortus,

  • Mycoplasma mycoides

  • Anthrax

  • Avian flu


Project areas

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

Project Areas

Environmental application

  • Genotyping of indigenous plant and wildlife species

  • Better characterization

  • Conservation

  • Management


Some achievements

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

Some achievements

  • Establishment of state-of-the-art Bioinformatics facility,

  • Upgrading of Server and computer training facility to complement the Bioinformatics platform,

  • Establishment of medium throughput sequencing and genotyping facility featuring.


Workshops and symposia

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

Workshops and symposia

  • Jan 2005: Sorghum Millet, Rice Annotation Meeting (A meeting for African scientists to understand how to utilise the annotation data)

  • March 2005:Bioinformatics Workshop

  • March 2005:African Genome Initiative (AGI) Annual Conference Cracking Africa’s killer diseases co-hosted with BecA, ILRI and ICIPE


Capacity building

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

Capacity building

  • Nov–December 2004 Training of 21 participants from the region on Molecular Breeding course ‘Unlocking Plant Diversity for the Resource-Poor using the tools of modern genomics, specifically Marker Assisted Selection techniques’

  • Ongoing BecA/Rockefeller/Global Challenge Program on Tapping Crop Biodiversity for the Resource-Poor in East and Central Africa, supporting 2 PhD candidates working on Cassava and Sorghum.


Conclusions

Biosciences

eastern and centralAfrica

Conclusions

  • NEPAD’s initiative of Centers for Excellence in Biosciences is a new approach for growing and sustaining the African Human Capital.

  • It adds value and is complementary to the HEIs.

Thank you so much for your Attention


  • Login