How much whale hunting is needed in the name of science? . History of whaling in Japan. Definition: Hunting of whales for commercial , recreational or scientific purposes. Whaling in Japan dates back as far as the 7 th century
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How much whale hunting is needed in the name of science?
History of whaling in Japan
Definition: Hunting of whales for commercial, recreational or scientific purposes.
Whaling in Japan dates back as far as the 7th century
Proverb: "There's nothing to throw away from a whale except its voice.”
Staple piece of the Japanese diet
Gradual extinction - By the late 16th Century ‘right whales’became virtually extinct in the North Atlantic.
19th century improvements in hunting technology heavily distorts population numbers
Booming hunting industry = Unsustainability
In 2011/2012 Japan killed around 445 whales in total.
In 2010/2011 Japan killed around 445 whales in total.
Japan has slaughtered over 6,000 whales since commercial whaling was banned in 1986
Science as an excuse?
Action by the International Community
International Whaling Commission (IWC) came into effect in 1986
Combat extinction and promote sustainability
Complete protection of certain species
Set limits on the number and size of whales which could be taken
Prescribed open and closed seasons and areas for whaling
International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling 1946
Purpose: "provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry".
"Save the Whale" become one of the most successful campaigns of the 1970s, and brought groups like Greenpeace to prominence.
Australia vs Japan
Japan, Iceland and Norway still continue to hunt whales.
2003 – Countries wanted to recommence commercial whaling, arguing that…
The hiatus had allowed whale stocks to recover sufficiently enough.
Minke whales were endangering other species
“Notwithstanding anything contained in this Convention any Contracting Government may grant to any of its nationals a special permit authorizing that national to kill, take and treat whales for purposes of scientific research subject to such restrictions as to number and subject to such other conditions as the Contracting Government thinks fit, and the killing, taking, and treating of whales in accordance with the provisions of this Article shall be exempt from the operation of this Convention. Each Contracting Government shall report at once to the Commission all such authorizations which it has granted. Each Contracting Government may at any time revoke any such special permit which it has granted.”