Developing a Review Protocol, Searching and Data Extraction. Trudy Bekkering, PhD Center of Evidence-Based Medicine & Belgian Branch of the Dutch Cochrane Center Centre for Methodology of Educational Research Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
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Trudy Bekkering, PhD
Center of Evidence-Based Medicine &
Belgian Branch of the Dutch Cochrane Center
Centre for Methodology of Educational Research
KatholiekeUniversiteit Leuven, Belgium
This presentation is partly based on previous presentations of Oliver Wendtand Chad Nye
A well formulated objective focuses the review
(Miller & Eakin, 2011)
Types of studies
(Miller & Eakin, 2011)
Types of participants
Types of interventions
Types of outcomemeasures
The following child outcomes will be included:
Approaches to Parent Involvement
Improving the Academic Performance
Elementary School Age Children
Chad Nye, Herb Turner, Jamie Schwartz
The purpose of this review is to determine the effectiveness of parental involvement in improving the academic performance of school age children in grades K-6.
AND: Both terms must be present in order for a record to be retrieved. Used to combine different concepts.
e.g parent participation AND achievement
OR: Either term may be present in order for a record to be retrieved. Used to search for related terms or synonyms.
e.g. parent OR family
NOT: Used between two terms to ensure that the second term will not appear in any of the results.
e.g. literacy NOT adult
(Parental involvement OR parent participation) AND academic achievement AND (elementary OR primary education)
Using the Limiting Commands:
Using Limits in ERIC:
One final comment…
AUTHOR : Polovina,-Nada; Stanisic,-Jelena
TITLE: A Study on Family-School Cooperation Based on an Analysis of School Documentation
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2007
SOURCE: Online Submission. Journal of Educational Research (Belgrade), v39 n1 p115-133
ERIC DOCUMENT LINK: http://www.eric.ed.gov/contentdelivery/servlet/ERICServlet?accno=ED499159
DOCUMENT TYPE: Journal-Articles; Reports-Research
DESCRIPTORS: Student-Behavior; Attendance-Patterns; Child-Development; Parents-; Family-School-Relationship; Parent-Teacher-Cooperation; Foreign-Countries; Elementary-Schools; Parent-Participation; Grades-Scholastic; Academic-Achievement; Parent-Influence; Parent-Child-Relationship
ABSTRACT: Family-school cooperation is a very complex process that can be studied at different levels in a number of different ways. This study has covered only some aspects of cooperation between parents and teachers, based on school documentation of a Belgrade elementary school. The study covered analyses of 60 Attendance Registers pertaining to 60 classes with 1289 students from Grade 1 through Grade 8 during an academic year. The unit of analysis included: parents attendance at PTA meetings and individual meetings between parents and teachers. In addition to the frequency of parents' visits to school, the relationship between such registered parents' visits and overall academic performance, grades in conduct, excused and unexcused absence from classes were also considered. The research findings indicated interference between development factors (attitude change in parent-child relationship and growing-up) and parents' informal "theory of critical grades" i.e. transitional processes in schooling. The findings confirmed that parents' individual visits to school were mainly meant to offer an excuse for the student's absence from school, while attendance at PTA meetings was linked to poor grades in conduct and missed classes (both excused and unexcused). The findings also showed that parents pursued visiting strategies which were pragmatic, less time-consuming and less emotionally draining ones. The closing part refers to discussions on practical use of the study and possible further research. (Contains 4 graphs.) [This article is the result of the project "Education for Knowledge-Based Society" No. 149001 (2006-2010), financially supported by the Ministry for Science and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Serbia.] (Author)
Repeat these steps for each database to be searched.
What is data extraction?
(Lipsey & Wilson, 2001)
For each group:
1. Journal 2. Dissertation 3.Thesis
4. Unpublished Paper 5. Book 6. Other: ________
B. Subject Characteristics (page(s): ____________)
Group Pretest Posttest Attrition Age Grade(s) Males
(n) (n) (n) (n) (n) (n)
Tx: _22___ _22__ ______ ______ ______ _____
Cp: ______ _____ ______ ______ ______ _____
Co: _22___ __18_ __ 4___ ______ ______ _____
(Lipsey & Wilson, 2001)
Examples of C2 Review Protocols are available on:http://www.campbellcollaboration.org/education_articles/ECG_Resources_for_Reviewers.php