Content of the english version
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 27

Content of the English version PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 36 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Content of the English version. 5FWP context Objectives, Innovations Organisation of the project The Consortium The International Advisory Committee Some complementary information. End. General organisation of FWP 5. The 4th Thematic Programme, part A.

Download Presentation

Content of the English version

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Content of the english version

Content of the English version

  • 5FWP context

  • Objectives, Innovations

  • Organisation of the project

  • The Consortium

  • The International Advisory Committee

  • Some complementary information

Fire Star presentation

End


General organisation of fwp 5

General organisation of FWP 5

Fire Star presentation


The 4th thematic programme part a

The 4th Thematic Programme, part A

Fire Star presentation


Rtd activities of a generic nature and support to research infrastructures

RTD Activities of a Generic Natureand Support to Research Infrastructures

Fire Star presentation

Return to Content


Content of the english version

Fire Star:a decision support systemfor fuel management and fire hazard reduction in Mediterraneanwildland - urban interfaces

Fire Star presentation


Content of the english version

To analyse the end-users requests

The end-users validate and use the system

To decribe and modelise the wildland fuel

Fire Star

To design and develop the system

To modelise the behaviour and the effects of the wildland fire

Fire Star presentation


Scientific and technological objectives

Scientific and technological objectives

  • Long term goal

    • To improve and standardise interface management for reducing wildland fire hazards in Mediterranean areas

  • Main objectives

    • Technological

      • To develop the Fire Star decision support system for managing the wildland fuel and reducing the wildland fire hazards

    • Scientific

      • To improve wildland fuel description and modelling

      • To enhance the predictive ability of the model of wildland fire behaviour in the natural area and on the interface

      • To improve the knowledge on wildland fire effects onto the exposed targets (people, houses)

Fire Star presentation


Specific technological aims

Specific technological aims

  • To specify end-users requirements and needs

    • To examine their requirements and needs

    • To select some of the problems

    • To implement them into the Fire Star system

  • To design and build the Fire Star system

    • demonstrative and pedagogic

    • presenting the basic principles of the wildland fuel model and of the wildland fire behaviour and effects models

    • offering guidelines for managing wildland fuel in the interface, according to the different Mediterranean wildland areas, selected with the end-users

    • providing a list of studied cases of wildland fire behaviour and effects onto the selected targets for all the selected wildland areas

Fire Star presentation


Specific scientific aims

Specific scientific aims

  • To model the behaviour of the wildland fire

    • Better describing basic physical mechanisms and fire properties,

    • Including experimental results on these basic phenomena,

    • Increasing the scale of the resolved domain and, in a second step, the space dimensions (2D to 3D),

    • Validating predictions with accurate results of laboratory and field experiments.

  • To model wildland fire effects onto the target

    • To model the heat transfer from a wildland fire

    • To assess the hazardous consequences of the wildland fire for the target

  • To describe and model the wildland fuel

    • To determine the characteristics of the particles of wildland fuel (leaves and needles, twigs and branches)

    • To describe in an 2-dimensional plan (x,z) the 3-dimensional structure (x,y,z) of the wildland fuel

Fire Star presentation

Return to Content


Organisation of the project

Organisation of the project

  • WP1: Co-ordination of the project

  • WP2: End-users requirements and needs

  • WP3: Fire Star decision support system

  • WP4: Wildland fire behaviour and effects modelling and numerical simulations

  • WP5: Experimental activities for improving the model of wildland fire behaviour

  • WP6: To describe and model the wildland fuel

  • WP7: Experimental fires for validating the behaviour model of wildland fire

  • WP8: Fire Star achievements dissemination and technological implementation plan

  • Articulation of the work packages

  • Working plan

Fire Star presentation

Return to Content


Organisation of the project wp1 wp2

Organisation of the project : WP1 - WP2

  • WP1: Co-ordination of the project (INRA-AVI)

    • WP1T1: To manage the scientific and technological activities

    • WP1T2: To manage the administrative and financial activities

    • WP1T3: To organise the six-monthly meetings, the inaugural meeting, the mid-term assessment meeting and the conclusive symposium

  • WP2: End-users requirements and needs (INRA)

    • WP2T1: To specify end-users requirements and needs

      • To identify and typify the problems the end-users face for managing an interface

      • To analyse the decision-making processes of the end-users

      • To select from them the steps that will be included in the Fire Star system

    • WP2T2: To select the problems to be solved

      • To select the studied natural areas

      • To determine the factors and their levels modifying the behaviour of the wildland fire

      • To characterise the scenarios in Z1 and Z2 and the sub-scenarios in Z3

    • WP2T3: To determine Fire Star system services

      • data bases, diagnostic modules, case bases

Fire Star presentation

Return to Organisation


Organisation of the project wp3 1 2

Organisation of the project : WP3 (1/2)

  • WP3: Fire Star decision support system (ARMINES)

    • WP3T1: To integrate end-users requirements

      • To define and make understandable how the system will support their decision making processes

      • To determine the basic hardware infrastructure the end-users will need to handle the Fire Star system

      • To elaborate a set of system specifications

    • WP3T2: To design the architecture of Fire Star system

      • HTTP server: to provide web pages to a web client via a web browser

      • Public area: accessible to everyone

      • Private area: only accessible to the consortium and to the EC

      • Semi-public area: accessible to the consortium, the EC, the committee and to David Calallero, coordinator of Warm project

      • Model base: containing the most achieved version of the models of behaviour and effects of the wildland fire

      • Database server: containing all the information and data needed for interface management

Fire Star presentation


Organisation of the project wp3 2 2

Organisation of the project : WP3 (2/2)

  • WP3: Fire Star decision support system (ARMINES)

    • WP3T3: To develop and integrate the services of Fire Star system

      • Numerical simulations of the wildland fire behaviour and effects models

      • Results of laboratory experiments for improving the physics

      • Fuel particles characteristics and fuel strata description and modelling for the selected wildland area

      • Burning conditions and results of laboratory tests and field experimental fires

    • WP3T4: To validate Fire Star system

      • To analyse the system

      • To refine the procedure in order to demonstrate its operational capabilities

Fire Star presentation

Return to Organisation


Organisation of the project wp4 1 2

Organisation of the project : WP4 (1/2)

  • WP4: Wildland fire behaviour and effects modelling and numerical simulations (ERT-IUSTI)

    • WP4T1: To improve the physics of the model of wildland fire behaviour

      • Drag forces exerted by the solid fuel particles onto the gas flow

      • Convective heat transfer between the gaseous phase and the solid fuel particles

      • Thermal degradation of solid fuel particles

      • Radiative properties of the flame (complex mixture of gas and soot) and of the embers

    • WP4T2: To increase the predictive ability of the behaviour model of wildland fire

      • To increase the size of the resolved domain

      • To pass from a 2D to a 3D modelling of the behaviour of the wildland fire

      • To develop an adaptative mesh and use probabilities density functions

Fire Star presentation


Organisation of the project wp4 2 2

Organisation of the project : WP4 (2/2)

  • WP4: Wildland fire behaviour and effects modelling and numerical simulations (ERT-IUSTI)

    • WP4T3: To model the effects of the wildland fire onto the outside boundary of the exposed target

      • To determine the thermal and hydro-dynamics conditions generated by the wildland fire at the immediate vicinity of the target

      • To use a generic 3D - Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code

      • To calculate the source terms of mass and energy and the field of radiant intensity in absence of the target

      • To use these outputs as inputs to the CFD code

    • WP4T4: To assess the hazardous consequences for the target

      • To gather, analyse and apply existing data on the tenability of people exposed to smoke and toxic gases as well as heat fluxes

      • To gather and format existing data on toxicity of emissions from materials and ignition thresholds of materials, heat transfer properties.

    • WP4T5: To run numerical simulations corresponding to the scenarios

Fire Star presentation

Return to Organisation


Organisation of the project wp5

Organisation of the project : WP5

  • WP5: Experimental activities for improving the model of wildland fire behaviour (IST-DEM)

    • WP5T1: To provide experimental values of basic parameters involved in wildland fire behaviour

      • Aero-dynamic drag force

      • Heat transfer coefficient inside the wildland fuel bed

      • Thermal degradation.

    • WP5T2: To adapt optical and laser measurements methods

      • Concentration of pyrolysis and combustion products: CO, CO2, H2O

      • Spectral radiant intensity and deduced temperatures of fuel, gas, soot, embers and ashes

      • Total radiant energy received from the fire front by the target

      • Laser doppler velocimetry LDV and particulate image velocimetry PIV for determining gas velocity inside the flame and at its vicinity

Fire Star presentation

Return to Organisation


Organisation of the project wp6

Organisation of the project : WP6

  • WP6: To describe and model the wildland fuel (INIA-CIFOR)

    • WP6T1: To determine the main characteristics of the particles of wildland fuel

      • Physical: length, width, surface, volume, mass-to-volume and surface-to-volume ratios

      • Chemical: nature and efficiency of organic volatile compounds, pyrolysis products and soot production

      • Thermal: high calorific value, heat capacity

    • WP6T2: To describe and modelise the differents strata of a heterogeneous and discontinuous wildland fuel

      • To collect widland fuel data in wildland areas

      • To transform these 3D (x,y,z) data in 2D (x,z) parameters,

      • To integrate the architectural data

      • To distribute the different families of fuel particles in the cells of the resolved domain for zones 1 and 2

Fire Star presentation

Return to Organisation


Organisation of the project wp7

Organisation of the project : WP7

WP7: Experimental fires for validating the behaviour model of wildland fire (UTAD-DF)

WP7T1: To carry out laboratory tests ( 1 à 30 m²)

To carry out the classical measures and observations

To qualify the horizontal and vertical transitions

To apply the adapted optical measurement methods

To record on video tape front, back and side views of the fire front

To analyse sampling images

WP7T2: To carry out field experimental fires ( 1000 à 10000 m²)

To carry out this fires on rectangular plots (width = 20 m) in burning conditions as close as possible to those of the selected scenarios

To observe and record the fire behaviour and the characteristics of the fire front, embers and ashes in conditions as close as possible to laboratory ones including the constraints due to the devices and safety rules.

Fire Star presentation

Return to Organisation


Organisation of the project wp8

WP8: Fire Star achievements dissemination and technological implementation plan (MTDA)

WP8T1: To create and up-date the Fire Star web site (eufirestar.org)

WP8T2: To train the end-users of Fire Star system

Instruction manual

Basic principles of methods and models

Guidelines for managing wildland fuel in the interface

Guidelines for estimating wildland fire hazards in the interface

WP8T3: To implement the technological plan

To evaluate the costs for analysing new cases or answering to specific requirements

To specify the content of the delivery of services: to describe the wildland fuel, to characterise the exposed targets, to fix the conditions of the wildland fire (meteorological, moisture content,…), to elaborate the input files for the models of behaviour and impacts of the wildland fire, to run numerical simulations, to collect and analyse the results

Organisation of the project : WP8

Fire Star presentation

Return to Organisation


Content of the english version

WP3: To elaborate Fire Star system

WP6: To describe and model the wildland fuel

WP4: To model the behaviour and the impacts of a wildland fire

WP2: To specify the end-users requirements and needs

WP5 : To experiment for improving the models

WP7: To carry out experimental fires for validating the models

WP8: To disseminate the achievements

Fire Star presentation

Return to Organisation


Working plan

Working plan

Fire Star presentation

Return to Organisation


Fire star consortium

INRA-AVI

ONF-PACA

ARMINES

MTDA

ERT-IUSTI

CSTB-SF

INIA-CIFOR

CIF-L

UC3M-IR

UC-NSW

LANL-EESD USFS-RMRS

VTT-FR

IST-DEM

UTAD-DF

Fire Star Consortium

Fire Star presentation


Consortium members 1 2

Consortium members (1/2)

  • INRA : Sophie Modeste, Jean-Charles Valette, Yves Caraglio, Mathide Cohen François Courbet, Philippe Dreyfus, Jean-Luc Dupuy, Michel Etienne, Jean-Claude Macari, Joël Marechal, Claude Moro, Philippe Petit, Annabel Porté, Denis Portier, Eric Rigolot, Philippe Vachet, Bernard Lambert

  • ONF-PACA, Yvon Duche

  • ARMINES-CINDY, Franck Guarnieri, Aldo Napoli, Eric Rigaud,Samuel Olampi

  • MTDA, Daniel Alexandrian

  • ERT-UP-IUSTI, Michel Larini, Jacques Henri Balbi, Philippe Bournot, Philippe Caminat, Georges Le Palec, Frédéric Morandini, Dominique Morvan, Paul-Antoine Santoni, Albert Siméoni

  • LANL-EESD, Rodman Linn, Manvendra Dubey, Jon Reisner

  • CSTB-SF, Michel Curtat, Xavier Bodart

Fire Star presentation


Consortium members 2 2

Consortium members (2/2)

  • VTT-FR, Esko Mikkola, Tuomas Paloposki, Tuula Hakkarainen

  • INIA-CIFOR, Mercedes Guijarro, Carmen Hernando

  • XG-CIFL, José-Antonio Vega, Pedro Cuiñas, Maria-Teresa Fonturbel, Pedro Pérez-Gorotstiaga

  • UC3M-LIR, Fernando Lopez-Martinez, José-Manuel Aranda, Susana Briz, Antonio De Castro, Juan Melendez

  • IST-DEM, João Ventura, José-Miguel Mendes-Lopes

  • UTAD-DF, Herminio Botelho, Paulo Fernandes, Carlos Loureiro, Luis Ruas, Carlos Pereira

  • UC-NSW, Wendy Catchpole, Edward Catchpole

  • USFS-RMRS, Bret Butler, Carl Edminster

Fire Star presentation

Return to Content


International advisory committee of fire star

International Advisory Committee of Fire Star

  • Panayotis Balatsos, Directorate of Forest Protection, General Secretariat for Forests and Natural Environment, Athens, Greece

  • José Carlos Costas-Lopez, Galician Government, Ministry of Environment, Sub-directorate for Wildland Fire Protection, Santiago de Compostela, Spain

  • Louis Michel Duhen, Regional Centre for Private Forestry, Marseille, France

  • Tomas Fernandez Couto, Galician Government, Forest General Directorate, Santiago de Compostela, Spain

  • Alain Jardinet, Fire Fighting Department, Wildland Fire Prevention, Nice, France

  • John McIntire, Fire Fighting Department, Wildland Fire Prevention, Los Angeles, CA, USA

  • Carlos Pereira, Fire Fighting Department, Wildland Fire Prevention, Porto, Portugal

  • Jean-Yves Perez, Fire Fighting Department, Wildland Fire Prevention, Mont de Marsan, France

  • Jean-Louis Roussel, Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery, Directorate for Forested and Natural Areas, Paris, France

  • Ricardo VELEZ, Ministry of Environment, General Directorate for Nature Conservation, General Directorate for Wildland Fire Prevention, Madrid, Spain

Fire Star presentation

Return to Content


Some complementary information

Some complementary information

  • Duration: 36 months, January 2002 to March 2005

  • Starting date: January 2nd, 2002

  • Eligible costs: 2 859 375 EUR

  • Contribution of the European Commission: 1 463 878 EUR

  • Meetings

    • inaugural, February 21 to 23 2002, Sophia Antipolis, France

    • first six-monthly: July 5 to 6 2002, Madrid, Spain

    • second six-monthly: November 2002, Lisbon, Portugal

    • mid-term assessment: June 2003, Marseille, France

    • fourth six-monthly: December 2003, Pontevedra, Spain

    • fifth six-monthly: June 2004, Vila Real, Portugal

    • Conclusive symposium: March 2005, Marseille, France

Fire Star presentation

Return to Content


Fire star the end

Fire Star:The end

Fire Star presentation


  • Login