ancient mesopotamia
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Ancient Mesopotamia

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 34

Ancient Mesopotamia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 259 Views
  • Uploaded on

Ancient Mesopotamia. Geography. Land Between 2 Rivers. Tigris and Euphrates rivers are in SW Asia= Middle East S tart in mts. of Turkey SE through Iraq to Persian Gulf Region is called Mesopotamia, “land between the rivers” P rovided water and a way to travel. Fertile Soil.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Ancient Mesopotamia' - abra


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
land between 2 rivers
Land Between 2 Rivers
  • Tigris and Euphrates rivers are in SW Asia= Middle East
    • Start in mts. of Turkey
    • SE through Iraq to Persian Gulf
  • Region is called Mesopotamia, “land between the rivers”
    • Provided water and a way to travel
fertile soil
Fertile Soil
  • Rain and melting snow swelled rivers
    • Overflowing onto floodplain
    • Depositing fine soil= land fertile
      • Good for crops
climate
Climate
  • Semi Arid climate—hot summers, less than 10” of annual rainfall
  • Crops grew b/c of fertile soil= rivers
  • Farming villages in S Mesopotamia by 4000 B.C.
floods and droughts
Floods and Droughts
  • Annual floods= unpredictable
    • Sometime between April and June
    • Didn’t know when to plant or how big flood would be
  • Droughts= lowered river levels
    • Hard to water crops; ppl starved if crops failed
irrigation
Irrigation
  • 6000 B.C., irrigation canals carried water from rivers to fields
  • Built dams to block floodwaters
finding resources
Finding Resources
  • Mud Houses and Walls
    • Lacked building materials
  • Few natural barriers= easy to invade
    • Other ppl often stole from or conquered Mesopotamians
    • Built mud walls for protection
finding resources1
Finding Resources
  • Traded their surplus grain for stone, wood, metal
  • Digging canals, building walls, trading were done continuously
    • Leaders organized groups for work
quick review
Quick Review
  • What made Mesopotamia a good region for farming?
  • How did Mesopotamians water their crops during droughts?
  • Why was trade important in Mesopotamia?
activity map of mesopotamia
Activity: Map of Mesopotamia
  • Use the labeled map to label the blank map
  • Label: continents, mts, rivers, seas, city-states, etc…
  • Color in oceans and land and shade in the region of Mesopotamia
ancient mesopotamia1

Ancient Mesopotamia

The First Civilization

culture grows more complex
Culture Grows More Complex
  • Rise of agriculture= villages
  • Villages= city-states
    • Society and culture grew more complex= Civilization
  • 3000 B.C., 1st began in Sumer
    • S Mesopotamia
traits of civilization
Traits of Civilization
  • Advanced Cities
    • Store surplus, trade, many jobs, large temples
  • Specialized Workers—jobs requiring special skills
    • Improve quality of work
  • Ppl must cooperate and organize their society
    • Priests
traits of civilizations
Traits of Civilizations
  • Complex Institutions—religion, gov’t, schools, armies
    • Purpose= help society
  • Record Keeping—societies must keep records
    • World’s first system of writing= Cuneiform
traits of civilizations1
Traits of Civilizations
  • Advanced Technology
    • Canals
    • New tools= bronze
      • Mixture of copper and tin
sumerian city states
Sumerian City States
  • Cities= centers of society, country= ppl lived
    • Cities ruled surrounding lands/villages
  • City-state—self-ruled community
    • Sumer=12 city-states
sumerian city states1
Sumerian City States
  • Slow-growing Sumerian cities had narrow, winding streets
    • Gates let ppl in and out
sumerian city states2
Sumerian City States
  • Most important building= temple
    • Ziggurats
  • Ziggurat was center of city life
    • Controlled stored surplus
  • Priests ended up controlling= Theocracy
social classes
Social Classes
  • Unequal= define who has power
  • King/priests were at top
    • Upper class included landowners, gov’t officials, merchants
  • Most were the in-between class= farmers, artisans
  • Slaves made up lowest class
sumerian religion
Sumerian Religion
  • Polytheism—belief in many gods
    • Created and ruled world
  • Each city-state worshiped own god
    • 1000s of lesser gods
    • Looked and acted like ppl
sumerian religion1
Sumerian Religion
  • Protected against flood, drought, invasion
  • Priests= please gods to protect cities
    • Ppl accepted priest as cities leaders
sumerian religion2
Sumerian Religion
  • Gods= landowners who created humans to work for them
    • Ppl prayed, made offerings, participated in rituals
  • Believed souls of dead—gloomy underworld
    • Hard life made them expect an unhappy afterlife
new leaders
New Leaders
  • City-states were attacked
  • Ppl asked powerful men for protection= Kings
    • Ran city-states full-time
  • 2375 B.C., Ruled by a single king= Monarchy
    • Priests still tried to please gods
quick review1
Quick Review
  • Why was Sumer a good example of civilization?
  • What was life like in Sumerian cities?
  • How did kings take over as rulers of Sumer?
activity create your civilization
Activity: Create Your Civilization
  • Groups of 4, Write up your own civilization
  • Required
    • Location: Where? Size? Geographic features? Climate?
    • Population
    • Development of liberties: freedoms of speech, press, religion, voting rights, etc
    • Development of government to: monarchy, oligarchy, theocracy, republic, etc
    • Religion: monotheistic or polytheistic, give details
    • Tools
    • Social roles and jobs
  • Bonus
    • Write a myth from your civilization
    • Develop the alphabet or other writing system of your civilization
activity create your civilization1
Activity: Create Your Civilization
  • Create a visual displaying characteristics of your civilization on poster board
  • Each requirement= 5 points
  • Bonus= 5 extra points
  • ORGANIZATION MATTERS
  • DEATAILS MATTER

Names

Date

Assignment: Create Your Civ.

Pittlandiya

Location:

Present day Southwestern Pennsylvania, Valley of the Penguin Mountains to the Steeler Gulf, covers an area the size of Rhode Island, etc..

Population:

4,500

building the first empires
Building the First Empires
  • Sumerian city-state kings fought from 3000 to 2000 B.C.
  • Sargon of Akkad created the world’s 1st empire
    • N & S Mesopotamia around 2350 B.C.
    • empire—many different peoples, lands controlled by one ruler
building the first empires1
Building the First Empires
  • Sargonʼs empire= AkkadianEmpire
    • Fertile Crescent
  • Conquests spread Akkadian ideas, culture, writing system
building the first empires2
Building the First Empires
  • Empires encourage trade and may bring peace to their ppls
    • ppl of diff. cultures share ideas, technology, customs
babylonian empire
Babylonian Empire
  • AkkadianEmpire lasted 200 yrs
  • 2000 B.C., Amorites invaded Sumer
    • Babylon= capital
babylonian empire1
Babylonian Empire
  • Trade was critical
    • Natural resources= scarce
    • Agricultural goods=surplus
  • Trading system developed= manufactured goods and raw materials
    • Vital to the economy and the culture
quick review2
Quick Review
  • Who created the world’s first empire? What was it called?
  • What do empires contribute to society?
  • Why was trade so important in the Babylonian Empire?
activity
Activity
  • Use the resource map to answer the following
  • Which materials had to be imported in sea-worthy boats?
  • Which materials could be imported using riverboats?
  • Which materials had to be brought overland?
  • Which materials came from the greatest distances?
  • Which materials would be relatively easy to transport? Relatively difficult?
ad