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مفهوم نظام التشغيل PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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مفهوم نظام التشغيل. نظام التشغيل عبارة عن برنامج يدير عتاديات الحاسب Hard Ware و يوفر أساسات البرامج التطبيقية . يؤدي دور الوسيط بين مستخدم الحاسب وعتاديات الحاسب Hard Ware.

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مفهوم نظام التشغيل

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Hard Ware .

Hard Ware

  • Hard Ware Soft Ware .


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console operator. assemblers linkers .

batch systems jobs resident . . / .


multi-programming. .

time-sharing. ( 1 ) .


mainframe . . .


. .

. . .



1942 . .

1943 COLOSSUS "" .

1946 ENIAC "" .


IBM 1951 IBM701. 1951 UNIVAC1 . UNIVAC1 .

1959 . .

1964 . .


IBM 1964 System/360 .

1965 DEC Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-8. . .


1969 AT&T Bell UNIX. UNIX . . .

IBM 1974 MVS.

Multiple Virtual Storage (MVS ) IBM .


1978 . .

1980 Xenix. UNIX Xenix .


1991 Windows NT . "" IBM OS/2 Windows NT. NT .

1997 Apple Mac OS/8.

2000 "" Windows 2000.

2001 Apple Mac OS/X.

2002 "" Windows XP.


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