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THEME ONE: IDEAS AND INSPIRATIONS. UNIT ONE: THE RENASSIANCE. DEFINITIONS. LOOKING BACK . Middle Ages- A period of time from 300-1500 Ruled by Kings, Lords, and the Church Very few were educated Disease (Black Death) killed 1/3 of Europe

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THEME ONE: IDEAS AND

INSPIRATIONS

UNIT ONE: THE RENASSIANCE



Looking back
LOOKING BACK

  • Middle Ages- A period of time from 300-1500

  • Ruled by Kings, Lords, and the Church

  • Very few were educated

  • Disease (Black Death) killed 1/3 of Europe

  • The poor (peasants and serfs) could not improve their life in any way!

  • But then…..

NO PROGRESS WAS MADE!


…The Renaissance!

  • Renaissance- Rebirth or looking back to Roman and Greek ideas and ways of life.

  • It started in Italy

  • An emphasis on learning and education!

  • WHY DID IT START IN ITALY?

  • No single ruler or king. The cities governed themselves and used mercenaries for defense!

  • 1. Milan

  • 2. Venice

  • 3. Florence

  • Urban Society

  • Secular

  • Trade flourished in the cities.


Influencial people and italian wars
INFLUENCIAL PEOPLE AND ITALIAN WARS

  • Lorenzo de’ Medici- Helped Florence become a cultural center.

  • Francesco Sforza- Created a strong government in Milan.

  • Italian Wars:

    1. 1527

    2. France invades Italy with

    30,000 soldiers

    3. The Italian cities ask Spain to

    help them

    4. The Italian cities never pay the

    Spanish soldiers!!!!!

    RESULT:

    Spanish soldiers invade the cities and Spain has a heavy influence in Italy.

Lorenzo de’ Medici was very influential in supporting the arts and education during the Renaissance.


Renaissance society
RENAISSANCE SOCIETY

  • Social Classes

    1. Nobility

    - Wealthy

    - Govern

    2. Clergy

    3. Peasants and Townspeople

    - 85-90% of the population

    - Working Class

    - Lived a difficult life

  • Family and Marriage

    1. Family

    - Father

    Head of the house hold

    Managed Finances

    Told children when they were adults

    - Mother

    Supervise and take care of the home

    2. Marriage

    - Often arranged!!!!!

    - Dowry

What types of jobs did townspeople do in Renaissance Society?

In your opinion, do you see any reason why arranged marriages would be a good thing? Explain you answer.


Renaissance art
RENAISSANCE ART

Fresco- A painting done on wet plaster with water based paints.

Focused upon:

Three-dimensional style

Human Anatomy (nudes)

An example of a fresco is the Sistine Chapel

Donatello’s David, is an example of the style Renaissance sculptors sought to create.


Renaissance education
RENAISSANCE EDUCATION

Humanism- Study of the classics

  • Petrarch- He was the leader of Humanism during the Renaissance

  • Liberal Studies- Studying a variety subjects

  • Few women were formally educated

  • Christine de Pizan- Women should be and have the ability to learn.

The term classics refers to which two civilizations?

Rome &

Greece

Petrarch


Renaissance literature
RENAISSANCE LITERATURE

Works were written in the vernacular.

Authors and works

Machiavelli- The Prince

A book on how rulers should rule.

Cicero

Virgil- The Aneid

Dante- The Devine Comedy

Chaucer- The Canterbury Tales

The Prince, written by Machiavelli, stated that evil acts were necessary to do govern.


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