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THEME ONE: IDEAS AND INSPIRATIONS. UNIT ONE: THE RENASSIANCE. DEFINITIONS. LOOKING BACK . Middle Ages- A period of time from 300-1500 Ruled by Kings, Lords, and the Church Very few were educated Disease (Black Death) killed 1/3 of Europe

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slide1

THEME ONE: IDEAS AND

INSPIRATIONS

UNIT ONE: THE RENASSIANCE

looking back
LOOKING BACK
  • Middle Ages- A period of time from 300-1500
  • Ruled by Kings, Lords, and the Church
  • Very few were educated
  • Disease (Black Death) killed 1/3 of Europe
  • The poor (peasants and serfs) could not improve their life in any way!
  • But then…..

NO PROGRESS WAS MADE!

slide4

…The Renaissance!

  • Renaissance- Rebirth or looking back to Roman and Greek ideas and ways of life.
  • It started in Italy
  • An emphasis on learning and education!
  • WHY DID IT START IN ITALY?
  • No single ruler or king. The cities governed themselves and used mercenaries for defense!
  • 1. Milan
  • 2. Venice
  • 3. Florence
  • Urban Society
  • Secular
  • Trade flourished in the cities.
influencial people and italian wars
INFLUENCIAL PEOPLE AND ITALIAN WARS
  • Lorenzo de’ Medici- Helped Florence become a cultural center.
  • Francesco Sforza- Created a strong government in Milan.
  • Italian Wars:

1. 1527

2. France invades Italy with

30,000 soldiers

3. The Italian cities ask Spain to

help them

4. The Italian cities never pay the

Spanish soldiers!!!!!

RESULT:

Spanish soldiers invade the cities and Spain has a heavy influence in Italy.

Lorenzo de’ Medici was very influential in supporting the arts and education during the Renaissance.

renaissance society
RENAISSANCE SOCIETY
  • Social Classes

1. Nobility

- Wealthy

- Govern

2. Clergy

3. Peasants and Townspeople

- 85-90% of the population

- Working Class

- Lived a difficult life

  • Family and Marriage

1. Family

- Father

Head of the house hold

Managed Finances

Told children when they were adults

- Mother

Supervise and take care of the home

2. Marriage

- Often arranged!!!!!

- Dowry

What types of jobs did townspeople do in Renaissance Society?

In your opinion, do you see any reason why arranged marriages would be a good thing? Explain you answer.

renaissance art
RENAISSANCE ART

Fresco- A painting done on wet plaster with water based paints.

Focused upon:

Three-dimensional style

Human Anatomy (nudes)

An example of a fresco is the Sistine Chapel

Donatello’s David, is an example of the style Renaissance sculptors sought to create.

renaissance education
RENAISSANCE EDUCATION

Humanism- Study of the classics

  • Petrarch- He was the leader of Humanism during the Renaissance
  • Liberal Studies- Studying a variety subjects
  • Few women were formally educated
  • Christine de Pizan- Women should be and have the ability to learn.

The term classics refers to which two civilizations?

Rome &

Greece

Petrarch

renaissance literature
RENAISSANCE LITERATURE

Works were written in the vernacular.

Authors and works

Machiavelli- The Prince

A book on how rulers should rule.

Cicero

Virgil- The Aneid

Dante- The Devine Comedy

Chaucer- The Canterbury Tales

The Prince, written by Machiavelli, stated that evil acts were necessary to do govern.

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