Elections and voting
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Elections and Voting. Types of Elections. Primary elections – voters decide which of the candidates within a party will represent a party’s ticket in the general election. General election – voters decide which candidates will fill the nations elective public offices.

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Elections and Voting

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Elections and voting

Elections and Voting


Types of elections

Types of Elections

  • Primary elections – voters decide which of the candidates within a party will represent a party’s ticket in the general election.

  • General election – voters decide which candidates will fill the nations elective public offices.

  • Initiative – citizens propose legislation and submit to the state electorate for popular vote, as long as they get a certain number of signatures on a petition supporting the proposal.


Elections and voting

  • Referendum – a state’s legislature submits proposed legislation to the state’s electorate for proposal.

  • Recall – the removal of an incumbent from office by popular vote.

  • Caucus – a closed meeting of party leaders in which they select candidates for office .


Types of primary

Types of Primary

  • Closed – only registered members can vote in this primary.

  • Open – party members, independents and members from another party can vote.

  • Run off – conducted for nomination contests in which no candidate has received a majority. The two candidates polling in the preceding poll are the candidates and the winner is the official party nominee.


Elections and voting

  • Blanket – one can vote for both a Republican candidate and Democratic or any other person for office.

  • Presidential – is used to pick delegates to the presidential nominating convention of the major parties. It is held in some states.

  • Invisible –refers to the efforts of would-be candidates to gather support, raise funds and cultivate the media in the year before the visible primaries for president begin. Essentially, the wealthiest Americans pre-select and pre-determine who the next president will be.


Differences between primaries and caucuses

Differences between primaries and caucuses

  • Primaries are considered democratic in that a party’s members choose candidates for public office; caucuses are undemocratic in that a party’s leaders choose the candidates for public office.

  • Caucuses are closed in that only party members are able to take part; but primaries allow persons who are not party members to be involved in choosing candidates.


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