Chapter 14
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CHAPTER 14. WARRING STATES. 401-256 B.C. LEGALISM. Peace=united, strong Human nature: Selfish. CONFUCIANISM. 5th century B.C. Kong Fuzi , Analects comprehensive. Junzi =gentleman Ren : kindness Li: appropriate behavior Xiao: filial piety. DAOISM. Laozi

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CHAPTER 14

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CHAPTER 14


WARRING STATES

  • 401-256 B.C.


LEGALISM

  • Peace=united, strong

  • Human nature: Selfish


CONFUCIANISM

  • 5th century B.C.

  • Kong Fuzi, Analects

  • comprehensive


  • Junzi=gentleman

  • Ren: kindness

  • Li: appropriate behavior

  • Xiao: filial piety


DAOISM

  • Laozi

  • Reflection, contemplation

  • Intuition=knowledge


QIN

  • Unified

  • Borders

  • Central

  • Roads, weights


EMPEROR

  • Tomb

  • Terracotta warriors


  • 15 years

  • Legacy: empire

  • 20th century


HAN

  • Silk roads

  • Relay race

  • 6 months


  • Most: farms, countryside

  • Silk

    • $


  • Population ++

    • 20 to 60 mil.


  • Male

  • Marriage

  • Women

    • Subordinate


  • Saltpeter

    • Early form gunpowder

  • Paper


  • Greatest historians

  • SimaQian

    • Primary, firsthand


TANG

SONG


AGRICULTURE

  • ++ productivity

  • ??


  • Chang’an

    • 2 mil.

    • 30 sq. m.


  • Cosmopolitan

    • Religion

    • Culture


  • Inventions

    • Paper (Han)

    • Porcelain

      • “china”


TANG TECHNOLOGY

  • Gunpowder

    • Origins, Han

  • Printing


SONG DYNASTY


  • Capital


  • Markets

  • Entertainment


URBANIZATION

  • People, products


ECONOMICS

  • Flying cash

    • ATM

  • Money


  • Industrial revolution?

  • 700 yrs. before West


WOMEN

  • Subordinate


SONG

  • Footbinding

  • Elites

    • Not universal


FOOTBINDING

  • Attractive = physically weak

  • Marriage?


HEIAN japan (700-1100)

  • Literature

    • Tale of Genji

    • The Confessions of Lady Nijo

    • Sex, drinking, gossip


SAMURAI (1100-1600)

  • Feudalism

    • Shoen

      • private estates

  • Nobles

    • And their samurai warriors


  • Mounted warriors


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