The Development and Codification of Religious and Cultural Traditions. A vibrant Hindu Temple. Yahweh’s “Covenant” With His People. Yahweh is the Hebrew name for God. The first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible. The most sacred text in the Jewish religious tradition. The Torah.
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A vibrant Hindu Temple
Yahweh’s “Covenant” With His People
Yahweh is the Hebrew name for God
Look at the various stages of migration the early Hebrews went through due to their monotheistic beliefs…this is the rationale for the covenant and the Hebrews believing they are the “Chosen People” since they endured so much.
Israel was known as Palestine. Palestine’s location along the eastern Mediterranean made it a desirable location.
Many empires wished to control throughout history.
According to Jewish history, this land was the land set aside for them when Abraham made his covenant with God
But since it was desirable, Jews were often subjugated (being under the control of someone else)
Another Impact: The Jewish Diaspora by the Romans
Diaspora comes from the Greek word for scattering or dispersion. A diaspora, often is not by choice, but does lead to cultural diffusion and/or increased discrimination.
Click on the big play button to the right. It will take you to a URL and you will see how the Jews were impacted by the growth of the Roman Empire overtime. Once you are on the site, e sure to click on the yellow blinking arrow to show the movement of the Jews and read the text so you can see the impacts.
Zoroastrianism Temple in Iran (Persia).
Consider the terrain…not easy to access
Christianity: Jesus’ Mission
Agony in the Garden
The original Christians were Jews that saw Jesus as the Messiah (savior) that was spoken of in the Bible. He died so that others may live.
St. Paul’s Impact – Early Spread of Christianity
Christianity spread out of Palestine during the early Roman Empire. Paul the Apostle was credited with this. Many of the Roman Emperors saw Christianity as a threat to their power because some emperors wished to be worshipped as gods. Christians however, worshiped a different God, so many were persecuted for a while in the Roman Empire.
as a result
Painting depicting Emperor Constantine and his co-emperor issuing the edict
Aryan Migration HINDUISM
Rig Veda oldest work.
The Caste System
Developed in order to keep the natives of the Indus (who outnumbered the Aryan invaders) subordinated in lower classes. The Aryans wanted to remain on top of the social structure.
Priests and Scholars
Merchants and artisans
Servants and laborers-
The caste system helped to show where people were in society. It was thought that the caste you were born into was the result of the actions of your past life. Although the body dies, the soul does not and that is what gets reborn. The caste you are born into had certain rules and jobs and therefore you could only associate with the people of your caste. If you followed these rules you would have good karma. Good karma led to your next life being born into a higher caste. This cycle of reincarnation would continue until your soul was reunited with an all knowing spirit. This culmination was called Moksha and it ended the cycle of rebirth
In addition to religious purposes, the caste system served political, economic and social purposes.
ECO: Job Specialization
SOC: Structure and Order
What is the goal of Buddhism?...to reach Nirvana. It is similar to Hindus reaching Moksha. Buddhist reach this goal differently
First they accept the Four Noble Truths
The Four Noble Truths
1. Life means suffering.
2. The origin of suffering is attachment.
3. The cessation of suffering is attainable.
4. The path to the cessation of suffering.
The Fourth Noble Truth is to follow the Eightfold path… and by following it, you reach Nirvana and the cycle of rebirth ends!
Spread of Buddhism and Impact
Based upon the map, how do you think Buddhism spread? Why did it take on different forms?
Buddhism spread by trade. Since it left its place of origin it diffused into areas where there were pre-established religious traditions. It would not be identical to the original form. That is why different sects came about. It has become more popular outside of an India than in India
Way to remember…starts with THE…think THE original teachings of Buddhism
A Buddhist TEMPLE and Altar
5 Principle Relationships
Students taking the civil service test based on Confucianism
The Universe of Opposites:
Find the Balance!
* Earth; Moon
Traditional African Religion
1. Belief in one remote Supreme Being.
2. A world of spirits (good & bad) in all things.
3. Ancestor veneration (worship).
4. Belief in magic and charms.
5.Diviner mediator between the tribe and God.
A Modern Day Diviner…
also known as a Shaman
Japan is located on the “Ring of Fire” which means is part of the Pacific Rim that is frequented with earthquakes, volcanic activity and tsunamis.
It was believed that nature spirits or “kamis” controlled these forces of nature.
There is a deep respect for nature due to the powerful forces at work.
The flag features a red sun on a cool white background. Traditionally seen as the sun goddess
In the 7th century BCE, legend holds she gave birth to its first emperor, Jimmu.
Even today the emperor is known as the "Son of the Sun" and the popular name for the country is "Land of the Rising Sun.”
Torii Gate, Miyajima Island
A Torii is a entrance to a Shinto Shrine. Why is this one in the water?
A Torii gate in the mountains in the midst of snow
Notice the Red Sun on the side of the plane
This is what Islam means!
ISLAM : Submission to the
Will of Allah
A Mosque is a place of Islamic Worship.
Look at the Minarets
They serve a similar purpose to church bells
A muezzin (a chosen person to call people to prayer) would climb up the Minaret and would sing out that it is time to pray. This happens 5 times per day according to the Five Pillars
The Crescent moon and Star is often seen as a symbol of Islam