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Convention Reflection In at least 8 lines respond to the following…. From your groups perspective, how do you feel about the decisions made at the real Convention? In what ways was our class Convention unrealistic? In what ways was it realistic?

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convention reflection in at least 8 lines respond to the following
Convention ReflectionIn at least 8 lines respond to the following…
  • From your groups perspective, how do you feel about the decisions made at the real Convention?
  • In what ways was our class Convention unrealistic? In what ways was it realistic?
  • What social groups do you think made alliances with eachother? Do you think similar alliances were made in real life?
  • Why might it be harder for poorer social groups to unite?
  • Which social groups do you think wanted a strong national government? Why?
  • Which social groups wanted the greatest amount of democracy – power to the people? Which wanted the least?
convention reflection in at least 5 lines respond to the following
Convention Reflection In at least 5 lines respond to the following…
  • In what ways was our class Convention unrealistic? In what ways was it realistic?
  • What social groups do you think made alliances with each other? Do you think similar alliances were made in real life?
  • In real life, how do you think the Constitution dealt with the issues we confronted in our class convention?
i james madison father of the constitution
I. James Madison “Father of the Constitution”
  • 36 year old Madison arrives prepared with many ideas on how to structure a new government
  • His ideas most influential
  • Authors “Federalist Papers”

which argued for a strong

federal government

ii debates over how to structure government
II. Debates over how to structure government
  • Most agreed with Montesquieu (separation of powers – designed to keep any one person from having too much power)
iii how should we be represented
III. How should we be represented?

Big states v. Small states

A - NEW JERSEY Plan – All states equally represented regardless of population

B - VIRGINIA Plan – All states represented according to population

slide7

State Populations ~ Census 1790

1. Virginia 691,737 69

2. Pennsylvania 434,373 43

3. North Carolina 393,751 39

4. Massachusetts 378,787 37

5. New York 340,120 34

6. Maryland 319,728 31

7. South Carolina 249,073 24

8. Connecticut 237,946 23

9. New Jersey 184,139 18

10. New Hampshire 141,885 14

11. Georgia 82,584 8

12. Rhode Island 68,825 6

13. Delaware 59,096 5

slide8

C. The Great Compromise

Why don’t we just compromise?

Developed by Roger Sherman

slide9

(compromise – a settlement in which each side gives up something in order to reach an agreement)

slide10

1 - As a result, today we have a two house

(bi-cameral) legislature (CONGRESS)

House of Representatives

(Virginia Plan)

Senate

(NJ Plan)

slide12

b) House of Representatives

– seats based on state’s population

slide15

State Free Total

Population Population

Virginia 1 455,000 1 692,000

Pennsylvania 2 430,000 2 434,000

Massachusetts 3 378,000 4 378,000

New York 4 318,000 5 340,000

North Carolina 5 293,000 3 393,000

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

slide16

Southern states claimed they “needed” slavery, and wanted to count slaves as part of their population

slide17

North and South compromised by allowing states to count 3/5ths of their slaves as part of their population

video recap
Video Recap!
  • http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/the-constitutional-convention-the-great-compromise.html#lesson
iv slavery question
IV. Slavery Question
  • Some delegates wanted ban slavery
  • Southerners warned this would ruin economy
  • Agreed not to outlaw slave trade for at least 20 years, then Congress could later vote to regulate
  • Fugitive slaves (as property) had to be returned to their masters
slide23

A. The Constitution is then given

to the states for approval

slide26

3. Two groups form

a) The Federalists supported the new Constitution

slide28

Delaware 30 0 12 / 7 / 1787

Pennsylvania 46 23 12 / 12 / 87

New Jersey 38 0 12 / 18 / 87

Georgia 26 0 1 / 2 / 88

Connecticut 128 40 1 / 9 / 88

Massachusetts 187 168 2 / 6 / 88

Maryland 63 11 4 / 28 / 88

South Carolina 149 73 5 / 23 / 88

New Hampshire 57 47 6 / 21 / 88

Virginia 89 79 6 / 25 / 88

New York 30 27 7 / 26 / 88

North Carolina 194 77 11 / 21 / 89

Rhode Island 34 32 5 / 29 /90

slide29

Many people were fearful that a powerful government wouldn’t protect the people

c) The promise of a Bill of Rights convinced many to support the Constitution

what rights do you have
What rights do you have??
  • To say whatever I want, whenever I want?
  • To be searched without a warrant?
  • To practice whatever religion I choose or none at all?
  • To be harmed as a punishment for a crime?

http://www.icivics.org/games

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