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Workshop: Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency! José Roberto A. Igreja

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Workshop: Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency! José Roberto A. Igreja Robert C. Young. Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency!. What´s fluency? How can we define someone who´s fluent in a language?

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Workshop:Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency!

José Roberto A. Igreja

Robert C. Young

helping your students acquire a more native like fluency
Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency!

What´s fluency?

How can we define someone who´s fluent in a language?

Fluent > Dictionary definition:

Able to speak with ease; able to speak a language effortlessly and correctlysource: Encarta on-line dictionary

When a person is fluent, they can speak a language easily, well and quickly

source: Cambridge Advanced Learner´s Dictionary

Being able to interact in a foreign language with native speakers of this language; able to communicate effectively.

helping your students acquire a more native like fluency1
Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency!

Foreign language fluency: the 4 components

  • Reading

> the ability to easily read and understand texts written in the language;

  • Writing

> the ability to formulate written texts in the language;

  • Listening Comprehension

> the ability to follow and understand speech in the language;

  • Speaking

> the ability to produce speech in the language and be understood by its speakers.

helping your students acquire a more native like fluency2
Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency!

What do native speakers of English make use of in their speech when they talk?

  • Slang
  • Colloquial terms
  • Phrasal verbs (present in both formal and informal language)
  • Idioms
  • Present Perfect

>>> Students need to be exposed to real language ...

phrasal verbs always present in everyday language
Phrasal verbs: always present in everyday language!
  • Someone failed to show up for an appointment with you. What did this person do to you?

> stood you up

2. You can´t understand someone because he´s speaking too fast. What do you tell this person to do?

> slow down

3. You are offered a job but you refuse to accept it. What do you do?

> turn it down

4. It´s late at night and you decide to go to bed. What do you decide to do?

> turn in

5. You manage to find the solution to a problem. What do you manage to do?

> figure it out or work it out

phrasal verbs always present in everyday language1
Phrasal verbs: always present in everyday language!

6. You persuade someone to do something for you. What do you do?

> talk him/her into doing something for you

7. You persuade someone not to do something. What do you do?

> talk him/her out of doing it

8. All of a sudden you decide not to do something you had agreed to do. What do you do?

> back out

9. Someone stops talking suddenly or refuses to talk about a subject. What does he or she do?

> clam up

10. You defend or support someone in an argument. What do you do?

> back him/her up

students should also be aware that literal equivalence is not always possible
Students should also be aware that literal equivalence is not always possible ...

“A gota d´água ...

... que faz o balde transbordar”

“The last straw ...

... that breaks the camel´s back”

Um mar de rosas

A bed of roses

helping your students acquire a more native like fluency3
Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency!

Language chunks / Collocations

  • Achados e perdidos
  • quick train; quick food; fast meal; fast shower
  • Natural English: fast train; fast food; quick meal; quick shower
collocations
Collocations
  • Non-fat
  • Skim
  • Condensed
  • Chocolate
  • Whole
  • Steamed
  • Soy
  • A glass of
  • A carton of
  • Low-fat
collocations1
Collocations

> Time What words collocate with “time”?

free timeright on timerun out of timesave timespare timespend some timetake your timetell someone the timetime goes bywaste time

Time flies!!!

collocations2
Collocations

> Pay

pay attentionpay by credit cardpay cashpay interestpay someone a complimentpay someone a visitpay the billpay the pricepay a finepay your respects

Pay through the nose

use of sports idioms in american culture
Use ofsports idioms inAmerican culture

Throw in the towel

boxing

Touch base with

baseball

use of sports idioms in american culture1
Use ofsports idioms inAmerican culture

Tackle a problem

American football

Dive into it

swimming

use of sports idioms in american culture2
Use ofsports idioms inAmerican culture

Pass the baton / Pass the torch

athletics

Shoot

basketball

use of sports idioms in american culture3
Use ofsports idioms inAmerican culture

Down and out (boxing)

Take a rain check (baseball)

Jump the gun (athletics)

Out of my league (baseball)

By a nose (horse racing)

Hole in one (golf)

helping your students acquire a more native like fluency4
Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency!

Practical strategies on how to be more fluent:

a. Watch movies, TV and You Tube and try to model speaking and intonation.

b. Study vocabulary and expressions for specificand real life situations.

c. Find movie scripts on the internet and print them for verbal practice.

d. Get on a chat room.

e. Film yourself and have a native speaking teacher evaluate you if possible.

f. Do response exercises. Write down popular questions or expressions and test yourself to respond quickly and with accurate pronunciation.

variety the more the better
Variety: The more ... the better ...

1. Be very busy

= Have one’s hands full

2. Ready

= All set

3. Disappoint someone

= Let someone down

4. Seriously; really

= No kidding

5. I have no idea

= I don’t have a clue; Beats me!

6. Break into pieces; collapse

= Fall apart

7. Eat some food or a small meal

= Grab a bite to eat

8. Decide

= Make up one’s mind

9. Appear; arrive

= Show up

10. Very tired

= Beat; Bushed

11. Very quickly or soon

= In no time

12. Absolutely not!; definitely not!

= No way!

13. At risk; in danger of being lost

= At stake

14. Full of

= Packed with

15. Provide accommodation for someone

= Put someone up

helping your students acquire a more native like fluency5
Helping your students acquire a more native-like fluency!

Formal X Informal Language: two sides of the same coin!

Que odor desagradável

= Puta catinga/fedô!

Essential measures should be undertaken at the earliest opportunity.

You should do whatever you have to as soon as you can.

Prior to the discovery of America, potatoes were not consumed in Europe.

Before they discovered America, Europeans didn\'t eat potatoes

formal x informal language two sides of the same coin
Formal X Informal Language: two sides of the same coin!

The situation and the people we are talking to set the level of language formality or informality ...

Students need to be exposed to both ...

In everyday speech, informal language prevails ...

tour of the book
Tour of the book

Fale Inglês como um Americano

by José Roberto A. Igreja and

Robert C. Young

Disal Editora - 2010

tour of the book overview
Stats on the book:

222 pages

30 dialogues

30 illustrations

A set of exercises after each dialogue

3 review units: extra exercises

Answer key

1 CD = 30 dialogues

Tour of the book - Overview

Fale Inglês como um Americano

by José Roberto A. Igreja and

Robert C. Young

Disal Editora - 2010

tour of the book6
Tour of the book

> 3 Review units: after every 10 units

tour of the book7
Tour of the book
variety the more the better1
Variety: The more ... The better ...

16. Frighten; scare

= Spook

17. Do something before it should be done, before considering the situation carefully

= Rush into things

18. Go ahead and start talking

= Shoot!

19. Nice meeting you too!

= Same here!

20. Very well dressed

= Dressed to kill

21. Pay for something

= Pick up the tab

22. Very rarely; hardly ever

= Once in a blue moon

23. Choose something; make a choice

= Take one´s pick

24. Use your influence to get something

= Pull strings

25. Enjoy something greatly

= Get a kick out of something

26. Nervous and easily upset

= On edge

27. Someone who is not drinking any alcohol anymore

= On the wagon

28. Show one´s feelings openly

= Wear one´s heart on one´s sleeve

29. Remind one of something; seem familiar

= Ring a bell

30. Postpone until a later time

= Take a rain check

what s the idiom behind the picture
What´s the idiom behind the picture?

The tip of the iceberg: A small part of something much larger

The first politician found guilty is just thetip of the iceberg. Many more will fall afterwards.

what s the idiom behind the picture1
What´s the idiom behind the picture?

Kill time: spend time doing something while waiting to do something else

“We have an hour to kill before the movie starts. Let´s go get something to eat.”, Luke told his friends.

what s the idiom behind the picture2
Give someone the red carpet treatment: treat someone in a special way

After winning the contest Cindy was given the red carpettreatment at a five star hotel for a week.

Laugh one´s head off: laugh very much and very loudly.

Jack laughed his head off when he saw Mike imitating their friend Bob.

What´s the idiom behind the picture?
what s the idiom behind the picture3
Chicken out: be afraid to do something

Mary chickened out of the climb when she saw how high the cliff was.

Sit on the fence:not to take sides in a dispute

You´ll have to take sides. You can just sit on the fence anymore!

What´s the idiom behind the picture?
what s the idiom behind the picture4
Break the ice: initiate conversation; get something started

“What do you do for a living?”, Neil asked the girl he had been introduced to, to break the ice.

What´s the idiom behind the picture?
what s the idiom behind the picture5
What´s the idiom behind the picture?

Couch potato: someone who is not very active

and spends a lot of time watching t.v.

Many children are becoming couch potatoes from playing video games all day long.

wrapping up
Wrapping up

To receive this powerpoint presentation by e-mail ...

José Roberto A. Igreja

[email protected]

Robert C. Young

[email protected]

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