What’s the difference?. “There is a quiz tomorrow.” Mr. Ellis said that there is a quiz tomorrow. 1. Which of these is a direct / indirect statement? 2. How would you characterize an Indirect Statement?. When is a Statement Indirect?.
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1. Which of these is a direct / indirect statement?
2. How would you characterize an Indirect Statement?
Indirect Statement occurs when the speaker or writer of a sentence reports what they or another person said, saw, thought, or perceived in any way--without directly quoting that person said, saw, thought, or perceived.
The verb of perception or saying conjugates just like any verb.
The ‘subject’ or ‘doer’ of the action indirectly being reported goes into the ACCUSATIVE case.
The ‘verb’ or action being indirectly reported becomes an INFINITIVE.
Ex 1: Marcus said that his father was working.
Marcus dixit patrem laborare.
Note that patrem (the ‘subject of the indirect statement) is in the Accusative case where as ‘working’ becomes an infinitive because it is the reported action. “Dixit” declines because it is the action of the sentence (or the main verb)
21. video (that)
S/he heard that the Trojans were arriving.
‘Trojanos’ is the Accusative SUBJECT of an indirect statement. You should almost always try to get a ‘THAT’ into your translation of an indirect statement.
Perfect Infinitives happened before the main verb.
Present Infinitives happen at the same time as the main verb.
Future Infinitives happen subsequent the main verb.