Personal protective equipment. FO3 Adrian D Quilang.
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FO3 Adrian D Quilang
Firefighters require the BEST personal protective equipment available because of the hostile environment in which they perform their duties. Providing and using quality protective equipment will not necessarily guarantee firefighter safety but injuries can be reduced and prevented if protective ensembles and breathing apparatus are properly maintained and used properly.introduction
Prevents the head from impact and puncture injuries as well as from scalding water. This is the first concern of firefighters. Also referred to as helmet.Head protection
Benefits of the Head Protection
Limits noise-induced damage to the firefighter’s ears when loud noise situations cannot be avoidedHearing protection
Provides protection of the firefighter’s neck, ears and face not covered by helmet or coat from exposure to extreme heatProtective Hoods
Used to protect the upper and lower extremities (trunks and limbs) against cuts, abrasions, and burn injuries resulting from radiant heat and provides limited protection against corrosive liquidsProtective Coats and Trousers
There are no difference to both components for protection except that the protective coats are for upper extremities and protective trousers are for lower extremities.Protective Coats and Trousers
Protect the feet from burn injuries and puncture wounds. Also called Safety Shoes and BootsFeet Protection
Protects the hands from cuts, abrasions, wounds, and burn injuries. Must have enough dexterity (handiness) for proper fit to the wearer.Hand Protection
Provides life-safety protection by emitting a loud shriek if the firefighter should collapse or remain motionless for approximately 30 seconds. Newer types of PASS are attached to the SCBA Harness Assembly.
This is also called Personal Alert Device (PAD)Personal Alert Safety System
Health Hazards in the workplace are a major concern for both employers and employees. It is important, though, to remember that hazardous materials only present a health hazard when they come into contact with your body.SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS
Hazardous materials can enter your body in three ways:
Of the three ways that hazardous materials can enter your body, inhalation is the most common route of exposure for most materials which are health hazards. This includes breathing in dust, fumes, oil mist, and vapors from solvents and various gases.SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS
Inhaling hazardous materials damages the delicate structure of your lungs. Lungs that have been damaged are more susceptible to respiratory diseases. These diseases often cannot be cured, and eventually lead to death. In short, respiratory protection is serious business.
The lungs and respiratory tract are more vulnerable to injury than any other body areas, and the gases encountered in fires are, for the most part, dangerous in one way or another. It is a general rule that we should not enter any potential toxic atmosphere or any hazardous condition unless equipped with a protective breathing apparatus.
Occurs when the combustion process consumes oxygen while producing toxic gases that either physically displace oxygen or dilutes its concentration. When below 18 percent, the human body responds by increasing its respiratory rate. Oxygen deficiency occurs in below-grade locations, chemical storage tanks, grain bins, silos and other confined spaces. Another is total-flooding carbon dioxide extinguishing system after discharge.
Is the suspension of small particles of carbon, tar, and dust floating in the combination of heated gases. Some of the suspended particles are irritating, but others may be lethal. The darker the smoke, the higher carbon monoxide level.
Toxic Atmospheres Not Associated with Fires
Are most likely can be found at highly industrialized processes that uses extremely dangerous chemicals. This does not necessarily mean only at those areas but another from leakage upon / during transportation of highly dangerous/hazardous chemicals
Are caused by exposure to heated air can damage the respiratory tract, and if air is moist, the damage can be much worse. Excessive heat taken quickly into the lungs can cause decrease in blood pressure and circulatory system failure. Inhaling heated gases can cause pulmonary edema (accumulation of fluids in the lungs and associated swelling) can cause death by asphyxiation
Protective breathing apparatus is extremely crucial to the well-being of a firefighter. Failure to use this equipment could lead to failed rescue attempts, firefighter injuries, or worst – fatalities.
A well trained firefighter should be knowledgeable of respiratory hazards, the requirements for wearing protective breathing apparatus, the procedures for donning or doffing the apparatus, and the proper care and maintenance of the equipment. The basic misconception of the SCBA is that its content is not oxygen but compressed air (open-circuit) or liquid oxygen (closed-circuit)SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS
SCBA protects the face and lungs from toxic smoke and gases, and other products of combustionSELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS
Several factors affect the firefighter’s ability to use SCBA effectively. These factors include physical, medical and mental limitations.