Dwight d eisenhower ike background and election 1952
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Dwight D. Eisenhower (Ike) Background and Election (1952). Trained Soldiers in WWI Africa / WWII Chief of Staff Columbia University Supreme Allied Commander Ike and Nixon (VP) Likable and “attack dog” Nixon – diplomacy throughout world VS. “Egghead” of Illinois, Adlai Stevenson.

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Dwight D. Eisenhower (Ike) Background and Election (1952)

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Dwight D. Eisenhower (Ike) Background and Election (1952)

  • Trained Soldiers in WWI

  • Africa / WWII

  • Chief of Staff

  • Columbia University

  • Supreme Allied Commander

  • Ike and Nixon (VP)

    • Likable and “attack dog”

    • Nixon – diplomacy throughout world

      VS.

  • “Egghead” of Illinois, Adlai Stevenson


Eisenhower’s Platform:

  • Strengthen US position – containment wasn’t working (Dems too soft)

  • Korean “mess” needs to be ended

  • Use business principles to reduce

    waste (reduce Gov Spending)

  • Cut taxes

  • Expand Social Security by 10 million people

  • Quest for International Peace

  • Landslide over Stevenson by 7 million votes, 442-89


Ike’s Style

  • Both business-like and military style

  • Sec State John Foster Dulles brought experience and conviction

    • Diplomat since 1907, served under Wilson at Versailles

    • aggressive: containment not enough

    • develop atomic capability as deterrence

  • promise of a "rollback" of communist power proved to be a hollow one.

    • Neither in East Germany (1953)

    • Hungary (1956)

  • Believed in combining financial prudence with a deterrent of nuclear weapons.


  • “Dynamic conservative” approach is not as conservative nor as liberal as some wish

    Liberals like that Ike does these things:

    • Created Dept of Health, Education, Welfare

    • Appoints 2nd woman cabinet Sec in OvetaHobby

    • St. Lawrence Seaway creates public power like TVA

    • Supported some federal support of education

    • Expands Social Security

    • Revised min. wage upward


    Dynamic Conservatism

    • Supported Civil Rights Act 1957 to guarantee political/social equality

      • yet “doesn’t get civil rights”

    • Appointed Earl Warren (CA gov.) as Chief Justice to Supreme Court…a liberal court develops

    • Supported but failed to get more public housing

    • Extends price supports and “soil bank” to farmers who struggle; paid not to cultivate land in some cases


    Dynamic conservatism

    Raised gas taxes to build the Federal Interstate system:

    Longest Interstate Routes:

    • I-90 :Seattle, WA to Boston, MA 3,020.54 miles

    • I-80 :San Francisco, CA to Teaneck, NJ 2,899.54 miles

    • I-40 :Barstow, CA to Wilmington, NC 2,555.40 miles

    Largest public works project ever built in US


    Daily Impact of Cold War on American life


    The Red Scare: The Hollywood 10

    • 10 producers, writers, and directors who had been or were Communist Party members

    • Refused to testify

    • 1st amendment

      • Eventually went to prison

    • Blacklist or name names


    Whittaker Chambers (journalist) said Alger Hiss was passing secret documents

    Nixon

    Pumpkin papers

    “there was a need to clean house”

    Loyalty oaths

    Anti-homosexual rules

    Teachers

    HUAC (House Committee on Un-American Activities)


    The Red Scare: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

    • US was looking for suspects

    • Soviet Union just detonated its first bomb

    • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were arrested and executed for giving bomb secrets


    Joseph McCarthy(ism)

    • Ever changing undisclosed list of communists working in the government (Wheeling WV)

    • Part of the larger criticism of Truman’s government and reflected world happenings (China)

    • Demagogue – people followed him

    • Korea, Soviets

      • (A-Bomb, Hydrogen Bomb)

    • Exemplifies how “broader executive authority was necessary to protect national security” (Gerstle)

    • Army McCarthy Hearings

      • 4-5:30 mins

      • 7:30-9:40


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