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Dwight D. Eisenhower (Ike) Background and Election (1952). Trained Soldiers in WWI Africa / WWII Chief of Staff Columbia University Supreme Allied Commander Ike and Nixon (VP) Likable and “attack dog” Nixon – diplomacy throughout world VS. “Egghead” of Illinois, Adlai Stevenson.

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dwight d eisenhower ike background and election 1952
Dwight D. Eisenhower (Ike) Background and Election (1952)
  • Trained Soldiers in WWI
  • Africa / WWII
  • Chief of Staff
  • Columbia University
  • Supreme Allied Commander
  • Ike and Nixon (VP)
    • Likable and “attack dog”
    • Nixon – diplomacy throughout world

VS.

  • “Egghead” of Illinois, Adlai Stevenson
eisenhower s platform
Eisenhower’s Platform:
  • Strengthen US position – containment wasn’t working (Dems too soft)
  • Korean “mess” needs to be ended
  • Use business principles to reduce

waste (reduce Gov Spending)

  • Cut taxes
  • Expand Social Security by 10 million people
  • Quest for International Peace
  • Landslide over Stevenson by 7 million votes, 442-89
ike s style
Ike’s Style
  • Both business-like and military style
  • Sec State John Foster Dulles brought experience and conviction
      • Diplomat since 1907, served under Wilson at Versailles
      • aggressive: containment not enough
      • develop atomic capability as deterrence
  • promise of a "rollback" of communist power proved to be a hollow one.
      • Neither in East Germany (1953)
      • Hungary (1956)
  • Believed in combining financial prudence with a deterrent of nuclear weapons.
dynamic conservative approach is not as conservative nor as liberal as some wish
“Dynamic conservative” approach is not as conservative nor as liberal as some wish

Liberals like that Ike does these things:

  • Created Dept of Health, Education, Welfare
  • Appoints 2nd woman cabinet Sec in OvetaHobby
  • St. Lawrence Seaway creates public power like TVA
  • Supported some federal support of education
  • Expands Social Security
  • Revised min. wage upward
dynamic conservatism
Dynamic Conservatism
  • Supported Civil Rights Act 1957 to guarantee political/social equality
    • yet “doesn’t get civil rights”
  • Appointed Earl Warren (CA gov.) as Chief Justice to Supreme Court…a liberal court develops
  • Supported but failed to get more public housing
  • Extends price supports and “soil bank” to farmers who struggle; paid not to cultivate land in some cases
dynamic conservatism1
Dynamic conservatism

Raised gas taxes to build the Federal Interstate system:

Longest Interstate Routes:

  • I-90 :Seattle, WA to Boston, MA 3,020.54 miles
  • I-80 :San Francisco, CA to Teaneck, NJ 2,899.54 miles
  • I-40 :Barstow, CA to Wilmington, NC 2,555.40 miles

Largest public works project ever built in US

the red scare the hollywood 10
The Red Scare: The Hollywood 10
  • 10 producers, writers, and directors who had been or were Communist Party members
  • Refused to testify
  • 1st amendment
    • Eventually went to prison
  • Blacklist or name names
huac house committee on un american activities
Whittaker Chambers (journalist) said Alger Hiss was passing secret documents

Nixon

Pumpkin papers

“there was a need to clean house”

Loyalty oaths

Anti-homosexual rules

Teachers

HUAC (House Committee on Un-American Activities)
the red scare julius and ethel rosenberg
The Red Scare: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
  • US was looking for suspects
  • Soviet Union just detonated its first bomb
  • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were arrested and executed for giving bomb secrets
joseph mccarthy ism
Joseph McCarthy(ism)
  • Ever changing undisclosed list of communists working in the government (Wheeling WV)
  • Part of the larger criticism of Truman’s government and reflected world happenings (China)
  • Demagogue – people followed him
  • Korea, Soviets
    • (A-Bomb, Hydrogen Bomb)
  • Exemplifies how “broader executive authority was necessary to protect national security” (Gerstle)
  • Army McCarthy Hearings
    • 4-5:30 mins
    • 7:30-9:40
ad