Dwight d eisenhower ike background and election 1952
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Dwight D. Eisenhower (Ike) Background and Election (1952). Trained Soldiers in WWI Africa / WWII Chief of Staff Columbia University Supreme Allied Commander Ike and Nixon (VP) Likable and “attack dog” Nixon – diplomacy throughout world VS. “Egghead” of Illinois, Adlai Stevenson.

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Dwight D. Eisenhower (Ike) Background and Election (1952)

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Dwight d eisenhower ike background and election 1952

Dwight D. Eisenhower (Ike) Background and Election (1952)

  • Trained Soldiers in WWI

  • Africa / WWII

  • Chief of Staff

  • Columbia University

  • Supreme Allied Commander

  • Ike and Nixon (VP)

    • Likable and “attack dog”

    • Nixon – diplomacy throughout world

      VS.

  • “Egghead” of Illinois, Adlai Stevenson


Eisenhower s platform

Eisenhower’s Platform:

  • Strengthen US position – containment wasn’t working (Dems too soft)

  • Korean “mess” needs to be ended

  • Use business principles to reduce

    waste (reduce Gov Spending)

  • Cut taxes

  • Expand Social Security by 10 million people

  • Quest for International Peace

  • Landslide over Stevenson by 7 million votes, 442-89


Ike s style

Ike’s Style

  • Both business-like and military style

  • Sec State John Foster Dulles brought experience and conviction

    • Diplomat since 1907, served under Wilson at Versailles

    • aggressive: containment not enough

    • develop atomic capability as deterrence

  • promise of a "rollback" of communist power proved to be a hollow one.

    • Neither in East Germany (1953)

    • Hungary (1956)

  • Believed in combining financial prudence with a deterrent of nuclear weapons.


  • Dynamic conservative approach is not as conservative nor as liberal as some wish

    “Dynamic conservative” approach is not as conservative nor as liberal as some wish

    Liberals like that Ike does these things:

    • Created Dept of Health, Education, Welfare

    • Appoints 2nd woman cabinet Sec in OvetaHobby

    • St. Lawrence Seaway creates public power like TVA

    • Supported some federal support of education

    • Expands Social Security

    • Revised min. wage upward


    Dynamic conservatism

    Dynamic Conservatism

    • Supported Civil Rights Act 1957 to guarantee political/social equality

      • yet “doesn’t get civil rights”

    • Appointed Earl Warren (CA gov.) as Chief Justice to Supreme Court…a liberal court develops

    • Supported but failed to get more public housing

    • Extends price supports and “soil bank” to farmers who struggle; paid not to cultivate land in some cases


    Dynamic conservatism1

    Dynamic conservatism

    Raised gas taxes to build the Federal Interstate system:

    Longest Interstate Routes:

    • I-90 :Seattle, WA to Boston, MA 3,020.54 miles

    • I-80 :San Francisco, CA to Teaneck, NJ 2,899.54 miles

    • I-40 :Barstow, CA to Wilmington, NC 2,555.40 miles

    Largest public works project ever built in US


    Daily impact of cold war on american life

    Daily Impact of Cold War on American life


    The red scare the hollywood 10

    The Red Scare: The Hollywood 10

    • 10 producers, writers, and directors who had been or were Communist Party members

    • Refused to testify

    • 1st amendment

      • Eventually went to prison

    • Blacklist or name names


    Huac house committee on un american activities

    Whittaker Chambers (journalist) said Alger Hiss was passing secret documents

    Nixon

    Pumpkin papers

    “there was a need to clean house”

    Loyalty oaths

    Anti-homosexual rules

    Teachers

    HUAC (House Committee on Un-American Activities)


    The red scare julius and ethel rosenberg

    The Red Scare: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

    • US was looking for suspects

    • Soviet Union just detonated its first bomb

    • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were arrested and executed for giving bomb secrets


    Joseph mccarthy ism

    Joseph McCarthy(ism)

    • Ever changing undisclosed list of communists working in the government (Wheeling WV)

    • Part of the larger criticism of Truman’s government and reflected world happenings (China)

    • Demagogue – people followed him

    • Korea, Soviets

      • (A-Bomb, Hydrogen Bomb)

    • Exemplifies how “broader executive authority was necessary to protect national security” (Gerstle)

    • Army McCarthy Hearings

      • 4-5:30 mins

      • 7:30-9:40


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