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Ecuador - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ecuador. It’s in the middle. The Geography. Area: 276,840 sq. km, or about the size of the state of Colorado Made up four different geographical locations: The Andes Mountain The Coast The Amazon The Galapagos Island Large Cities Quito- Capital, located in the Andes mountains

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It’s in the middle.

The geography

The Geography

  • Area:

    • 276,840 sq. km, or about the size of the state of Colorado

  • Made up four different geographical locations:

    • The Andes Mountain

    • The Coast

    • The Amazon

    • The Galapagos Island

  • Large Cities

    • Quito- Capital, located in the Andes mountains

    • Guayaquil- largest city, located on the coast

The people

The people

  • Population-

    • almost 14 million

  • People Groups

    • Indigenous- 6.8%,

    • Mestizo -77.4%,

    • Caucasian & others- 10.8%,

    • African 4.9%.

  • Languages

    • Spanish

    • Quichua

    • Shuar

  • Religion

    • Roman Catholic- 95%

Traditional dress of a Quichua woman

The government

The government

  • Form of government

    • Republic

  • Voting

    • Obligatory for adults 18-65 years

  • President

    • Rafael Correa 2007- Present

  • Vice President

    • Lenin Moreno 2007- Present

1954 picture of the Plaza de Independencia in Quito where the government branches are housed

The economy

The economy

  • Per Capita GDP

    • $3,670- 2008

    • $3,366- 2007

    • $3,115- 2006

  • National Exports

    • Petroleum, Bananas, Shrimp, Flowers,

  • Natural Resources

    • Petroleum, Fish, Shrimp, Timber, Gold.

  • Currency

    • U.S. Dollar

The history

The history

  • Flourishing advanced indigenous cultures were conquered by the Inca Empire in the 15th century.

  • 1534- Arrival of Spanish and conquering of Incan Empire

  • 1563- Quito becomes seat of a royal "audiencia" (administrative district) of Spain.

Ancient ruins of Ingapirca, an indigenous civilization, taken over by the Incas and eventually the Spanish conquistadors.

The history continued

The history -continued

  • 1882- Ecuador wins independence from Spain

  • 1830- Ecuador becomes separate republic after 8 years in Simon Bolivar’s Republic of Gran Colombia

  • 19th century- marked by instability, with a rapid succession of rulers. The conservative Gabriel Garcia Moreno unified the country in the

  • 1860s- unification under Gabriel Garcia Moreno with the support of the Catholic Church.

  • Late 1800s- world demand for cocoa tied economy to commodity exports and led migrations from the highlands to the agricultural frontier on the coast.

Spanish Revolutionary SimónBolivar

Galapagos islands

Galapagos Islands

  • A small island 1,000 km off the pacific coast of Ecuador

  • Convergence point of several ocean currents, creating a unique environment for animals, flora, and fauna

  • Made up of 13 large island, 6 smaller ones and over 40 inlets

  • Made famous by Charles Darwin and its role in his Origin of the Species

  • Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO

While we see a giant turtle, to a local, this is a “galapagos.”

Galapagos islands wildlife

Galapagos Islands- Wildlife

  • 50% of the birds, 32% of the plants 25% of the fish, as well as many of the invertebrates are unique only to the Galapagos

  • Animals found on the islands include:

    • marine and land iguanas

    • lava lizards

    • more than 13 species of varying finches and and flightless cormorants,

    • small penguins

    • flamingos

    • albatrosses

    • boobies- red footed, white footed and blue footed

World Famous Blue Footed Boobie

Galapagos marine iguanas

Galapagos- Marine iguanas

  • The Galapagos are home to the world’s only sea faring iguana. Click on the play button to watch a short video on these extraordinary creatures!

Simply double click on the video to play!

Question 1

Question #1

What is the currency of Ecuador?

A. The Peso

B. The Quetzal

C. The Euro

D. The Dollar

Question 2

Question #2

  • What is the dominant religion in Ecuador?

    A. Islam

    B. Roman Catholicism

    C. Christianity

    D. None of the Above

Question 3

Question #3

  • What is the name of the large “turtles” found on the Ecuadorian Islands?

    A. Galapagos

    B. Giant Turtles

    C. Blue Footed Boobies

    D. Albatrosses

Question 4

Question #4

  • Which is the following is NOT a dominant language in Ecuador?

    A. Quichua

    B. Spanish

    C. Shuar

    D. Mayan



  • Below are some websites that offer additional information on Ecuador


      • Read one of Quito’s main newspapers to see the most current Ecuadorian news


      • Read one of the main papers of Guayaquil, the largest city in Ecuador, located on the coast


      • Want to plan a trip to see the Galapagos for yourself? Click here to learn more!



  • Information on the Galapagos Island, retrieved July 15, 2009, from


  • Information on mainland of Ecuador, retrieved July 15, 2009, from


  • Image of Quito from 1954, retrieved, July 15, 2009, from


  • Image of Simon Bolivar, retrieved July 15, 2009 from


  • Map of Ecuador Image, retrieved July 14, 2009


  • Image of Petroleum production, retrieved July 14, 2009 from


  • Image of Ingapirca ruins, retrieved July 14, 2009 from


  • Video from:

    • Marine Iguanas of the Galapagos Islands. Discovery Channel School.(2002). Retrieved July 17, 2009, fromDiscovery Education:

  • All other photos are from my personal photo gallery, taken during my year long stay in Ecuador

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