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California Energy Commission Energy Storage Program Overview Avtar Bining, Ph.D. Program Manager – Energy Storage California Energy Commission [email protected] 916-327-1411. California Public Utilities Commission AB 2514 OIR Proceedings – Preliminary Workshop March 9, 2011

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California Energy Commission Energy Storage Program Overview Avtar Bining, Ph.D.Program Manager – Energy StorageCalifornia Energy [email protected] 916-327-1411

California Public Utilities Commission AB 2514 OIR Proceedings – Preliminary Workshop

March 9, 2011

San Francisco, CA


Purpose l.jpg

  • Public Interest Energy Research Program Overview

  • Energy Storage Program Overview

  • Energy Storage Research Projects and Activities

    • American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Projects

    • CIEE – Strategic Analysis of Energy Storage

  • 2011 Integrated Energy Policy Report Committee Workshop

  • Questions

Purpose


Public interest energy research l.jpg

  • Established through AB 1890 in 1996 and began in 1998

  • ~$62.5 Million / Year (Electricity); ~$24 Million / Year (Natural Gas) since 2005-2006

  • Mission - To support public interest energy research and development that helps improve the quality of life in California by bringing environmentally safe, reliable, and affordable energy services and products to the marketplace.

  • Six (6) PIER Program Research Areas (Efficiency {Buildings and Industry/Agriculture/Water}, Renewables, Environment, Transportation, Energy Systems (Transmission and Distribution {Smart Grid}, Cyber Security, and Energy Storage)

Public Interest Energy Research


Pier involvement in energy storage technologies l.jpg

PIER Involvement in Energy StorageTechnologies


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PIER Program has been Evaluating Various Energy Storage Technologies and Their Applications


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Energy Storage Technologies Technologies and Their Applications

  • Pumped Hydro

  • Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES)

  • Flywheels

  • Batteries

  • Super-Capacitors (SuperCaps)

  • Superconducting Magnetics

  • Thermal Storage (Molten Salt and Ice)

  • Hydrogen Storage


Energy storage l.jpg
Energy Storage Technologies and Their Applications

  • Has existed for long – Battery, Pumped Hydro

  • Recent Policy Changes

    • AB 2514 – Energy Storage Systems (2010)

    • Renewable Portfolio Standard (33% by 2020)

    • AB 32 (Reducing GHG to 1990 Level by 2020)

  • New System Needs and Opportunities

    • Smart Grid and Energy Storage Symbiotic Connection

  • Recent Advances

    • Internet, Material Sciences, Electronics, Sensors, and Controls


Energy storage contd l.jpg
Energy Storage (Contd…) Technologies and Their Applications

  • Various Forms – Mechanical (Pumped Hydro, Compressed Air, Flywheel), Chemical (Hydrogen), Thermal (Molten Salt, Ice), Electrical (Battery, Capacitors, Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage)

  • Applications – Intermittency, Variability, Shifting Time of Use, Demand and Supply Response, Frequency Regulation, Resiliency, Reliability, Efficiency, (Economics)


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Electric Energy Storage Applications Technologies and Their Applications

(All Boundaries Of Regions Displayed Are Approximate)

1000

  • Load Leveling

  • Ramping

  • Energy Arbitrage

  • Spinning Reserve

  • Grid System

  • Stability

  • VAR

  • Support

100

Renewables

- Wind

- Solar

  • Frequency

  • Regulation

10

  • Peak

  • Shaving

  • and T&D

  • Deferral Transmission

  • Conjunction Management

Power Quality

Temporary

Power Interruptions

  • Peak Shaving

  • T&D Deferral

Black

Start needs

1 to 10 MW’s

For a 1 to 2 Hr. Duration

1.0

  • Remote Island Applications

  • Village Power Applications

0.1

0.1 Cycle

15 Second

1 Hour

15 Minutes

5 Hour

10 Cycle


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ARRA Smart Grid Projects Technologies and Their Applications

18 California Based Projects Totaling ~$1.25 Billion

  • Why PIER Provided Cost-Share For ARRA

  • Without PIER funding DOE would not award (DOE recognizes CA’s leadership in Smart Grid)

  • Early call To Identify How Smart Grid Is Developing

  • Ensure Consistency Among California Projects

  • One Smart Grid for California (Energy Commission Is The Common Participant For All Projects)

  • Smart Meters

  • Grid Security

  • Communication

  • Phasors

  • Storage

  • PHEV

  • Consumer Behavior

  • Demand Response

  • Standards

  • HAN


Arra smart grid in california l.jpg
ARRA Smart Grid in California Technologies and Their Applications

  • Total Project Value to CA - $1.3 Billion

  • City of Glendale Water & Power

  • Modesto Irrigation District

  • Burbank Water & Power

  • City of Anaheim

  • Electric Power Group (WECC sub-contractor)

  • Pacific Gas & Electric (WECC sub-contractor – Not with CEC)

  • Sacramento Municipal Utility District

  • San Diego Gas & Electric

  • Los Angeles Department of Water & Power

  • Southern California Edison with Boeing - Headquarters in MO, work being done in Sunnyvale and Huntington Beach, CA

  • Southern California Edison with Waukesha Electric Systems - Headquarters in WI, work being done with SCE in Irvine, CA) (Fault Current Limiting Transformer)

  • Primus Power (Metal Electrodes for Flow Battery)

  • SEEO Inc. (Li-Polymer)

  • Southern California Edison (Tehachapi Wind Energy Storage (CAES)

  • Pacific Gas & Electric (CAES)

  • Amber Kinetics (Flywheel)

  • EnerVault with Ktech Corp. - Headquarters in NM, work being done in Sunnyvale , CA (Fe/Cr Flow Battery)

  • Sacramento Municipal Utility District - sub-contractor to Premium Power, Headquarters in MA (Zn/Br Battery)

  • - California State University, Sacramento (Smart Grid Study)

Premium Power

Boeing

Ktech Corp.

Waukesha Electric Systems

Honeywell International, Inc


Ciee energy storage research project l.jpg

  • Goal Technologies and Their Applications - Develop a 2020 Energy Storage Vision for California

  • California Institute for Energy and Environment (CIEE) - Prime Contractor and supported by UC (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and San Diego)

  • Project Advisory Committee includes – IOUs, CAISO, POUs, CESA/ESA, National Labs, EPRI, Energy Storage Industry/Providers, CPUC, etc.

  • Duration ~6 Months (Began on January 24, 2011)

  • Help determine the role of energy storage in California

    • Look at various energy storage technologies and applications

    • Support CPUC with AB 2514 OIR Proceedings

    • Input to 2011 IEPR Committee Workshop on Energy Storage (April 28, 2011)

CIEE Energy Storage Research Project


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Questions? Technologies and Their Applications

Avtar Bining

Program Manager – Energy Storage

California Energy Commission

[email protected]

916-327-1411


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