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Lesson 5. The United Nations. Objectives. Review history behind creation of UN. Identify goals of the UN. Examine structure and function of UN organs. Discuss role and effectiveness of UN. Warm Up. What are the 2 categories of international organizations? Provide an example of each.

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Lesson 5

Lesson 5

The United Nations


Objectives
Objectives

  • Review history behind creation of UN.

  • Identify goals of the UN.

  • Examine structure and function of UN organs.

  • Discuss role and effectiveness of UN.


Warm up
Warm Up

  • What are the 2 categories of international organizations? Provide an example of each.


United nations
United Nations

  • Helps stabilize international relations and monitor global events.

    History

  • Post WWI- League of Nations

  • Post WWII- Yalta Conference

  • Oct 24, 1945- 50 charter nations


General un membership
General UN Membership

  • 193 member states

    • “Peace loving nations”

  • NYC: “Sessions” Sept-Dec

  • Pay dues (% world wealth)

    • 2010-11 Budget ($5.16 b)

    • Peacekeeping costs different ($8 b)

  • Provide troops for UN activities


Goals of the u n
Goals of the U.N.

  • Maintain international peace & security

  • Put down threats to peace & aggressive acts

  • Promote respect for international law

  • Protect human rights and freedoms

  • Encourage social and economic progress (raise SOL)


Activity structure of the un
Activity: Structure of the UN

  • Identify the purpose, membership structure, and powers of the following branches:

    • General Assembly

    • Security Council

    • Secretariat

    • Economic and Social Council

    • Court of Justice

http://www.un.org/en/

Ban Ki-moon: S. Korea


General assembly
General Assembly

  • Purpose: Open, deliberative forum

  • Membership:

    • All member nations (193)

    • 1 vote per delegation

    • 2/3rd vote to pass resolutions/mandates

  • Function/Powers:

    • Elect members of other organs

    • Debate issues and make (non-binding) recommendations

    • Approve budget and spending

    • Suspend or revoke membership


Security council
Security Council

  • Purpose: Maintain peace and security

  • Membership:

    • 5 permanent members (China, France, Britain, US, Russia),

    • 10 non-perm members (elected 2 yr terms by GA)

    • 9/15 votes to take action, including all 5 perm

  • Function/Powers:

    • Investigate and mediate disputes (binding decisions)

    • Apply political and economic sanctions

    • Take military action when necessary


Secretariat
Secretariat

  • Purpose: Carry out daily operations

  • Membership:

    • Secretary General (Ban Ki-moon) – 5 yr

    • ~50K+ workers in various agencies and offices (NYC main)

  • Function/Powers:

    • Administer programs and policies

    • Create press releases


Econ and social council
Econ and Social Council

  • Purpose: Promote higher standard of living, econ and social progress

  • Membership:

    • 54 members- regional representation

    • 3 year terms

    • 1 vote per nation

  • Function/Powers:

    • Formulate policy

    • Discuss & Initiate studies concerning econ/soc issues

    • Call international summits (mtgs)


Internatl court of justice
Internatl Court of Justice

  • Purpose: Settle disputes of internatl law

  • Membership:

    • 15 Justices (independent once elected)

    • 9 year terms

    • Peace Palace (The Hague, Amsterdam)

  • Function/Powers:

    • Nations submitting disputes agree to decisions

    • Advise organs on legal questions


Trusteeship council
Trusteeship Council

  • Purpose: Oversee “trust territories” (11 nations w/out govt following WW2)

  • Membership: 5 Perm Security Nations

  • Function: None, all territories est self-govt eventually


Homework day 1
Homework Day 1-

  • Read the Upfront article “The UN: A Love-Hate Affair” from the link below.

  • http://teacher.scholastic.com/scholasticnews/indepth/upfront/features/index.asp?article=f0919a

  • Be prepared to discuss issues & controversies surrounding the UN as well as the role for the UN in today’s world.


Day 2 warm up
Day 2 Warm Up

  • Goals of the UN?

  • Principal Organs?

  • Peace & security

  • HR & Freedoms

  • Social & Econ Progress

  • Gen Assembly

  • Security Council

  • Secretariat

  • ECOSOC

  • ICJ


Issues and controversies
Issues and Controversies

  • No real power, non-binding

  • No army

  • National sovereignty

  • Imbalance of power

  • Inefficiency

  • Underfunding

  • Ethics


Millenium dvpt goals
Millenium Dvpt Goals

  • Adopted 2000 – Achieved 2015?

  • http://www.gatesfoundation.org/tedxchange/Pages/tedxchange-video-gallery.aspx#video=/speeches-commentary/Pages/melinda-gates-talk-2010-tedxchange.aspx&pager=0&filter=&autostart=true


Closure
Closure

  • What are the goals of the UN?

  • Is the UN successful?


Homework day 2
Homework Day 2–

  • Wiki Post:

    • Is the United Nations obsolete? What role should it play and what powers should it have in our new world.

    • Incorporate both the article you read & the TED talk we viewed today.


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