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Changes on the Western Frontier. Clashes on The Frontier. Native Americans-pushed to Great Plains. Life centered on horse and buffalo Buffalo provided food, clothing, shelter. Settlers Arrive. Post Civil War Gold discovered (Colorado plus)= miners flock to gold discoveries

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Clashes on the frontier

Changes on the Western Frontier

Clashes on The Frontier


Native americans pushed to great plains
Native Americans-pushed to Great Plains

  • Life centered on horse and buffalo

    • Buffalo provided food, clothing, shelter


Settlers arrive
Settlers Arrive

  • Post Civil War

    • Gold discovered (Colorado plus)= miners flock to gold discoveries

    • Homestead act =Cheap/free land for farmers

    • African Americans, Germans, Scandinavians


Twice promised land
Twice Promised Land…

  • Plains had been earlier granted to Native Americans

  • More settlers come, US govt attempts to renegotiate

  • Conflict

    • Broken treaties, gold discovered bringing more settlers


More bad news
More bad news

  • Dawes Act-force assimilation of Native Americans into white culture

  • Destruction of Buffalo, replaced with cattle ranching


Transcontinental railroad
Transcontinental Railroad

  • Promotes settlement of the plains

  • Govt. gives land tracts to railroad companies

    • RR recruited settlers all over Europe

    • Sold some of it for cheap prices to farmers

  • Homestead Act



Populist movement
Populist Movement

  • Farmers in trouble: Civil War over, money supply shrank, making each dollar in circulation worth more. Farmers want “cheap money”

  • Populist Party

    • Polices to help farmers

    • Direct election of senators and secret ballot

    • Candidate William Jennings Bryant, backs cheaper money. Didn’t win, but demands were heard.


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