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Behavior Therapy. Dr. Arra PSY 202. Behavior Therapy. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND Based on principles of classical and operant conditioning Social learning theory Albert Ellis: Rational Emotive Behavior therapy Beck: Cognitive therapy. Behavior Therapy.

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Behavior therapy

Behavior Therapy

Dr. Arra

PSY 202

Behavior therapy1
Behavior Therapy


  • Based on principles of classical and operant conditioning

  • Social learning theory

  • Albert Ellis: Rational Emotive Behavior therapy

  • Beck: Cognitive therapy

Behavior therapy2
Behavior Therapy

  • Donald Meichenbaum: cogntive-behavioral modification

  • Stress inoculation and self-instructional training

  • Popular in the 50’s, 60’s, and 70’s

  • Grounded in scientific view of human behavior

Behavior therapy3
Behavior Therapy

  • Based on the principles and procedures of the scientific method

  • Interventions are monitored/managed over time

  • Conclusions are made based on what is observed rather than what one thinks

  • Treatment goals are stated in concrete and objective terms

Behavior therapy4
Behavior Therapy

  • Interventions are monitored and frequently revised

  • Therapy deals with client’s current problems and the factors influencing them

  • Does not deal with historical determinants

  • Clients are expected to be active

  • Clients ‘do something’ to bring about a change: engage in new behaviors

Behavior therapy5
Behavior Therapy

  • Therapy is carried out in the client’s natural environment

  • Clients monitor their behavior outside of sessions, learn coping skills, role-playing

  • Learning new behaviors is the core of the therapy

  • Skills include self-management, monitoring, reinforcing, punishing, overcorrection…..

Behavior therapy6
Behavior Therapy

  • Interventions tailored to fit individual needs

  • Therapy is a collaboration between therapist and client

  • Constantly measuring, graphing: frequency, intensity, duration of behaviors

  • Brief number of sessions

  • Several behavioral techniques are often combined in a treatment package to increase efficacy of tx

Behavior therapy7
Behavior Therapy


  • Client specifies positive changes that he/she wants from counseling

  • Focus on what client wants to do rather than what client does not want to do

  • Client has ownership of goals

  • Client and counselor see if goals are realistic

Behavior therapy8
Behavior Therapy

  • Define the goals in concrete terms; target behaviors

  • Discuss behaviors associated with the goals; antecedents and consequences

  • A plan of action to work towards the goals

Behavior therapy9
Behavior Therapy


  • Get information about antecedents, dimensions of the problem, and consequences

  • Clarify the problem

  • Design a target behavior

  • Formulate goals with client

Behavior therapy10
Behavior Therapy

  • Identify maintaining conditions

  • Implement a change plan/intervention

  • Evaluate the intervention; formative and summative

Behavior therapy11
Behavior Therapy


  • Client is aware and participants in the therapeutic process

  • Engage in modeling, role-playing, rehearsal

  • Completes homework assignments

  • Client completes assignments both in and out of therapy sessions

Behavior therapy12
Behavior Therapy

  • Work to generalize behaviors

  • Need to be willing to make changes and continue to implement new behaviors once treatment has ended

Behavior therapy13
Behavior Therapy


  • Behavioral Assessment: look at target behavior in terms of antecedents and consequences, frequency-intensity-duration

  • Use tests, scales, checklists, and graphs to determine if intervention is working

  • Ongoing process

Behavior therapy14
Behavior Therapy

  • Systematic desensitization, relaxation training, assertion training, self-management training, biofeedback, meditation, in vivo, flooding, EMDR

  • Brief vs. long-term therapy

Behavior therapy15
Behavior Therapy


  • Wide variety of techniques available

  • Therapy stresses ‘doing’

  • Techniques have been extended to more areas of human functioning than any other therapeutic approach

  • Emphasis on research into and assessment of treatment outcomes

Behavior therapy16
Behavior Therapy

  • Therapists are willing to examine the effectiveness of their procedures in terms of generalizability and durability of change

  • Therapists are ethical in their practice

  • Clients have control and freedom

  • Clients can monitor and manage their interventions

Behavior therapy17
Behavior Therapy

  • Therapists use empirically supported techniques

  • Treatment is as brief as possible

Behavior therapy18
Behavior Therapy


  • Behavior therapy may change behaviors, but it does not change feelings

  • Does not deal with the emotional process as fully as other approaches

  • Relationship between client and therapist is discounted

Behavior therapy19
Behavior Therapy

  • Behavior therapy does not provide insight

  • Behavior therapists treat symptoms rather than causes

  • Therapy involves control and manipulation by the therapist