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Anatomical Words and Word Roots (Greek & Latin) a - azyg A a(n)- without ab- away from abduc- lead from acanth- prickle acer- without horns acetabul- vinegar cup aceto- acid achille =vulnerable acin- cluster of grapes acri- acrid, sharp acro- summit, top acous =hear, heard

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slide1

Anatomical Words and Word Roots (Greek & Latin)

  • a - azyg
  • A
  • a(n)- without
  • ab- away from
  • abduc- lead from
  • acanth- prickle
  • acer- without horns
  • acetabul- vinegar cup
  • aceto- acid
  • achille =vulnerable
  • acin- cluster of grapes
  • acri- acrid, sharp
  • acro- summit, top
  • acous =hear, heard
  • acrom =tip, pt of shoulder
  • blade
  • actin- ray
  • acust- of hearing
  • ad- towards
  • aden - gland
  • adipo- fat
  • adventit- coming to
  • aegopod- goat-foot
  • aeol = shifting, quick moving
  • aestiv- summer
  • affer- carrying to
  • agrest- rural, wild
  • agro(st)- field
  • al(i)- wing
  • alb- white
  • allant- sausage
  • allium garlic
  • alopec- fox
  • altissim- tall
  • alve- pit, socket
  • ambly- blunt
  • ambul- walk
  • ammo- sand
  • amnio- fetal envelope
  • amoeb- change
  • amphi- both
  • amplex- clasping
  • ampulla- flask
  • amygdala- almond shaped organ
  • amyl- starch
  • an- without
  • ana- up, back, again
  • anatol- east
  • anchus- bend, bay
  • anconeus =elbow
  • andr- male
  • anemo- wind
  • aneurysm =widening
  • angi- vessel
  • angina =choked, quinzy
  • angul- angle
  • angusti- narrow
  • ankylo- stiff jointed
  • annu- annual
  • anomo- lawless, irregular
  • anser- geese
  • ante- before
  • antho- flower
  • anthro- human
  • anti- against, opposite
  • antr- cave
  • anu =ring
  • apo- separate, from
  • append = hang to
  • aqua- water
  • aqueduct = water canal
  • aguilin- eagle-beaked
  • arach- spider
  • arbor- tree
  • arc- arch
  • arch(ae/i)- ancient
  • arct(i/o)- north, bear
  • are- space
  • areni- sandy
  • arg(en/lyr)- silver
  • arrector =upright
  • arthro- joint
  • artic- jointed
  • artio- even-numbered
  • aryten =ladle, pitcher
  • arundin- reed-like
  • asc- sac
  • asper- rough
  • aspid- shield
  • asthma =pant, gasp
  • ast(e)r- star
  • astrag- dice (originally a knuckle bone)
  • ater, atra- black
  • Atlas= giant supported the world on his shoulders
  • atr(ium)- vestibule
  • auscult =to listen
  • aur- ear, gold
  • auricle =ear
  • austral- southern
  • auto- self
  • aux- grow
  • avi- bird
  • axi- axis
  • axilla- = armpit
  • azyg- unpaired, unmarried
slide2

baca - bursa

B

baca- small berry

baccatus- berried

baena- walking

balan- acorn

barb- beard

basi / basil - at the bottom, base / royal

bat(is) skate, ray

bdella- sucker

bell- pretty

bi- two

bi(ola)- life

blast- germ

bore- north

botry- small bunch of grapes

bov- ox

brachi- arm

brachy- short

brady- slow

branch- gill

brevi- short

brizo- to nod

bromo- oats, broom, shadow

bronch- windpipe

brunne = brawn

bucca- mouth cavity

bulb = a bulb

bulbos- bulbous

bulla- bubble, flask

bullat- wrinkled

buno- hill

bursa- a hide; purse, pouch

slide3

caduci - cyst

C

caduci- temporary

caec- blind

caespit- tufted

calat =inserted

calam- reed, aspen

calc- stone

calcan =heel

calli- beautiful

callo = harden

callos callous

callosum =harden

calor- heat

calyx cup, chalice

camp- field

cani- dog

cannula = reed

cap(it)- head

capill- hair

capit =head

card- heart

carin- keel

cam- flesh

capsul = a little box

carcin - cancer

carotid- producing stupor

carn =flesh

cartilag = gristle

carp- seed, wrist

caruncl =bit of flesh

cary- nut

cata- down

cauda- tail

cav- hollow

cavern = a cave, chamber

cec = blind

cecum =blind

-cele = hernia

celi =abdominal

centi- hundred

ceph(al)- head

cera(s)(t)- horn

cerc- horns, lobes, short tail

cerebro- brain

cerumen = wax

cerv- neck

chaet- bristle

chamae- on ground

chel- turtle

cheno- goose

chiasm- cross,crossing

chias =crossing

chil- lip

chlamy- outer garment

chlor- green

choan- funnel

chole - bile

chondr- cartilage

chor =chorus, dance, place

chord- cord

chorion, choroid = membrane

chrom- colour

chrys- golden

chyl- fluid

chym- juice

cili- eyelash

cilia =hair

ciner- ashen, grey

cipit- head

circum- around

cirr- tentacle

cistern = reservior or well

clad- branch

clast- broken

clav- key

cleid- key

cleithr- bar, key

clin- bed, recline

cloaca sewer

clito =closed

coccus berry, grain

cochl- snail, shell

coel- hollow

coit = coming together

col(on) large intestine

coll- neck

colli =hill

collat- borne together

columella little column

colp = vagina

com- with

commis- united, sent out

communis- colonial

commutat- changed

compact- compact

compress- flattened

con- with

conch- shell

condyl- knuckle

conjunctivum = join

cono- cone

contra- opposite

convolvo- to entwine

convolution = a turn, a folding

copro- dung

corb- basket

cord- heart

colo = colon; a limb; maimed

commis = united

con = with, together

condyle =knuckle, knob

cora =crow, raven

corn- horn, horny

coron- crown

corp- body

corpusc = a little body

cort- bark

cost- rib

cotyl- cup

cox = hip

crani- skull

crass- thick

cremaster =suspender

crep- shoe

cribi- sieve

cric- ring, circle

crispus curled

crist- crest

crosso- fringe, tassel

cru(rals)- shank

cruci- cross-like

crus = the leg, shank

crypt- hidden, concealed

cten- comb

cubitus - elbow, forearm

cum = a wave

cumul = a heap, mass, stalk

cune-wedge

curv = curved

cusp- lance, point

cuti- skin

cyan- blue

cycl- circular

cyno- dog

cyst- bladder, sac capsule,

cyt- cell

slide4

dactyl - furc

D

dactyl- finger

dasy- shaggy

deci- ten

decid- falling off

decuss- crossing banding

deka- ten

delph- uterus, womb

delphis- dolphin

demi- half

dendr- tree

dent- tooth

derm- skin

dero- persisting

desmo- band

deut- second

dextro- right

di(a)- two

dia- through

didym- twin

digit- finger

dino- terrible

disc = a round plate

dist = stand apart, be distant

drom- quick running

dubi- doubtful

duc = lead

dulci- sweet

duo- two

duoden = twelve each

dur- hard

E

echino- spiny exo- outside

echis- viper extens- draw out

eco- house extra- beyond

ecto- outside extern = outside, outer

- ectomy = removal extrins- coming from

effer- carrying away

effusus- loosely spreading

ejacul- throw out

elasmo- plate, flat

elat- tall

-ell- diminutive

embio- living

emia = blood

embol- thrown in

endo- inside within, inner

engy- narrow

ensi- sword

entolenter- inside

eo- dawn, east

epi- upon

epiplo = a thin membrane

equi- horse, equal

erect- upright

erythr- red

esculent- edible

eso = within, inward

ethm- sieve

eu- well, very

eury- wide

ex- out of

exiguus- slender

F

falx- sickle-shaped

fallax- false

fasc(ic)- bundle, a band

fatuus- foolish, useless

feli- cat

fem =thigh

fer- carry

ficar- fig-like

fil- thread

fili = a son or daughter

fimbri = a fringe, fibers

fistul- hollow, tube

flacc- flabby

flatu =wind, blow, breeze, fan

flav- yellow

flexu- wavy,winding

flocculus- lock of wool

fluitans- floating

foen- hay

foetid- foul smelling

foli- leaf

fontan- fountain

foramen- opening

forn- an arch, vault, a brothel

fossa =ditch, trench

fovea- pit, shallow round depression

fren =bridle

fruticans- shrubby

fund- a sling, bottom, to pour

fung = fung

furc(ul)- fork

slide5

gal - hystero

G

gal- milk

gale- weasel

gall- galli=chicken, cock,

of France

gangli- knot on a string

gano- shining

gast(e)r- stomach, belly

gemin- twins

gemm- bud

genu- knee, joint

genicul=elbow, knee

genit= beget

- genic = source, origin

ger = bear, carry

gera = old man

geranium- crane

gerro- shield

glab=smooth

glans =acorn

gladi- sword

glen- pit, socket

glia- glue

glom(er)- ball of yarn; a ball

glo(ss/tt)- tongue

glut- rump

gl(uly)c- sweet

glypt- carved, engraved

gnaph- wool

gnath- jaw

goni- angle

gono- seed

gracil- slender

HZ

haem- blood

hagi = sacred

hal- salty

hallu(x/ci)- big toe, great toe

ham =hook, hooked

haplo- single, simple

hasta(t)- spear-tip shape

haust = draw up, suck

hect- hundred

heira- hawk

helios- sun

helminth- worm

helo- wart

hem = blood

hemi- half

hepa(r/t)- liver

hepta- seven

hetero- different

hex- six

hibem- winter

hilus -um = depression or pit

hippo- horse

hirsut- hairy

hispid- bristly

hist = tissue, web

histri- actor

holo- complete, whole

homo- man, same

homal- flat

hormon- that which excites

hortens- of gardens

humus- ground

gram- of grass

gymn- naked

gyn- woman

gyr- turning

humer = shoulder

hyal- glassy, glass, transparent

hydr- water

hyemal- winter

hymen =marriage, membrane

hyo- U-shaped

hyper- above

hypo- beneath

hyoid =under, beneath, u shaped

hystero- uterus

slide6

icthy - lysis

I

ichthy- fish

-ida- like

-idae- ending of zoological

family names

ileum- twisted , roll

ilia = the flank

impar- unequal, unpaired

in- in, not

-in- diminutive

incarnat- flesh coloured

infarct =filled in, stuffed

incis- cutting in

incus- anvil

inermis- unarmed

inflexis- rigid

infra- under low/underneath

infundibul = funnel

insular = island

inter- between

intra- within

iod- violet

-iola- diminutive

iris- rainbow

ischi =hip

iso- equal

iter- passage

- it is = inflammation

J

jugul =yoke, throat, collarbone

jug- yoked together

jungoljunc- to bind

juxta = near to

K

ket- ketone

kilo- thousand

L

labi- lips

labyrinth- tortuous passage

lacer- mangle, torn

lacrim- tears

lacr=tears, weep

lact- milk

lacuna- space

laevo- left

lagena- flask

lambdoidal=like the letter lambda

lamella- leaf, layer

lan(at)- wool

lanceol(at)- lance-shaped

laryn= the gullet, larynx

lata =beaver; a drop of wine

lati- wide

lecith- egg yolk

lemm- sheath, peel, husk

lens- lentil, bean

leo(n)- lion

lepid- scale

lepto- slender

leuc- white

leva= raise, lift up

levator- lifter

lign- wood

ligul- strap-shaped

lin- line

lingu- tongue lith- stone

liv = ashen, bluish

log(y)- discourse

loph- crest

luci=clear, light

lumen- cavity

luna- moon

lupus wolf

lute- yellow mud-colored

lymph- clear water

lysis- loosen

slide7

macr - nutans

M

macr- large

macula- spot

magn- great, large

maj- larger, greater

mala- cheek

malle- hammer, mallet

mamma- breast

mandib- lower jaw

manubrium = handle

manu- hand

maritim- of the sea

marsupium- pouch

masseter- chewer

mast- breast, nipple

mat(e)ri- mother

matu = ripe, ripen

maxi- large

maxill- jaw

maxim- greatest

meatus- passage

medi- medium, middle

medull- marrow, pith

mega- large

- megaly = enlarged

mel(l)i- honey

melan- black

menin(x,g)- membrane

menisci =crescent

meno- moon

mer- part

meso- middle

meta- after

metr = measure; uterus, womb

micro- small

milli- thousand

min- smaller

minim- smallest

mirabile- wonderful

miss- sent

mito- thread

mitr=cap, turban

mixi- mingle

moll- soft

monil- string of beads

mono- one

montan- of mountains

morph- form

motor- mover

multi- many

mural- walls

muri- mouse

myo- muscle, mouse

myri- countless

mysi =closing of lips / eyes

myx- mucous

myz- sucker

N

na(rls)- nose

navicul =a little ship

necro- dead

necto- swimming

nema- hair

nemoral- in woods

neo- new

nephr- kidney

neur- nerve

nictitat- winking

nigr- black

non- not

nona- nine

noth- spurious

notho- southern

noto- back, south

nu(clx)- nut

nuero = sinew, cord

nuch- back of neck

nucle- little nut

nud- naked

nulli- none

nutans- nodding

slide8

obtect - porta

O

obtect- concealed

obturat- closed, stop up

obtusi- blunt

occiden- Western

occip- back of head

oct- eight

odont- tooth

odor- fragrant

oecious- house of

oed- swollen

oen- wine

oesoph- gullet

officinal- used in medicine

-oid- like

olecran- elbow

oleo- oily

olfact- smelling

oligo- few

oliva- olive

- oma = tumor

omaso- paunch

oment- fat skin

omm- eye

omo- shoulder, unripen

omphalo- navel

onto- existing

onychium, =nail, claw

oo- egg

oophor = an ovary

op(t)- eye

operculum- little cover

ophi- snake

ophthalmo- eye

opistho- behind

opoter- either

or- ori = the mouth, a mountain

orbi- circle

orch- testicle

oriental- Eastern

ornith- bird

ortho- straight

- osis = disease, condition

os(ti)- mouth

os(s/t)- bone

ostrac shell

- ostomy = surgical opening

ot- ear

- otomy = incision

ovi- sheep

ovo- egg

oxys, oxus- sharp, pointed

P

pala- = shovel/spade

palae- old

palat = roof of the mouth

papill = nipple

pallid- pale

parie- wall

parot = beside the ear

- pathy = disease

pinnat- feather-shaped

pisi/um- pea

pisc- fish

pituit = secretion of mucus

plac- plate, tablet

plagio- oblique

plan- flat

planta =sole of foot

platy- flat, broad

plec(o/t)- twist, pluck

plesio- near

pleth- full

pleur- side, rib

plex- interwoven, network

plica- fold

plum- feather

pneu(mo/st)- air, lung

pod- foot

pogo- beard

poie = make, produce

polio- grey

polit- polished

poll(ex)- thumb

poly- many

pons- bridge

poplit =back of the knee

porc- pig

porphyr- purple

port = carry, gate, door, harbor

porta- gate

patella- little dish

patens- spreading

part -birth, labour

pect(or)- chest

pecti- comb-like

pedunc=little foot

pellucid- transparent, shining through

pelv = a basin

pene- almost

peni = penis

- penia = deficiency

pent- five

per(i)- through, beyond

peri- around

peron =brooch; the fibula

petr- rock, stone

perineum =near the ring

phag- eat

phil- love

phloe- tree bark

phor- carry

pho(s/to)- light

phragm- fence

phren- diaphragm, mind

phyl- tribe

phyll- leaf

physa- bladder

physio- nature

phyto - plant

pil- hair

pinea- pine cone

slide9

post - soma

post- after

potam- river

potero- drinking cup

praeco- early

pratens- in meadows

pre- before

prepuce = conspicuous, visible

prim- first

pro- in front of

proct- anus

procumbens- lying flat

profund- deep

proliger- bear offspring

prom- first

proli = offspring

prominen = projecting

pron =bent forward

proso- front

prostat = the prostate gland

prostratus- lying flat

prot- first

proxim = nearest

prunus- plum

psamma- sand pseud- false

psoa = a muscle of the loin

psycho- mind

psuedo = false

psychro- cold

pter- wing, fern

ptern = wing/feather/fin

ptyg = folded, fold

ptyal- sahva

pubescens- downy

scalene- uneven

scaph- bowl, boat

schizo- split

scler- hard

scop- gaze, small owl, broom, shadow

scopo-, -scope = to see; look; examine

scut- shield

scyph- cup

scrot = a pouch

seba- grease, tallow, wax

sect- cut

segetum- in cornfields

selen- moon

sella- saddle, seat, stool

semin = seed, sperm, semen

semi- half

sept- wall, fence

ser(olu)- any body fluid

serot- late

serrat- saw-toothed

sesamoid = sesame

set- hair

sex- six

sigm = letter “S”; S - shaped

simi- monkey

sinu = fold; hollow; bend, wind

sinus- hollow, bay

sipho- tube

smegm = soapy secretion

sol- sun

sole =sandal; a kind of fish

soma- body

rhabd- rod

rhach- spine

rhage- tear, rent

rhin- nose, snout

rhiz- root

rhodo- red

rhynch- snout

-rrh- flow

rode- gnaw

rogos- wrinkled

rostr- beak, prow

rota- tum, wheel

rotundum =round

rub(e)r- red

rug = a wrinkle, fold

rumen- throat

S

sacchar- sugar

saccul- little sac

sacr- sacred

sagitta- arrow

sal- salt

saliv = spittle

salpingo - tube

sanguini- bloody

saphen = clear

sapon- soapy

sarc- flesh

sativus- cultivated

sartori = tailor

saur- lizard

scala- ladder

pubi- sexually mature

pulmo- lung

pungens- pungent

pusill- very small

pygo- rump

pyl- gate

pyo- pus

pyr = pear, fire, wheat

pyro- heat, fire

pyram = pyramid

pyrus- pear

Q

quadr- four

quarter- four

quin(t/que)- five

R

rach- spine

radi- a spoke, ray, radius, root

ram- branch, branching

ran- frog

rapa- turnip

raph- seam

rect- straight

reflex- bent back

ren- kidney

repens- crawling

reptans- crawling

retic- network

retina- little net

retro- behind, backward

slide10

sommi - veris

U

uliginosus- in marshes

-ul- diminutive

ulo- wooly

ultra- above

umbilic- navel

un- one

unc- hook

ungui- nail, claw

ungul- hoof, claw

urens- bum

uro- tail

urs- of bears

uter = womb, uterus, wander

- uria = urine

urin = urine, dive

utricle = bag

utricul- little leather skin bag

uv(ela)- grapes

uvul = the palate, uvula

V

vagina- sheath

Vagus, vago-, - wandering

vari = change

vas- vessel, duct

vast =laid waste; empty

vellus = wool

velum- veil

ven- vein

ventr- belly

verd- green

veris- true

somni- sleep

specios- showy

sperm- seed

sphen- wedge

sphinct- squeeze, strangle. closing

spinos- spiny

spondyl- vertebra

squalid- squalid

squam- scale

squarros- spreading at tips

stae(rlt)- fat

stao (silt)- standing, place

steg- covering

stell- star

steno- narrow

stereo- solid

steril- sterile

stern- breastbone

stom- mouth

strat- layer

strept- twisted

strictus- upright, stiff

strigos- having stiff bristles

stroph- turning

styl- pillar, stake, column

sub- under, below

sucr- sugar

sulc- furrow

super- beyond

supin- lying back

supra- above

sutur- seam, groove, trench

sym- with

syn- with

synap =falling together, a union

syrin(glx)- pipe

sys- with

thero- breast, mammal

thromb = clot

thyro- large shield

tinctori- of dyes

torn- cut

tomentos- densely woolly

torpe- numb

toxo- arrow, dart

trab- beam

trachy- rough

trache = the windpipe

trago- goat

trans- across

tract =drawn

trapez- four sided, table

trema- hole

tremulans- trembling

tret = perforated

tri- three

trich- hair

trigon = a triangle; triangular

trivialis- trivial

troch- wheel

trochanter =runner

trochlea = pully, wheel

trop- turning

troph- feed

tussi- cough

tuber =knot, knob, swelling

tubul = a little pipe

tunic = a covering, cloak

turc = turkish

tympan = drum

T

tachy- fast

tact- touch

taenia- band, ribbon

talus- ankle

tapetum- carpet

tard- late

tarsus- ankle

tect- covered

tegmen- covering

tel (e/o)- far, end

teleo- complete

temno- cut

tenacul- holding

tentor- spread like a tent

tenuis- slender

ter(ti)- three

teres- round

tetr- four

testi = witness; a testicle

textilis- of textiles

thalam- chamber, inner room, bed

thalass- sea

theca- case, box, chest

thel- nipple, female

therm- heat

slide11

verm - zyg

verm- worm

vern- spring

versi- various

vesic- blister

vesicul = a little bladder

vesper- evening, western

vestibul = porch

vigil - to be awake, watch

vill- shaggy hair, velvet

virens- green

visc- organs of body cavity

vita- life

vitell- yolk

vitr- glass

voc = a voice

volut = roll, turn

vora- devour

vulgaris- common

vulp- fox

X

xanth- yellow

xen- stranger

xer- dry

xiphi- sword

xyl- wood

Z

zo- animal

zon- a belt, girdle

zyg- yoke

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