Trauma and Healing: Faith Communities Respond. Philip G. Monroe, PsyD Global Trauma Recovery Institute Biblical Seminary [email protected] Objectives. Review trauma’s impact on faith Recognize and value faith community trauma recovery responses
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Positive impact?1. Review trauma impact on faith Experience and Expression
Prolonged interpersonal trauma?
I was ready to tell the story of my life,
but the ripple of tears,
and the agony of my heart,
wouldn’t let me
Rumi(13th C. Sufi Poet)
Relationship with trauma symptoms?
Jennifer Wortmann- University of CT
War-related moral injuries
Fontana and Rosenbeck, VA National Center, 2004
Trauma WITHIN faith communities
“I feel like a spiritual orphan, betrayed by what I loved, and I feel lost and alone”
Kusner & Pargament, Trauma Therapy in Context, 2012
Now here I am
How can I go back
To whence I sprang?
Veterans who cannot forgive self are more symptomatic
Joseph Currier, Fuller Seminary
Loss of meaning
Disconnection: faith and community
And one more…
The emotional residue in your life
Evil often undermines and challenge beliefs
…or become epitome of evil ̶ E. Wiesel
The data is mixed!
Clues? Age, context, culture, education
Don Walker (Regent)
Suffering calls us to :
(≠ absence of suffering and symptoms!)
Not all faith responses are helpful
“…cognitive techniques aimed at softening client beliefs about right and wrong or disputing the validity of the client’s guilt might paradoxically deprive a religiously committed client of rituals such as the confession of sin as an avenue to grace.”
W. Brad Johnson (USNA)
“therapists who strip away the language of sin from Christian clients may unwittingly take away a source of peace and hope by foreclosing the possibility of grace and forgiveness.”
Mark R. McMinn (George Fox U.)
Brief Review of Spiritual Interventions
Lament in Special Focus
Faith Community in Trauma Recovery: Exemplars2. Recognize and value faith community work in trauma recovery
Doug Oman, Oakland Public Health Institute
Increased communion and intimacy
Holding communion and complaint together in our “winter of faith”
I have not lost faith in God. I have moments of anger and protest. Sometimes I’ve been closer to him for that reason.
For Faith Communities (FC)
For Mental Health (MH)Recommendations
Learn 16 competencies
Vieten, Scammel, Pilato, Ammondson, Pargament & Lukoff (2013). Spiritual and Religious Competencies for Psychologists. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 5, 129-144
Adapted and modified from Siddarth Shah’s unpublished
essay on ethnomedical competence
What is your tendency?
Warren Kinghorn (Duke)
Consider Job’s “friends”
Curse God and die!
When will you end this ranting?
“For I know the plans I have for you,” declares the LORD, “plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future”