How to write project or paper proposal
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How To Write Project or Paper Proposal. Outline :. Paper Section : -Choose a Topic - Item proposal. -Find Information - Make an outline -Organize your Note -Write the First Draft -Revise outlines and draft -Type the Final Paper Proposal Section:

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Outline
Outline :

Paper Section :

-Choose a Topic

- Item proposal.

-Find Information

- Make an outline

-Organize your Note

-Write the First Draft

-Revise outlines and draft

-Type the Final Paper

Proposal Section:

- What the proposal should have .

-Mistakes in writing Proposal.

-Conclusion


Choose a topic
Choose a Topic

- It must relate to the session topic.

- Choose a topic that interests and challenges you.


Find information
Find Information

-Specify the Minimum Requirement :

. Include ten reference referenced that published in the last few years.

. Include articles from different journals.

. Include only references that mentioned in the text.


Make an outline
Make an outline

Introduction

* Clearly state thesis and purpose of paper.

**Briefly explain the main points and why they are

important

Body

* Contain the basic idea you want to talk about in your paper.

Conclusion

*Restate your thesis.

**Summarize your arguments.

***Explain why you have come to this conclusion


Organize your note
Organize your Note

You have Information- Analyze and sort the

gathered

- Devise a method to organize your notes

- Do not include irrelevant information or

material you do not understand

- Avoid overuse of quotes (blocks)


Write the first draft
Write the First Draft

- Use your outline to organize material

- Find a technique that works for you

- Properly cite using APA


Revise outlines and draft
Revise outlines and draft

* Use the grade sheet as a checklist

- Clear introduction?

- Orderly presentation of ideas?

- Use of supporting evidence?

- Thoughtful conclusion/discussion?

- Correct writing style?

- Proper manuscript preparation?

- Correct reference citations?

- Proper use of quotations?

- Use of precision, clarity and language?

- Proper spelling, punctuation, and grammar?


Type the final paper
Type the Final Paper

- Re-read assignment for expectations

- Proof and read paper carefully

- Check for plagiarism


Proposal should have the following
proposal should have the following

1.Title page

2.Abstract

3.Table of contents

4.Introduction

5.Thesis statement

6.Approach/methods

7.Preliminary results and discussion

8.Work plan including time table

9.Implications of research

10.List of references


Title page
Title page

*contains short, descriptive title of the proposed thesis project  (should be fairly self-explanatory)

*and author, institution, department, research mentor, mentor's institution, and date of delivery


Abstract
Abstract

*the abstract is a brief summary of your thesis proposal

*its length should not exceed ~200 words

*present a brief introduction to the issue

*make the key statement of your thesis

*give a summary of how you want to address the issue

*include a possible implication of your work, if successfully completed


Table of contents
Table of contents

list all headings and subheadings with page numbers

indent subheadings


Introduction
Introduction

*this section sets the context for your proposed project and must capture the reader's interest

*explain the background of your study starting from a broad picture narrowing in on your research question

*review what is known about your research topic as far as it is relevant to your thesis

cite relevant references

*the introduction should be at a level that makes it easy to understand for readers with a general science background, for example your classmates


Thesis statement
Thesis statement

*in a couple of sentences, state your thesis

*this statement can take the form of a hypothesis, research question, project statement, or goal statement

*the thesis statement should capture the essence of your intended project and also help to put boundaries around it


Approach methods
Approach/methods

*this section contains an overall description of your *approach,  materials, and procedures

*what methods will be used?

*how will data be collected and analyzed?

*what materials will be used?

*Include calculations, technique, procedure, equipment, and calibration graphs

*detail limitations, assumptions, and range of validity

*citations should be limited to data sources and more complete descriptions of procedures

*do not include results and discussion of results here


Preliminary results and discussion
Preliminary results and discussion

*present any results you already have obtained

*discuss how they fit in the framework of your thesis


Work plan including time table
Work plan including time table

*describe in detail what you plan to do until completion of your senior thesis project

*list the stages of your project in a table format

*indicate deadlines you have set for completing each stage of the project, including any work you have already completed

*discuss any particular challenges that need to be overcome


Implications of research
Implications of Research

*what new knowledge will the proposed project produce that we do not already know?

*why is it worth knowing, what are the major implications?


Common mistakes in proposal writing
Common Mistakes in Proposal Writing

1-Failure to provide the proper context to frame the research question.

2-Failure to delimit the boundary conditions for your research.

3-Failure to cite landmark studies.

4-Failure to accurately present the theoretical and empirical contributions by other researchers.

5-Failure to stay focused on the research question.

6-Failure to develop a coherent and persuasive argument for the proposed research.


Continue
Continue……

7-Too much detail on minor issues, but not enough detail on major issues.

8-Too much rambling -- going "all over the map" without a clear sense of direction. (The best proposals move forward with ease and grace like a seamless river.)

9-Too many citation lapses and incorrect references.

10-Too long or too short.

11-Failing to follow the APA style.

12-Slopping writing.


Conclusion
Conclusion

if you want to make something professional , you must follow series of steps , the same is applied here for

writing a paper.



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