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The Puritans and the Quakers






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The Puritans and the Quakers. Pgs. 206-207 and 215-216. The Puritans - 1628. Approximately 10 years after the Pilgrims came to America for religious freedom, another group seeking religious freedom settled around the Massachusetts Bay near Boston.
The Puritans and the Quakers

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Slide 1

The Puritans and the Quakers

Pgs. 206-207 and 215-216

Slide 2

The Puritans - 1628

  • Approximately 10 years after the Pilgrims came to America for religious freedom, another group seeking religious freedom settled around the Massachusetts Bay near Boston.

  • This group called themselves Puritans because they wanted their religion to be more “pure.”

  • They too, disagreed with the Church of England, but unlike the Pilgrims did not separate from the church.

Slide 4

Landing in America – 1628-1630

  • In 1630 John Winthrop became the leader of the Puritans.

  • He brought more than 1,000 Puritans traveling on 15 ships to the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

  • John Winthrop led the colony for the next 20 years.

Slide 5

Puritans Beliefs

  • Everyone should be able to read the Bible.

  • Parents were required by law to teach their children to read.

  • Schools were required for towns with more than 50 families.

  • Schools were open all year with no summer vacation.

Slide 6

Harvard University

  • Learning was important to the Puritans.

  • They founded the first college in the English colonies.

  • In 1636 they built Harvard University, in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Slide 7

The Quakers - 1681

  • In 1681 the English king gave William Penn permission to begin a colony in Pennsylvania.

  • Penn was a member of a religious group called the Quakers.

  • English Quakers were being treated unfairly in England because of their beliefs.

Slide 8

Quaker Beliefs

  • All people are equal and basically good.

  • Violence is always wrong.

  • Quakers refuse to carry guns or fight.

  • Solving problems should always be done peacefully.

Slide 9

Frame of Government

  • William Penn wrote a document called the Frame of Government similar to the Mayflower Compact.

  • It allowed freedom of speech, freedom of worship, and trial by jury.

  • A council of men was appointed to make laws for the colony.

Slide 10

Philadelphia

  • William Penn planned the settlements of Pennsylvania.

  • He designed the town of Philadelphia. The town was designed like a checkerboard.

  • Philadelphia became an important port town because of its location on the Delaware River.

  • Many immigrants came to Philadelphia.


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