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International Association of Electronics Recyclers® Presidents Report Peter R. Muscanelli Double Tree Valley Resort Scottsdale Arizona May 13, 2004 A Vision for the Future “ After transformation- Let’s Soar!” Observations Increased awareness of the electronics recycling industry

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International association of electronics recyclers presidents report peter r muscanelli l.jpg

International Association of Electronics Recyclers®Presidents ReportPeter R. Muscanelli

Double Tree Valley Resort

Scottsdale Arizona

May 13, 2004


A vision for the future after transformation let s soar l.jpg
A Vision for the Future“After transformation- Let’s Soar!”


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Observations

  • Increased awareness of the electronics recycling industry

  • More recyclers with increasing capacity-world wide market

  • No generally accepted standards or certification process in place

  • Potential for industry to receive negative PR

  • 50 different states/50 different laws

  • Increased regulation/Increased expense

  • Need for continual improvement

  • Industry issues

  • Electronics recyclers or scrap recyclers


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Increased awareness of the electronics recycling industry

  • The public

  • The business sector

  • Communities, municipalities, Governmental agencies

  • Entrepreneurs


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More recyclers with increasing capacity worldwide market

  • More competition

  • Decreasing margins

  • Increased inefficiencies

  • No standards for monitoring start-ups


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No generally accepted standards or certification process in place

  • IAER Certification

  • ISO Certification

  • OEM supplier qualifications

  • Government procurement guidelines

  • NGO checklists

  • Federal & State regulations


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Potential for industry to receive negative PR place

  • Without standards, or good EMS, will electronics recycling facilities become our next brown fields?

  • Warehouses of collected material by unregulated recyclers

  • Exporting to unsupervised markets (where will the next video come from?)


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50 Different states/50 different laws place

  • Without a Federal law, each state may enact a different version

  • ARF/recycling fee

  • What equipment will be covered by what law?

  • Increased regulation means increased expense and mistakes (KISS)

  • Regionalization will cause further expense


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Industry regulation/Increased expense place

  • Regulation increases paperwork, which increases time, which increases labor, which will increase expense overall to the recycler

  • Potential for misunderstanding different regulations with different requirements

  • Maintaining current understanding of different regulations will further add to the electronics recyclers liability and expense


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Need for continual improvement place

  • Electronics recyclers need to buy into the fact that as a growing and emerging industry the industries that they service are continually evaluating their efficiencies and overall improvement of their system

  • The need for continuous improvement must be achieved by raising the industry standards. Without industry standards regulation is inevitable

  • Continuing education of industry employees is essential to achieving this goal


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Electronics recyclers or placeScrap recyclers

  • They are related industries with similar goals with different strategy and tactics

  • Currently work together

  • Different levels of expertise in the fields

  • Different ways of processing materials

  • Different logistics and infrastructure

  • Similar customer base

  • Opportunity to maximize returns to both parties


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Industry Issues place

  • Awareness

  • Standards and best practices

  • Export

  • Labor (private, prison, export)

  • Legislative


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Potential solutions place

  • Strong EMS standards & certification

    accountability (downstream), with third party verification

  • Alliances within the industry

  • Strategic alliances with OEM’s

  • Continuing education through The International Electronics Recyclers Institute® (IERI)

  • Accurate industry data (bench mark how well we are meeting our goals)


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IAER place

  • Recognized industry trade association, 100+ members in 15 countries

  • Industry database (website – 60+ K hits/month)

  • Certification program, industry specific, third party audit

  • 2003 Industry Report - updated industry data

  • Electronics Recycling Summit®

  • IERI offering continuing educational opportunities

  • ERCN- Electronics Recycling Collaboration Network



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ELECTRONICS RECYCLING place

INDUSTRY REPORT

International Association

of Electronics Recyclers

Revised May 2004


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For more information – including ordering, go to the web page at:

http://www.iaer.org/communications/indreport.htm


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CONTENTS of the IAER INDUSTRY REPORT page at:

  • Industry Overview

  • Industry Study

    • IAER Industry Survey

    • IAER Research

  • IAER Overview

  • IAER Resources

  • Guide to Services & Programs

  • Industry Directory


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ELECTRONICS RECYCLING INDUSTRY PROCESS MODEL page at:

  • SOURCES/GENERATORS

    • Field Returns

    • Surplus

    • Trade-Ins

    • Obsolete/EOL

OEMs USERS LEASCOs

TRIAGE

  • ELECTRONICS RECYCLING

  • INDUSTRY SEGMENTS/OPERATIONS

    • Asset Management

    • Broker

    • Re-Use

    • De-Manufacturing

    • Parts Recovery

    • Materials Recovery

    • Materials Processing

As-Is

Repair

Refurbish

RESALE

Scrap Equipment

Disassembly

Recover Parts

Separate Materials

RESALE

Materials

Shred, Grind, Separate

Refine, Smelt, Melt, Pelletize

Metals, Glass, Plastics

Primary Materials Processors


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ELECTRONICS RECYCLING PROCESSES page at:

Incoming computer equipment

Disassembly operation

Parts stocking

Chip removal

Photos courtesy of Fox Electronics


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Electronics Shredding Operation page at:

Photos courtesy of United Recycling Industries


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Metals Refining and Sampling Process page at:

Photos courtesy of Metech International


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Respondents to IAER Survey page at:

NFPs

OEMs

Electronics

Recyclers


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Years in the Electronics Recycling Business page at:

>10

3-5

5-10

Number of years


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Number of Employees page at:Involved in Electronics Recycling Operations

>100

51-100

<10

21-50

10-20

Number of employees


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Electronics Recycling Revenue page at:

Annual US$ (millions)

>$10M

<$1M

$5-10M

$1-5M


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Total Volume of Electronics Processed page at:

Annual Volume in Pounds (millions)

>20M

<1M

10-20M

1-2M

5-10M

2-5M


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ELECTRONICS RECYCLERS in the USA page at:

(data from IAER database)

Number

of Recyclers

Not including OEMs & NFPs


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HIGHLIGHTS from IAER SURVEY page at:

  • Electronics recycling companies in the USA: over 400

  • Employees: over 7000

  • Annual Revenue: over $US 700 million

  • Annual Volumes processed:

    • over 1.5 billion pounds (750K tons)

    • including more than 40 million units of computer equipment

    • electronics recycling process yielded approximately 900 million pounds of recyclable materials


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CHALLENGES page at:facing YOUR electronics recycling operations(from IAER Industry Survey)

  • Cost of operations

  • Markets for outputs

  • Sources of equipment

  • Prices for materials & parts

  • Capacity

  • Other


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CHALLENGES page at:facing the electronics recycling INDUSTRY(from IAER Industry Survey)

  • Legislation/regulations

  • Consumer/residential electronics

  • Plastics recycling

    Logistics/transportation

  • Product take-back programs

  • Recycling technology

  • Other


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TOTAL COMPUTERS SHIPPED in the USA page at:

(data from ITIC 4)

Units –

Millions


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CONSUMER ELECTRONICS SHIPPED TO US RETAILERS page at:

Units-

Millions

(data from EPA 5)



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LIFE SPANS OF CONSUMER ELECTRONICS page at:

(from EPA 5)

Years-

range


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CONSUMER ELECTRONICS OUTLOOK page at:

10

Cumulative Volume –

Billions of units

Electronics scrapped by consumers

2

Electronics products owned by consumers

2010

2003


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COMPUTER EQUIPMENT OUTLOOK page at:

2.0

Cumulative Volume –

Billions of units

1.5

Computer products scrapped

1.0

0.5

Computer products installed

2010

2003


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HIGHLIGHTS from IAER RESEARCH page at:Outlook to 2010

  • Consumer electronics:

    • About 3 billion units will be scrapped

    • or an average of about 400 million units/year

  • Computer Equipment (from all sectors):

    • about one billion units will become potential scrap

    • or an average of more than 100 million units/year

  • Electronics Recycling Industry

    • to grow its capacity by a factor of 4 or 5



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RECENT WASTE STREAM DATA page at:

FEDERAL DATA

(EPA/Franklin Associates – 2001)

  • Total generation of consumer electronics waste in the U.S. municipal waste stream

    • Over 2 million tons per year

    • ~1.3% of total municipal waste stream

    • Less than 10% recovered for recycling

      STATE DATA

      (MN, PA, WI, OR, VT Studies: 2000-2002)

  • Consumer electronics represents an average of 1.7% of municipal waste stream


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ITEMS COLLECTED in MUNICIPAL PROGRAMS page at:

(data from EPA 11)

% by number of items


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Material Composition of Consumer Electronics in Municipal Waste Stream

(data from EPA 5)

% by weight


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Composition of Demanufactured Computer Equipment Waste Stream

(data from UMass19)

Plastics &

Trash

Wire

Parts/Asm.


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COST ELEMENTS of RECYCLING Waste Stream

(data from Minnesota 12)

% of total costs


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Reuse of Electronics Waste Stream

TVs

Laptops

Monitors

Keyboards

CPUs

NERC Study - 2003


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EXPORT MARKETS Waste Stream


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OBSERVATIONS Waste Stream

  • Electronics Recycling Industry has been driven by commercial sector

  • Consumer electronics have not been a factor in the market due to costs, value & logistics

  • Computer equipment comprises most of volumes currently recycled

  • Electronics recycling costs money - but also recovers value in products, parts & materials

  • Industry still emerging - fragmented, small Co’s, limited process technology & capital


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IAER Waste Stream

Web Site - http://www.iaer.org

Email - [email protected]


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