Plan for today what do we mean by democracy l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 27

Plan for Today: What do we mean by democracy? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 248 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Plan for Today: What do we mean by democracy?. Introducing two types of definitions of democratic regimes. Outlining implications of choosing different definitions of democracy. Clarifying some things that democracy is not . Democracy. Demos = people -cracy = “rule”.

Download Presentation

Plan for Today: What do we mean by democracy?

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Plan for today what do we mean by democracy l.jpg

Plan for Today:What do we mean by democracy?

Introducing two types of definitions of democratic regimes.

Outlining implications of choosing different definitions of democracy.

Clarifying some things that democracy is not.


Democracy l.jpg

Democracy

  • Demos = people

  • -cracy = “rule”


Regime vs state government l.jpg

“Regime” vs. “State,” “Government”

  • “State”:territorially defined political entity, like “country.”

  • “Government”: collection of particular leaders fulfilling governing positions at any one time.

  • “Regime”: Set of rules & institutions defining political system.


Different types of definitions of democracy l.jpg

Procedural Definitions

Substantive, “Outcome”-focused Definitions

Different types of definitions of democracy

Minimal electoral definitions

More complex procedural definitions

(“liberal democracy”)

Maximalist definitions


Procedural definitions l.jpg

Procedural Definitions

  • Focus on process and rules defining democracy.

  • Most common definitions today in study of democratization.


Procedural definitions6 l.jpg

Procedural Definitions

Complex

Minimalist

Democracy = competitive elections

Additional institutions and/ or liberty protections required


Minimalist electoral definitions l.jpg

Minimalist Electoral Definitions

  • Define democracy by process used to make up governing institutions.

  • Require only multi-candidate, competitive elections.


Minimalist electoral definitions8 l.jpg

Minimalist Electoral Definitions

  • Joseph Schumpeter’s (1943) definition: “individuals acquire the power to decide by means of a competitive struggle for the people’s vote.”

  • Also Przeworski, Huntington


The fallacy of electoralism terry karl l.jpg

“The fallacy of electoralism”(Terry Karl)

  • The belief that elections equal democracy.


Electoral democracies l.jpg

“Electoral democracies”

  • Regimes that have minimal competitive elections, but no other democratic institutions.


More complex procedural definitions l.jpg

More Complex Procedural Definitions

  • Institutions or guarantees of freedoms, as well as elections, must exist to call regime democratic.

    • E.g. Liberal definitions of democracy.


Illiberal democracies fareed zakaria l.jpg

“Illiberal Democracies”(Fareed Zakaria)

  • Everyone has the right to vote among multiple candidates, but human rights and individual liberties are not well observed.

  • Examples: Russia, other post-Soviet, Nigeria, Venezuela.


Complex procedural definitions examples of institutional requirements l.jpg

Complex Procedural Definitions Examples of Institutional Requirements

  • Checks & balances, separation of powers:legislative, executive, & judicial organs separated.

  • Rule of law:legal rules applied fairly and consistently to all citizens.

  • Guaranteed protection of minorities.


Complex procedural definitions examples l.jpg

Complex Procedural Definitions Examples

  • Robert Dahl’s definition of “Polyarchy”:

    • opposition – contestation through elections.

    • participation – the equal right of all adults to vote and run for office.

  • Includes certain civil liberties, argued to be essential.


Complex procedural definitions examples15 l.jpg

Complex Procedural Definitions Examples

  • Schmitter & Karl:Dahl’s requirements plus a few more:

    • Elected leaders must not be subject to veto from unelected officials.

    • Elected officials must be able to make binding decisions without approval of foreign actors.


Complex procedural definitions examples16 l.jpg

Complex Procedural Definitions Examples

  • Larry Diamond adds many institutions for protecting liberal democracy:

    • Constitution.

    • Civil society.

    • Independent media.

    • Independent judiciary.


Different types of definitions of democracy17 l.jpg

Procedural Definitions

Substantive, “Outcome”-focused Definitions

Different types of definitions of democracy

Minimal electoral definitions

More complex procedural definitions

(“liberal democracy”)

Maximalist definitions


Substantive definitions of democracy l.jpg

Substantive Definitions of Democracy

  • Demand that democratic regime must succeed in providing outcomes that promote equality among citizens.


Substantive definitions examples l.jpg

Substantive DefinitionsExamples

  • Participatory democracy or deliberative democracy.

  • e.g. Benjamin Barber: “strong democracy in the participatory mode.”


Substantive definitions examples20 l.jpg

Substantive DefinitionsExamples

  • Equal socio-economic outcomes.

  • e.g. Ann Phillips(feminist): outcomes should allow all women to have equal chance with men at participating.

    • Social and economic inequalities prevent.

    • Actual participation most important measure of democracy.


Different types of definitions of democracy21 l.jpg

Procedural Definitions

Substantive, “Outcome”-focused Definitions

Different types of definitions of democracy

Minimal electoral definitions

More complex procedural definitions

(“liberal democracy”)

Maximalist definitions


Is democracy a continuous or dichotomous variable l.jpg

Is democracy a continuous or dichotomous variable?

  • Dichotomous = 2 values or categories

  • Continuous = a spectrum of infinite measures, not separated into distinct categories


What democracy is not not all good things go together schmitter karl l.jpg

What democracy is not – Not all good things go together(Schmitter & Karl)

  • Not necessarily capitalism or economic freedoms.

  • Not necessarily more orderly, stable, or consensual than nondemocracy.


Diamond on stability l.jpg

Diamond on stability:

  • Democracy depends on minimal coercion and maximum consent.

  • Results in three constant paradoxes re: stability:


Diamond 3 paradoxes related to stability l.jpg

Diamond: 3 paradoxes related to stability

  • Conflict vs. consensus. There must be disagreements and opposition in order to allow competition…Yet not too much disagreement!


Diamond 3 paradoxes related to stability26 l.jpg

Diamond: 3 paradoxes related to stability

  • Representativeness vs. governability. Governments must be responsive to constituencies, yet must be able to govern effectively.


Diamond 3 paradoxes related to stability27 l.jpg

Diamond: 3 paradoxes related to stability

  • Consent vs. effectiveness.

    • Democracy requires consent.

    • Consent based on legitimacy.

    • Legitimacy based on effectiveness.

    • Effectiveness requires unpopular decisions.


  • Login