Old Testament was the Scriptureof the Early Church. 3 who saw Transfiguration. 12 disciples. The 70. 1Co 15:6 Then he appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep. . >500. and all these otherswhowitnessedJesus on the Roadandthe Risen Lord.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
22. Collecting the books
26. ca. 51-100 AD: The New Testament books are written.
But during this same period other early Christian writings are produced:
The Didache (ca. 70)
1 Clement (ca. 96)
The Epistle of Barnabas (ca. 100)
7 Letters of Ignatius of Antioch (ca. 110)
The Shepherd of Hermas (ca. 100)
If you want to read them: www.earlychristianwritings.com
27. Development of the New Testament Canon
28. Development of the New Testament Canon
ca. 140AD: He was a businessman in Rome.
33. ca. 140AD:
There are two Gods:
Yahweh, the cruel God of the Old Testament
Abba, the kind father of the New Testament
41. But the periphery of the canon is not yet determined.
According to one list, compiled at Rome around 200 (often called the Muratorian Canon), the NT consists of:
The 4 Gospels (though first 2 are missing)
13 letters of Paul (Hebrews is not included)
The Apocalypse of Peter.
But not Hebrews, James, 3 John, 1 & 2 Peter, or Revelation
The four Gospels,
and “if it really seems right,” Revelation
2 & 3 John
50. Spurious: Acts of Paul, Shepherd of Hermas, Apocalypse of Peter, Letter of Barnabas, the Didache, the Gospel of the Hebrews and,
“if it seems right,” Revelation
Gospels of Peter, Thomas, Matthias, etc.,
Acts of Andrew, John or other apostles
60. Non-canonical Christian Writings “Apocryphal” works – not accepted into NT Canon
Why not? – written later; different theology; used by heretical groups?
More “Gospels”: Gospels of Thomas, Peter, Judas, etc.
More “Acts”: Acts of Paul, of Peter, of Thomas, etc.
More “Apocalypses”: Apoc. of John, of Peter, etc.
61. Non-canonical Christian Writings “Patristic” works – also not in NT, but different reasons
Why not? – not “apostolic” (i.e., written later, but theology acceptable)
More “Letters/Epistles”: by Barnabas, Clement, Ignatius of Antioch, etc.
More “Homilies/Sermons”: by later bishops & teachers
Other Genres: Biblical commentaries; theological treatises; etc.
4th & 5th Cent. “Creeds”: summary statements of Christian beliefs
62. 1536: Martin Luther translates the Bible from Hebrew and Greek to German.
He assumes that, since Jews wrote the Old Testament, theirs is the correct canon.
He puts the extra 7 books in an appendix that he calls the "Apocrypha."
This is the Old Testament that most Protestants use (Anglicans also use the Apocrypha devotionally).
65. The Reliablity of Transmission
66. Is the Bible reliable in transmission?
80. Some Terms
82. Ancient Writing Materials Papyrus (reed plant)
Cut in strips, flattened
Less expensive, durable
83. P52 - Oldest NT fragment Ca. 125 – 150 C.E. (now in John Rylands Library, Manchester)
front: John 18:31-33 back: John 18:37-38
84. P46 Oldest manuscript of the Pauline letters.
Originally part of the Chester Beatty Papyri
Written ca. AD 200
Total of 104 pages, but several are now missing
Included at least ten of the Pauline letters
This image shows the text of 2 Cor 11:33–12:9
85. Ancient Writing Materials Vellum / Parchment
Animal skins, prepared
More expensive, durable
86. Ancient Writing Format Scroll
Rolled, sealed on outside
Written on one side only
Papyrus or Vellum Codex
Sheets stacked, bound
Written on both sides
Papyrus or Vellum
93. Pre-Constantine Era (1st – 3rd Cent.)
Christians were poor, persecuted, minority
NT texts: only few papyrus scraps survive
94. Biblical Texts Emperor Constantine
Edict of Milan (312 C.E.)
Imperial support of Christianity
Construction of Churches
Full Bible Codices on Vellum some survive from 4th / 5th Cent.:
Codex Alexandrinus, etc.
112. Historical Translations
113. KJV translation 1607 King James commissioned a group to translate the Bible.
Enlisted the best men to work with only the Hebrew and the Greek text
Men were divided into 6 groups to do the translating
3 groups worked on the Old Testament
2 groups worked on the New Testament
1 group worked on the Apocrypha (later dropped)
When these 12 men finished, another group of men reviewed their work
This group added works to make the text flow better in English, these are the Italicized words in your Bible.
The work of the first two groups took 2 years to complete.
The new translation was then submitted to another group for review.
The work was finished by this group in nine months.
The work employed over 54 translators
The Authorized Version then published in 1611.
Authorized by King James, not written by him.
This work was a literal translation, word for word.
More then 5,000 manuscripts were reviewed to complete this work.
117. Modern Translations Amplified New Testament
Amplified Old Testament
Twentieth Century New Testament
Weymouth’s New Testament
New Testament in Basic English
Norlie’s New Testament
New English Bible
New Living Translation
New International version
Good News Bible
Revised Standard Version
119. Word For Word Translations Interlinear Bible
English Standard Version
New American Standard Bible
King James Version
New King James Version
New American Bible
120. Thought for Thought Translations New International Version
New Living Translation
New revised standard version
Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Message Bible
Contemporary English Version
Good News Translation
Today’s New International Version