Identifica ción y descripción de personas
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Identifica ción y descripción de personas







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Identifica ción y descripción de personas. Mosaicos, pp. 9 and 10. How much Spanish do you know?. Cognates. You may know more Spanish than you think!
Identifica ción y descripción de personas

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Slide 1

Identificación y descripción de personas

Mosaicos, pp. 9 and 10

Slide 2

How much Spanish do you know?

Slide 3

Cognates

  • You may know more Spanish than you think!

  • For example, you can already recognize the meaning of some Spanish words that look like their English counterparts. These words are called “cognates.”

  • Examples: pizza (pizza), restaurante (restaurant), pasaporte (passport).

Slide 4

Cognates (cont.)

  • Malena is studying Spanish.

  • Can you help her translate Spanish cognates into English?

  • First, we will learn cognates that use the same form for both masculine and feminine gender.

Slide 5

Modelo 1:

arrogante

=

arrogant

Slide 6

Modelo 2:

competente

=

competent

Slide 7

As you see, Spanish words that end in –ante or –ente correspond to English words that end in –ant or –ent:

importante = important

independiente= independent

Slide 8

Now, follow this simple rule to find the English equivalent to these Spanish words.

Slide 9

eficiente

elegante

inteligente

valiente

Slide 10

eficiente = efficient

elegante = elegant

inteligente = intelligent

valiente = valiant

Slide 11

Some words are a bit different…

paciente

interesante

Slide 12

Some words are a bit different…

paciente = patient

interesante = interesting

Slide 13

Spanish words ending in –ista

=

English words ending in –istic / -ist:

idealista = idealistic

perfeccionista= perfectionist

Slide 14

Now, follow this simple rule to find the English equivalent to these Spanish words

Slide 15

materialista

pesimista

optimista

Slide 16

materialista = materialistic

pesimista = pessimistic

optimista = optimistic

Slide 17

Spanish words ending in -cial

correspond to

English words ending in –tial:

(im)parcial = (im)partial

Slide 18

Spanish words ending in -cional

correspond to

English words ending in –tional:

tradicional = traditional

Slide 19

In some cases, there is no rule but Spanish and English words are still very similar:

rebelde = rebel

responsable = responsible

Slide 20

In other cases, Spanish words look exactly the same as their English translation:

popular = popular

terrible = terrible

sentimental = sentimental

Slide 21

Let’s learn more cognates related to two friends of Malena:

David and John.

Slide 22

David es…

extrovertido

romántico

tranquilo

Slide 23

David es…

extrovertido= extroverted

romántico= romantic

tranquilo= tranquil

Slide 24

David también (also) es…

atlético

moderno

tímido

Slide 25

David también (also) es…

atlético= athletic

moderna= modern

tímico= timid

Slide 26

David también (also) es…

dinámico

generoso

religioso

Slide 27

David también (also) es…

dinámico= dynamic

generoso= generous

religioso= religious

Slide 28

David and John are very different.

Slide 29

John es…

atractivo

ambicioso

lógico

Slide 30

John es…

atractivo= attractive

ambicioso= ambitious

lógico= logical

Slide 31

John también es…

pasivo

serio

agresivo

Slide 32

John también es…

pasivo= passive

serio= serious

agresivo= aggressive

Slide 33

John también es…

cómico

impulsivo

creativo

Slide 34

John también es…

cómico= comical

impulsivo= impulsive

creativo= creative

Slide 35

As you see, there are many Spanish – English cognates.

Slide 36

Falsecognates

However, some words look like cognates, but do not have the same meaning in both languages.

These are called “false cognates.”

Slide 37

Falsecognates (cont.)

Examples:

Lectura looks like lecture but means reading.

Éxito looks like exit but means success.

Embarazada looks like embarrassed but means pregnant.

Slide 38

¡Buen trabajo!

Hoy hemos aprendido (He have learned) vocabulario sobre la identificación y descripción de personas.


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