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Identifica ción y descripción de personas






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Identifica ción y descripción de personas. Mosaicos, pp. 9 and 10. How much Spanish do you know?. Cognates. You may know more Spanish than you think!
Identifica ción y descripción de personas

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Identifica ci n y descripci n de personas l.jpgSlide 1

Identificación y descripción de personas

Mosaicos, pp. 9 and 10

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How much Spanish do you know?

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Cognates

  • You may know more Spanish than you think!

  • For example, you can already recognize the meaning of some Spanish words that look like their English counterparts. These words are called “cognates.”

  • Examples: pizza (pizza), restaurante (restaurant), pasaporte (passport).

Cognates cont l.jpgSlide 4

Cognates (cont.)

  • Malena is studying Spanish.

  • Can you help her translate Spanish cognates into English?

  • First, we will learn cognates that use the same form for both masculine and feminine gender.

Modelo 1 l.jpgSlide 5

Modelo 1:

arrogante

=

arrogant

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Modelo 2:

competente

=

competent

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As you see, Spanish words that end in –ante or –ente correspond to English words that end in –ant or –ent:

importante = important

independiente= independent

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Now, follow this simple rule to find the English equivalent to these Spanish words.

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eficiente

elegante

inteligente

valiente

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eficiente = efficient

elegante = elegant

inteligente = intelligent

valiente = valiant

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Some words are a bit different…

paciente

interesante

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Some words are a bit different…

paciente = patient

interesante = interesting

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Spanish words ending in –ista

=

English words ending in –istic / -ist:

idealista = idealistic

perfeccionista= perfectionist

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Now, follow this simple rule to find the English equivalent to these Spanish words

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materialista

pesimista

optimista

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materialista = materialistic

pesimista = pessimistic

optimista = optimistic

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Spanish words ending in -cial

correspond to

English words ending in –tial:

(im)parcial = (im)partial

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Spanish words ending in -cional

correspond to

English words ending in –tional:

tradicional = traditional

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In some cases, there is no rule but Spanish and English words are still very similar:

rebelde = rebel

responsable = responsible

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In other cases, Spanish words look exactly the same as their English translation:

popular = popular

terrible = terrible

sentimental = sentimental

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Let’s learn more cognates related to two friends of Malena:

David and John.

David es l.jpgSlide 22

David es…

extrovertido

romántico

tranquilo

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David es…

extrovertido= extroverted

romántico= romantic

tranquilo= tranquil

David tambi n also es l.jpgSlide 24

David también (also) es…

atlético

moderno

tímido

David tambi n also es25 l.jpgSlide 25

David también (also) es…

atlético= athletic

moderna= modern

tímico= timid

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David también (also) es…

dinámico

generoso

religioso

David tambi n also es27 l.jpgSlide 27

David también (also) es…

dinámico= dynamic

generoso= generous

religioso= religious

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David and John are very different.

John es l.jpgSlide 29

John es…

atractivo

ambicioso

lógico

John es30 l.jpgSlide 30

John es…

atractivo= attractive

ambicioso= ambitious

lógico= logical

John tambi n es l.jpgSlide 31

John también es…

pasivo

serio

agresivo

John tambi n es32 l.jpgSlide 32

John también es…

pasivo= passive

serio= serious

agresivo= aggressive

John tambi n es33 l.jpgSlide 33

John también es…

cómico

impulsivo

creativo

John tambi n es34 l.jpgSlide 34

John también es…

cómico= comical

impulsivo= impulsive

creativo= creative

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As you see, there are many Spanish – English cognates.

False cognates l.jpgSlide 36

Falsecognates

However, some words look like cognates, but do not have the same meaning in both languages.

These are called “false cognates.”

False cognates cont l.jpgSlide 37

Falsecognates (cont.)

Examples:

Lectura looks like lecture but means reading.

Éxito looks like exit but means success.

Embarazada looks like embarrassed but means pregnant.

Buen trabajo l.jpgSlide 38

¡Buen trabajo!

Hoy hemos aprendido (He have learned) vocabulario sobre la identificación y descripción de personas.


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