. How much Spanish do you know?. Cognates. You may know more Spanish than you think!For example, you can already recognize the meaning of some Spanish words that look like their English counterparts. These words are called
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Identificación y descripción de personas
Mosaicos, pp. 9 and 10
How much Spanish do you know?
As you see, Spanish words that end in –ante or –ente correspond to English words that end in –ant or –ent:
importante = important
Now, follow this simple rule to find the English equivalent to these Spanish words.
eficiente = efficient
elegante = elegant
inteligente = intelligent
valiente = valiant
paciente = patient
interesante = interesting
Spanish words ending in –ista
English words ending in –istic / -ist:
idealista = idealistic
Now, follow this simple rule to find the English equivalent to these Spanish words
materialista = materialistic
pesimista = pessimistic
optimista = optimistic
Spanish words ending in -cial
English words ending in –tial:
(im)parcial = (im)partial
Spanish words ending in -cional
English words ending in –tional:
tradicional = traditional
In some cases, there is no rule but Spanish and English words are still very similar:
rebelde = rebel
responsable = responsible
In other cases, Spanish words look exactly the same as their English translation:
popular = popular
terrible = terrible
sentimental = sentimental
Let’s learn more cognates related to two friends of Malena:
David and John.
David and John are very different.
As you see, there are many Spanish – English cognates.
However, some words look like cognates, but do not have the same meaning in both languages.
These are called “false cognates.”
Lectura looks like lecture but means reading.
Éxito looks like exit but means success.
Embarazada looks like embarrassed but means pregnant.
Hoy hemos aprendido (He have learned) vocabulario sobre la identificación y descripción de personas.