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Identifica ción y descripción de personas PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Identifica ción y descripción de personas. Mosaicos, pp. 9 and 10. How much Spanish do you know?. Cognates. You may know more Spanish than you think!

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Identifica ción y descripción de personas

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Identificación y descripción de personas

Mosaicos, pp. 9 and 10


How much Spanish do you know?


Cognates

  • You may know more Spanish than you think!

  • For example, you can already recognize the meaning of some Spanish words that look like their English counterparts. These words are called “cognates.”

  • Examples: pizza (pizza), restaurante (restaurant), pasaporte (passport).


Cognates (cont.)

  • Malena is studying Spanish.

  • Can you help her translate Spanish cognates into English?

  • First, we will learn cognates that use the same form for both masculine and feminine gender.


Modelo 1:

arrogante

=

arrogant


Modelo 2:

competente

=

competent


As you see, Spanish words that end in –ante or –ente correspond to English words that end in –ant or –ent:

importante = important

independiente= independent


Now, follow this simple rule to find the English equivalent to these Spanish words.


eficiente

elegante

inteligente

valiente


eficiente = efficient

elegante = elegant

inteligente = intelligent

valiente = valiant


Some words are a bit different…

paciente

interesante


Some words are a bit different…

paciente = patient

interesante = interesting


Spanish words ending in –ista

=

English words ending in –istic / -ist:

idealista = idealistic

perfeccionista= perfectionist


Now, follow this simple rule to find the English equivalent to these Spanish words


materialista

pesimista

optimista


materialista = materialistic

pesimista = pessimistic

optimista = optimistic


Spanish words ending in -cial

correspond to

English words ending in –tial:

(im)parcial = (im)partial


Spanish words ending in -cional

correspond to

English words ending in –tional:

tradicional = traditional


In some cases, there is no rule but Spanish and English words are still very similar:

rebelde = rebel

responsable = responsible


In other cases, Spanish words look exactly the same as their English translation:

popular = popular

terrible = terrible

sentimental = sentimental


Let’s learn more cognates related to two friends of Malena:

David and John.


David es…

extrovertido

romántico

tranquilo


David es…

extrovertido= extroverted

romántico= romantic

tranquilo= tranquil


David también (also) es…

atlético

moderno

tímido


David también (also) es…

atlético= athletic

moderna= modern

tímico= timid


David también (also) es…

dinámico

generoso

religioso


David también (also) es…

dinámico= dynamic

generoso= generous

religioso= religious


David and John are very different.


John es…

atractivo

ambicioso

lógico


John es…

atractivo= attractive

ambicioso= ambitious

lógico= logical


John también es…

pasivo

serio

agresivo


John también es…

pasivo= passive

serio= serious

agresivo= aggressive


John también es…

cómico

impulsivo

creativo


John también es…

cómico= comical

impulsivo= impulsive

creativo= creative


As you see, there are many Spanish – English cognates.


Falsecognates

However, some words look like cognates, but do not have the same meaning in both languages.

These are called “false cognates.”


Falsecognates (cont.)

Examples:

Lectura looks like lecture but means reading.

Éxito looks like exit but means success.

Embarazada looks like embarrassed but means pregnant.


¡Buen trabajo!

Hoy hemos aprendido (He have learned) vocabulario sobre la identificación y descripción de personas.


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