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1. Identificacin y descripcin de personas Mosaicos, pp. 9 and 10
2. How much Spanish do you know?
3. Cognates You may know more Spanish than you think!
For example, you can already recognize the meaning of some Spanish words that look like their English counterparts. These words are called cognates.
Examples: pizza (pizza), restaurante (restaurant), pasaporte (passport).
4. Cognates (cont.) Malena is studying Spanish.
Can you help her translate Spanish cognates into English?
First, we will learn cognates that use the same form for both masculine and feminine gender.
5. Modelo 1: arrogante
6. Modelo 2: competente
7. As you see, Spanish words that end in ante or ente correspond to English words that end in ant or ent:
importante = important
independiente = independent
8. Now, follow this simple rule to find the English equivalent to these Spanish words.
10. eficiente = efficient
elegante = elegant
inteligente = intelligent
valiente = valiant
11. Some words are a bit different paciente
12. Some words are a bit different paciente = patient
interesante = interesting
13. Spanish words ending in ista
English words ending in istic / -ist:
idealista = idealistic
perfeccionista = perfectionist
14. Now, follow this simple rule to find the English equivalent to these Spanish words
materialista = materialistic
pesimista = pessimistic
optimista = optimistic
17. Spanish words ending in -cial
English words ending in tial:
(im)parcial = (im)partial
18. Spanish words ending in -cional
English words ending in tional:
tradicional = traditional
19. In some cases, there is no rule but Spanish and English words are still very similar:
rebelde = rebel
responsable = responsible
20. In other cases, Spanish words look exactly the same as their English translation:
popular = popular
terrible = terrible
sentimental = sentimental
21. Lets learn more cognates related to two friends of Malena:
David and John.
22. David es extrovertido
23. David es extrovertido = extroverted
romntico = romantic
tranquilo = tranquil
24. David tambin (also) es atltico
25. David tambin (also) es atltico = athletic
moderna = modern
tmico = timid
26. David tambin (also) es dinmico
27. David tambin (also) es dinmico = dynamic
generoso = generous
religioso = religious
28. David and John are very different.
29. John es atractivo
30. John es atractivo = attractive
ambicioso = ambitious
lgico = logical
31. John tambin es pasivo
32. John tambin es pasivo = passive
serio = serious
agresivo = aggressive
33. John tambin es cmico
34. John tambin es cmico = comical
impulsivo = impulsive
creativo = creative
35. As you see, there are many Spanish English cognates.
36. False cognates However, some words look like cognates, but do not have the same meaning in both languages.
These are called false cognates.
37. False cognates (cont.) Examples:
Lectura looks like lecture but means reading.
xito looks like exit but means success.
Embarazada looks like embarrassed but means pregnant.
38. Buen trabajo! Hoy hemos aprendido (He have learned) vocabulario sobre la identificacin y descripcin de personas.