Five essential components in reading
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Five Essential Components in Reading . Bingo. Directions. For each of the five essential components the following elements will be presented: definition, examples (activities), high priority skills, and instructional research. After each slide, mark the appropriate

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Directions l.jpg
Directions

For each of the five essential components

the following elements will be presented:

definition, examples (activities), high

priority skills, and instructional research.

After each slide, mark the appropriate

spot on your Bingo card until you make a

Bingo.


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Blending two and three sounds to make

words.

Segmenting spoken words into individual

Sounds.


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Phonemic Awareness

High priority skills in kindergarten


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In small groups, the students list as many

meanings as they can think of for the

word, main.


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Vocabulary

Example


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Keep the end in mind. Have students

apply phonics skills daily in reading

and writing activities.


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Phonics

Instructional research


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Reads 110 words correct in a minute with

phrasing and appropriate expression.


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Fluency

High priority skill for third grade


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Before reading an information passage,

the teacher has students make

predictions about that they think they will

learn.


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Comprehension

Example


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Teacher places three picture on the

board. She says three individual sounds

out loud that represent the name of one of

the pictures. Students listen and say the

word.



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Blends sounds in printed words together

and reads words as a whole accurately.


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Phonics

High priority skill in first grade


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Teacher models reading of a passage

explicitly teaching smooth reading and

pausing at punctuation.


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Fluency

Example


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Learns and uses unfamiliar words

introduced in stories and informational

text.


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Vocabulary

High priority skill for all grade levels.


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Retell the main idea of stories or

informational text.

Answers literal, inferential and evaluative

questions about a passage.


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Comprehension

High priority skill for first - sixth grade


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The teacher tells the students that -dge

and -ge both stand for /j/ at the end of

words. Students then sort a group of

twenty -ge and -dge words to determine

when the -dge spelling is used. Students

read the words once they are sorted.


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Phonics

Example


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Students move three chips into sound

boxes as they say single sounds of the

word /h/ /ou/ /se/ (house).



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During reading, students stop and discuss

at predetermined spots in the passage

what the gist of that section is:

Who or what is the passage mostly

about?

What is important about the who or what?

Tell me that in a main idea statement.


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Comprehension

Example


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Use relatively brief sessions (15-20

minutes) with texts that students are

reading with 90-95% accuracy.


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Fluency

Instructional research


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Students attempt to define the word

burden by reading this sentence:

the pilgrim’s burden weighed heavily on

his shoulders as he ascended the steep

mountain trail.


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Vocabulary

Example


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Understanding that words are made up of

letters, sounds are connected to letters,

and can use these letter and letter

combinations to read and spell unfamiliar

words.


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Phonics

Definition


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Children pair up and do repeated

reading of a passage to improve

automaticity and phrasing.


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Fluency

Example


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Complex process of listening/reading and

reacting to spoken/written text in a

meaningful way


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Comprehension

Definition


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Make sure students know meanings of

words that are used in sound blending

and sound segmenting activities.


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Phonemic Awareness

Instructional research


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Understanding and use of words to

acquire and convey meaning (mental

dictionary).


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Vocabulary

Definition


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Explicitly teach rather than mention or

assess. Teaching students to be strategic

will take time.


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Comprehension

Instructional research


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The teacher points to the written word

matador and asks how many syllables

are in the word.


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Phonics

Example


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Ability to read words in grade level text

accurately with automaticity and with

proper expression.


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Fluency

Definition


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Awareness that spoken words are made

up of individual sounds.


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Phonemic Awareness

Definition


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Repetitions and multiple exposures (4-12)

to word in a variety of contexts.


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Vocabulary

Instructional research


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