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World Geography Chapter 1 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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World Geography Chapter 1. How Geographers Look at the World. Section 1. Themes of Geography. Five Themes of Geography. Geography Greek word geographia A “description of the earth” Location Where is it? Absolute Location Its precise position on the globe

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World Geography Chapter 1

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World geography chapter 1 l.jpg

World GeographyChapter 1

How Geographers Look at the World


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Section 1

Themes of Geography


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Five Themes of Geography

  • Geography

    • Greek word geographia

      • A “description of the earth”

  • Location

    • Where is it?

    • Absolute Location

      • Its precise position on the globe

      • They use imaginary lines to determine absolute location

        • Latitude and Longitude

        • Creates hemisphere

          • two halves


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Location (Con’t)

  • Latitude

    • Circle earth parallel to the equator measuring North and South

      • Equator 0º latitude

      • Poles are 90º (North) and 90º (south) Latitude

  • Longitude

    • Lines from pole to pole measuring east or west from Prime Meridian

      • Prime Meridian is over Greenwich, England


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Location (Con’t)

  • Absolute location

    • Gives the exact location

      • Dallas, Texas

        • 36ºN, 144ºW

  • Relative Location

    • Mostly used by standard people

    • Where it is in relationship to a person, place or thing

      • Ex.

        • Ash Grove is NW of Springfield

        • Campbell 16 is across from McDonald’s off of Campbell Ave.


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Place

  • What is it like there?

    • Type of land, water, weather, soil, plant and animal life

    • Also human activities and culture


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Human/Environment Interaction

  • What is the relationship between people and their environment?

    • Why do people visit Hawaii instead of Alaska?

  • How do humans adapt?

  • How have they damaged the environment?


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Movement

  • How are people and places connected?

  • Interested in the movement of goods, information and ideas

  • Region

    • Description of areas based on different characteristics

      • Midwest called the Bread Basket

      • Gulf Coast


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    Geography and Other Subjects

    • Science and technology

      • Scientific method

      • GIS

      • GPS

      • Google Earth

    • History and political science

      • Historical designs

      • Past leaders

      • Political boundaries


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    Geography and Other Subjects (Con’t)

    • Sociology and Anthropology

      • Study of society and culture

    • Economics

      • How the location of resources affects the way people make, transport and use goods


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    Map Essentials

    • Key

      • Explains the symbols on a map

        • Unlocks the meanings of the map

    • Scale

      • Used to determine size of map

        • Hawaii map vs. Missouri map

    • Compass Rose

      • Used to determine direction

    • Latitude

    • Longitude


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    Map Types

    • General purpose maps

      • Physical Map

        • Physical features of Earth’s surface

      • Political

        • Countries, states, cities, capitals, etc.

      • Special Purpose Maps

        • Ex.

          • Natural Resources… Road Maps


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    Comparing Maps and Globes

    • Taking something round and making it flat

      • Ex.

        • Tennis Ball

        • Orange

    • Great Circle

      • Shortest distance between two spots on earth


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    Map Projection

    • Mercator Projection

      • Fairly accurate however not with size or distance

        • Specifically at the poles

    • Conic Projection

      • Fairly accurate overall

    • Goode’s Interrupted Equal Area Projection

      • Show’s true size and shape

      • However distances are inaccurate


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    Map Projections (Con’t)

    • Robinson’s Projection

      • Overall fairly accurate

      • However poles distorted

    • Gall-Peter’s Projection

      • Size accurate

      • Shapes and distances are inaccurate


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