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What You Should Know About . TB. Tuberculosis:. Not Just a Disease from the Past. What is TB (Tuberculosis)?. A disease caused by bacteria Usually affects the lungs. What is TB (Tuberculosis)?. Spread in the air Can be cured with medicine. Latent TB Infection. TB Disease.

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Tuberculosis:

Not Just a

Disease from

the Past


What is tb tuberculosis l.jpg
What is TB (Tuberculosis)?

  • A disease caused by bacteria

  • Usually affects the lungs


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What is TB (Tuberculosis)?

  • Spread in the air

  • Can be cured with medicine


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Latent TB Infection

TB Disease

There are 2 types of TB


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Latent TB Infection

TB Disease

Both of these conditions are treatable and curable


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Latent TB Infection

  • You have breathed in TB germs

  • You feel fine, and are not sick

  • You cannot spread TB germs to others


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Latent TB Infection

A person with latent TB infection:

  • Has a positive skin test

  • Has a normalchest x-ray


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Latent TB Infection

TB germs can stay in your body without making you sick

Your body’s defenses are able to keep the germs from hurting you

D

TB



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TB Infection/Positive Skin Test is Very Common… TB infection

About 1 out of every 3 people in the world is infected with TB germs




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HIV and become active and break outLatent TB Infection

Latent TB + HIV=

very high risk for

TB Disease


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The risk of getting become active and break outTB Disease is

800 times greater

for a person with HIV infection


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Who Should Get a TB Skin Test? become active and break out

  • Everyone should have a TB skin test at least once

  • You should also be tested if there is any chance you have been around a person who has TB disease or if someone in your family has TB disease


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If You Have HIV Infection become active and break out

Get tested for TB atleast

once a year


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You Should be Tested if You… become active and break out

  • have diabetes

  • have certain lung diseases

  • are undergoing treatment with drugs that affect the body’s immune system


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You Should be Tested if You… become active and break out

  • are from a country where TB disease is very common

  • do not get regular medical care, especially if you live in a low-income community or are homeless

  • work in or are a resident of a long-term care facility such as a nursing home

  • work in or have served time in a prison


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You Should be Tested if You… become active and break out

  • are underweight

  • are an alcoholic or you use illegal drugs

  • are a healthcare worker


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TB Skin Test become active and break out

A skin test is an easy way to tell if you have TB infection


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TB Skin Test become active and break out

  • Two or three days after your skin test, a healthcare worker will need to check to see if there is a reaction to the test

  • The healthcare worker will look for and measure any bump that may appear at the place on your arm where the test was given


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When You Have become active and break outTB Disease

  • You have a positive skin test

  • You have a bad chest x-ray

  • You feel sick

  • You can spread TB germs to others


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TB Disease become active and break out

TB disease can be cured with medicine!!


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How TB Germs are Spread become active and break out

When a person with TB disease

  • Coughs

  • Sneezes

  • Shouts

  • Sings

    They send TB germs into the air


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You Get TB From: become active and break out

  • Being in very close contact with someone who is sick with

    TB disease


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Remember! become active and break out

You cannot get TB from someone with latent TB infection!!


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TB Germs are NOT Spread by Sharing: become active and break out

  • Spoons and forks

  • Drinking glasses

  • Bathrooms


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TB germs are NOT spread by handling: become active and break out

  • Bedding

  • Trash

  • Clothes or towels

  • Food


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TB Prevention & Protection become active and break out

6 tips for you and your family


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Persistent Cough become active and break out

Constant tiredness

Weight loss

Night sweats

Loss of appetite

Fever

Chest pain

Spitting up blood

1. Know the Signs and Symptoms of TB Disease


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HIV infection become active and break out

Substance abuse

Recent TB infection

Diabetes

Low body weight

Cancer of head and neck

2. Know Risk Factors forTB Disease


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3. TB Chest X-ray: become active and break out

  • If you have a positive skin test (TB infection), get a chest x-ray and make sure you do not have TB disease


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4. Treatment for Latent TB Infection (Preventive) become active and break out

  • If you have a positive skin test(latent TB infection)a doctor can give you medicine to prevent you from gettingTB Diseasein the future


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TB become active and break out

Why Take My Medications?

  • TB can kill you

  • Taking your medicine can save your life!

  • You will probably feel better after the first few weeks of treatment, but you must KEEP taking your medicine until your doctor tells you to stop


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TB become active and break out

Why Take My Medications?

  • TB can Kill you! If you stop taking your medicine too soon, the TB can come back; it can make you very sick

  • Taking your medicine can keep you from spreading TB to your family, friends and others you have close contact with


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How become active and break outLong Do I Have to Take Medicine?

  • Most people with TB have to take medicine regularly for at least 6 months or even longer

  • Your doctor will tell you when to stop


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TB become active and break out

If You Stop the Medicine

  • If you stop taking the medicine, the germs will come back

  • These germs will be even stronger

  • Medication may not work on these stronger germs


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5. Fresh Air is Best become active and break out

  • TB cannot spread in fresh air

  • Open windows or use fans to circulate air


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6. Live Healthy: become active and break out

  • Eat right

  • Get enough sleep

  • Keep your immune system strong


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Remember! become active and break out

Only people who are sick with TB disease can spread TB

TB is a disease that can be prevented and cured


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Where to Get Tested become active and break out

Sedgwick County Health Department Tuberculosis Skin Testing, Diagnosis and Treatment

660-7300


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Developed by Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Division:

Sedgwick County Health Department


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Resources Division:

  • Facts About the TB Skin Test, American Lung Association, 2/95

  • Tuberculosis Fact Sheet, American Lung Association, November 2003

  • Tuberculosis: General Information, CDC, Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, August 5, 1999


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