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Global Corruption Barometer 2010 Dhaka 9 December 2010. TI Global Corruption Barometer 2010. Contents The Barometer: What is it? What for? Topics covered Methodology Country/Regional coverage Findings Key Messages. Measuring Corruption. Transparency International Tools

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Global

Corruption

Barometer 2010

Dhaka

9 December 2010


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TI Global Corruption Barometer 2010

Contents

  • The Barometer: What is it? What for?

  • Topics covered

  • Methodology

  • Country/Regional coverage

  • Findings

  • Key Messages


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Measuring Corruption

  • Transparency International Tools

    • Corruption Perceptions Index – international ranking (score) based on Survey of Surveys on perceptions of business, business analysts, investors, investment analysts and country specialists on political and administrative corruption.

    • Global Corruption Report – Annual Report based on research by international and country experts on a selected theme, e.g., Environment (2010), Private Sector (2009) Water (2008), Judiciary, Education, Health, etc

    • Bribe Payers Index – Measure of bribe-paying by foreign firms in countries of destination

    • Global Corruption Barometer - survey of public attitudes toward and experience of corruption


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What is the Barometer 2010?

  • The biggest worldwide public opinion survey on perceptions and experiences of corruption - Seven editions since 2003

    What is the Barometer for?

  • To complement CPI, BPI, GCR

  • To offer an overview of the people’s experience of corruption and their views on corruption.

  • To comprehend the extent to which key public agencies are perceived to be corrupt

  • Indicate priorities for reform and goals for advocacy (this year added questions on people’s willingness to stand up to corruption).

  • To trigger demand for more in-depth analyses.


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GCB-2010: Topics covered

  • People’s perceptions about corruption in key sectors.

  • How respondents rate their government in the fight against corruption.

  • People’s experiences with bribery when interacting with different public services & reasons to pay bribes.

  • Changes in corruption levels in the past 3 years, as perceived by the general public (where applicable).

  • Whom does the public trust the most to fight corruption in their country.

  • People’s attitudes towards the fight against corruption and towards reporting a corruption incident.


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GCB-2010: Respondents

  • 91,781 people in 86 countries– Biggest coverage ever

  • Men and women aged 16+

  • Most samples are national. However in 14 countries samples are urban only.

  • All samples have been weighted to ensure that they are representative of national and global populations.

  • New countries in 2010: Australia, Bangladesh, China, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu

  • Survey reference period: June 2009-May 2010 except on a few questions



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Sampling Design and process - Bangladesh

Sampling Techniques

  • Multi-stage Stratified Cluster Sampling (Probability sampling) with the help of Integrated Multi-purpose Sampling Frame (IMPS) of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS).

  • Total PSUs selected in 64 districts -300

  • Total sample size 1049

  • Data collection period: June 9 - July 20, 2010

  • Global Margin of Error +/- 2.18% to 4.40%

Steps in selecting respondents-

  • First stage - Random PSU selection from each of 16 strata

  • Second stage – Creation of random block of 200 HHs in each PSU

  • Third stage – Systematic selection ( in a 10 HHs interval) of 20

  • Fourth stage – select 4 hhs from urban & 3 from rural

  • Fifth stage – Random selection of household member as respondent (age 18+) using Kish Grid technique.







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GCB-2010: Key Findings

  • Corruption levels around the world are seen by the general public as increasing over the past three years.

  • Political parties are identified as the most corrupt institution around the world.

  • Experience of petty bribery with different service providers is widespread

  • The police is identified as the most frequent collectors of bribes in the past 12 months.

  • The reason most often given for paying a bribe is ‘to avoid a problem with the authorities’.


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GCB-2010: Key Findings (contd)

  • Across the world, one in two considers their government’s actions to be ineffective to stop corruption.

  • People have little trust in formal institutions to fight corruption: one in four persons worldwide does not trust any particular institution to be capable “most of all” to fight corruption.

  • People are willing to report on corruption when it occurs

  • There is significant belief that the public has a role to stop corruption


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Percentages of Respondents who experienced

petty corruption in last 12 months:

Globally, Regionally, in Bangladesh


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Percentage of respondents who experienced

petty bribery: globally and in South Asia countries


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Political parties, Parliament & Policeviewed as the most corrupt institution globally

Source: Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 2004 and 2010. Percentages are weighted.


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Bangladesh: Police, Public Officials, Political Parties & Judiciary perceived as most corrupt


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Police is the public institution seen to most frequently collect bribes

Source: Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 2010. Percentages are weighted.


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Police, Judiciary, Land services, License & Permit,

Utilities are the key collectors of petty bribery:

Global, Asia-Pacific and Bangladesh


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Bribery: the poor are the most victims

Source: Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 2010. Percentages are weighted.


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Reasons why people pay bribe:

Globally and in Bangladesh


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Effectiveness of Government’s efforts to fight corruption

Source: Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 2010. Percentages are weighted.


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Percentage of people who believe in the Government’s capacity to fight corruption:Globally, Regionally and in Bangladesh


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Whom do people trust more to fight corruption? capacity to fight corruption:

Globally and in Bangladesh


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Bangladesh capacity to fight corruption:

Role of people in the fight against corruption

Globally and in Bangladesh


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Key messages capacity to fight corruption:

  • Corruption on the rise according to people, but more people think so in Europe and North America

  • Petty bribery steady, with the poor hardest hit.

  • More people pay bribes to the police than any of the nine public services covered

  • People are willing to stand up to corruption – one in seven people said they would report corruption

  • Need to mobilise this willingness to fight corruption

  • Trust must be restored in key institutions – political parties, parliament, police, public service, judiciary

  • Primacy of the political commitment


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Thank you capacity to fight corruption:


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