The power of the text ge ez an ancient ethiopic script in prince george s county maryland
Download
1 / 28

THE POWER OF THE TEXT: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 366 Views
  • Updated On :

THE POWER OF THE TEXT: Ge’ez: An Ancient Ethiopic Script in Prince George’s County, Maryland . Janet Chernela, Bethany Applebaum, Amy Carattini, Rachel Menyuk, Noelle Haile, and Shoshi Weiss (U Maryland). Ge’ez: An Ancient Script Preserved Through Time. Ge’ez: An Ancient Script.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'THE POWER OF THE TEXT:' - Sophia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
The power of the text ge ez an ancient ethiopic script in prince george s county maryland l.jpg

THE POWER OF THE TEXT:Ge’ez: An Ancient Ethiopic Script in Prince George’s County, Maryland

Janet Chernela, Bethany Applebaum, Amy Carattini, Rachel Menyuk, Noelle Haile, and Shoshi Weiss

(U Maryland)



Ge ez an ancient script l.jpg
Ge’ez: An Ancient Script

  • Ge’ez (ɡɨʕɨz), also known as Ethiopic, is a Semitic language that developed in the horn of Africa. It was the official language of the Kingdom of Aksum and the Ethiopian imperial court. It was a spoken language until the tenth century.

  • Versions of Ge’ez formed the languages of present-day Ethiopia: Tigrina in the north and Amharic in the south.

  • A written form of Ge’ez was preserved specifically for religious purposes.


Ge ez a written but not spoken language l.jpg
Ge’ez: A Written, But Not Spoken, Language

  • Ge’ez is an alphasyllabary script, called an abugida, in which a character represents a consonant and a vowel together. This is different from alphabetic script, where each character denotes one sound -- either a consonant or a vowel.

  • Ge’ez has 26 main symbols. Some Ge’ez symbols appear to be pictographic, such as the symbol for house, while others are phonetic – indicating sound.


More on ge ez l.jpg
More on Ge’ez

  • Ge’ez characters also carry numeric values; the numeric system reaches the number 5600. The symbols can also be organized into a calendar of one-half year or one equinox, with months of 30 days each.

  • Unlike other Semitic scripts that are written right-to-left, Ge’ez is written left-to-right.


Today ge ez is the liturgical language of the ethiopian orthodox church l.jpg
Today, Ge’ez is the liturgical language of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

This Ethiopian Orthodox Church is in Prince George’s County, Maryland.


Debre genet medhane alem ethiopian orthodox tewahedo church l.jpg
Debre Genet Medhane Alem Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church Orthodox Church.

This is the entrance to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church in Temple Hills, Maryland.



African immigrants are among the newest citizens of maryland l.jpg
African immigrants are among the newest citizens of Maryland.

  • There are about 400,000 African born residents in the US.

  • Nearly 70% of Africans living in the US today arrived within the past 25 years.

  • Washington D.C. Metropolitan Area (including Maryland and Virginia suburbs) is site of the largest concentration of African immigrants in the country.

    • Ethiopian immigrants constitute largest subset, 18,000 people.


Ethiopian immigrants in maryland l.jpg
Ethiopian Immigrants in Maryland Maryland.

Of the 18,000 Ethiopian immigrants in the Washington, D.C. Area,

over half (10,712) reside in Maryland.






The ethiopian holy scriptures in processions l.jpg
The Ethiopian Holy Scriptures in Processions New and Old Testament texts.

Ethiopia

Maryland


Another sacred ethiopian text the kebra nagast l.jpg
Another Sacred Ethiopian Text: New and Old Testament texts.The Kebra Nagast

  • The Kebra Nagast (also Kebra Negast) is a sacred book of the Ethiopian Orthodox church. In English it is called The Book of the Glory of Kings.

  • The Kebra Nagast was first written in Coptic. It was later copied by hand into Arabic, and finally, into Ge’ez.

  • In its present form, the Kebra Nagast is at least 700 years old.


The kebra nagast text and the arc of the covenant l.jpg
The Kebra Nagast Text and the Arc of the Covenant New and Old Testament texts.

  • According to the Kebra Nagast, the Arc of the Covenant with the tablets received by Moses on Mt. Sinai, was taken from Jerusalem to Ethiopia by Menelik I.

  • This is an important foundational text for Ethiopians.


The covenant a sacred text l.jpg
The New and Old Testament texts.Covenant: A Sacred Text

Replicas of the powerful text are carried throughout Ethiopia in processions of the important Tabot ceremony.


The covenant a sacred text19 l.jpg
The New and Old Testament texts.Covenant: A Sacred Text

A replica is also carried in the Tabot ceremony in Maryland.

Tabot procession, EthiopiaTabot Procession, Maryland


Musical texts l.jpg
Musical Texts New and Old Testament texts.

Liturgical music written in Ge’ez, requiring lessons and memorization, is part of the religious service.



The mahlet this will be the video l.jpg
The Amharic, and English Mahlet [This will be the VIDEO]


The power of writing similarities and differences l.jpg
The Power of Writing: Similarities and Differences Amharic, and English

  • The way Ge’ez is preserved for religious texts is similar to the way Hebrew was kept as a written language when it was not spoken. Hebrew was revived as a spoken language after 1600 years.

  • Latin, another language that is written but not spoken, has a special role in religious and legal matters.

  • Ge’ez is kept alive by a specialized priesthood that is able to read it and to write it.


Who we are l.jpg
Who We Are Amharic, and English

Noelle Haile, Amy Carattini, Bethany Applebaum, Shoshi Weiss


We thank reverend zebene lemma l.jpg
We Thank Reverend Zebene Lemma Amharic, and English

Rachel Menyuk and Reverend Zebene Lemma


Bibliography l.jpg
Bibliography Amharic, and English

Adugna, Gebeyehu

1998. African Immigration in the Modern Era. College Park: Center for Information Policy, University of Maryland.

Arthur, John.

2000. Invisible Sojourners: African Immigrant Diaspora in the United States. Westport: Praeger.

Bakhtin, Mikhail

Brandon, George. 1997. Yoruba. In American Immigrant Cultures: Builders of a Nation. David Levinson and Melvin Ember, eds. New York: MacMillan

Bucholtz, Mary

1996 Cultural Performances: Proceedings of the Third Berkley Women and Language Conference April 1994. Berkley: Berkley Women and Language Group, University ofCalifornia.

Chacko, Elizabeth

2003. Ethiopian Ethos and the Creation of Ethnic Places in the Washington Metropolitan Area. Journal of Cultural Geography. 20 (2): 21-42.

Chambers, Erve.

2006. Heritage Matters: Heritage, Culture, History, and the Chesapeake Bay. Maryland: Sea Grant Publication.

Eckert, Penelope

2000 Linguistic Variation as Social Practice: The Linguistic Construction of Identity in Beltin

High. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers.

Holmes, Janet & Miriam Meyerhoff

1999 The Community of Practice: Theories and Methodologies in Language and Gender Research. Language in Society 28(2): 173-183.


Bibliography27 l.jpg
Bibliography Amharic, and English

Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, Barbara

1995. Theorizing Heritage. Ethnomusicology, 39(3): 367-380.

Lave, Jean & Etienne Wenger

1991. Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation. Cambridge: Cambridge. University Press.

Oral and Written Transmission in Ethiopian Christian Chant

Shelemay, Kay Kaufman; Peter Jeffery; Ingrid Monson

1993 Early Music History, Vol. 12. pp. 55-117.

Speer, Tibbett. 1994. The Newest African Americans aren't Black. American Demographics 16(1):9-10.

_____ 1995. A Cracked Door; U.S. Policy welcome's only Africa's brightest and richest. Emerge 6(9):36.

Turner, Victor

1986. Dewey, Dilthey, and Drama: An Essay in the Anthropology of Experience. The Anthropology of Experience. Edited by Victor W. Turner and Edward M. Burner. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 33-44.

Wenger, Etienne

1998. Communities of Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge Univesity Press.

Wilson, Jill.

2003. African Immigrants in Metropolitan Washington: A Demographic Overview. Presentation to the African Immigrants and Refugees Foundation. Nov. 18.

Worku, Nida

2007. African Religious Beliefs and Practices in Diaspora: An Ethnographic Observation of Activities at an Ethiopian Orthodox Christian Church in Los Angeles. African Immigrant Religions in America. Edited by Jacob K. Olupona and Regina Gemignani. New York: New York University Press, 207-226.


Photo images and acknowledgments l.jpg
Photo Images and Acknowledgments Amharic, and English

All photographs in Maryland were taken by our research team.

Ethiopia photo images from www.brigish.com/wazee/ethiopia/legend.htm

www.selamta.net/Ark%2520of%2520the%2520Covenant

We wish to thank the Center for Heritage Resource Studies and the Department of Anthropology of the University of Maryland.

We can be reached [email protected], [email protected]


ad