religion
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Religion

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 22

religion - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 195 Views
  • Uploaded on

Religion. Religion as a Social Institution. Religion: Set of institutionalized beliefs and practices that deal with the meaning of life Beliefs and actions related to the supernatural Relieves anxiety when the world doesn’t make sense. Elements of Religion. Religious Beliefs:

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' religion' - Sophia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
religion as a social institution
Religion as a Social Institution
  • Religion:
    • Set of institutionalized beliefs and practices that deal with the meaning of life
    • Beliefs and actions related to the supernatural
    • Relieves anxiety when the world doesn’t make sense
elements of religion
Elements of Religion
  • Religious Beliefs:
    • Define the supernatural/divine order, clarify humans’ role
    • Organize perceptions of the world
    • Create a guide for behavior
elements of religion4
Elements of Religion
  • Religious Beliefs:
    • Myth: Narrative stories about supernatural forces or beings
      • Serve to express core beliefs and teach morality
      • Transmit information about survival and conservation
    • Doctrine: Direct statements about religious beliefs
      • Written, formal
elements of religion5
Elements of Religion
  • Religious Rituals:
    • Formal enactments of religious beliefs
    • Activities have symbolic meanings
elements of religion6
Elements of Religion
  • Religious Rituals:
    • Periodic rituals
elements of religion7
Elements of Religion
  • Religious Rituals:
    • Periodic rituals
    • Life-cycle rituals
      • Separation
      • Transition
      • Reintegration
elements of religion8
Elements of Religion
  • Religious Rituals:
    • Periodic rituals
    • Life-cycle rituals
      • Separation
      • Transition
      • Reintegration
    • Pilgrimage
elements of religion9
Elements of Religion
  • Religious Rituals:
    • Periodic rituals
    • Life-cycle rituals
      • Separation
      • Transition
      • Reintegration
    • Pilgrimage
    • Rituals of inversion
elements of religion10
Elements of Religion
  • Religious Rituals:
    • Periodic rituals
    • Life-cycle rituals
      • Separation
      • Transition
      • Reintegration
    • Pilgrimage
    • Rituals of inversion
    • Sacrifice
elements of religion11
Elements of Religion
  • Subjective Experiences:
    • Arise out of rituals and beliefs
    • Religion provides framework to interpret inner states
elements of religion12
Elements of Religion
  • Community:
    • Shared beliefs, rituals, experiences create a community of believers
an evolutionary model of religion
An Evolutionary Model of Religion
  • Magic  Religion  Science
    • Magic: People’s attempt to compel supernatural forces/beings to act in certain ways
    • Imitative magic:
    • Contagious magic:
  • Arose out of need for explanation; esp. difference between living and dead
    • Animism:
a functionalist theory of religion
A Functionalist Theory of Religion
  • Durkheim: Societies distinguish between
    • Sacred: That which is holy, inspires awe, must be treated with respect
    • Profane: Ordinary, everyday things that may be treated casually
a functionalist theory of religion15
A Functionalist Theory of Religion
  • Totem: Sacred emblem that members of a group treat with reverence
    • To Durkheim, totems were symbols of deity and symbols of society
  • Experiences we categorize as religious are responses to social forces
  • Role of science vs. role of religion
a conflict theory of religion
A Conflict Theory of Religion
  • Marx:
    • Religion serves the interests of the ruling elite
    • Masks the exploitation of the workers and the class inequality of capitalism
    • Alienation
religion as an agent of social change
Religion as an Agent of Social Change
  • Weber:
    • Calvinism:
    • Doctrine of Predestination
    • Worldly Asceticism
types of religious organizations
Types of Religious Organizations
  • Established church
    • Organization that claims unique legitimacy
    • Has positive relationship with society
types of religious organizations19
Types of Religious Organizations
  • Sect
    • Organization that claims unique legitimacy
    • Stands apart from society
types of religious organizations20
Types of Religious Organizations
  • Denomination
    • Organization that accepts legitimacy of other religions
    • Has positive relationship with society
types of religious organizations21
Types of Religious Organizations
  • Cult
    • Organization that accepts legitimacy of other religions
    • Has negative relationship with society
dilemmas of institutionalization
Dilemmas of Institutionalization
  • Mixed motivations
  • Symbol systems
  • Organization
  • Letter vs. spirit of religious law
  • Conversion vs. coercion
ad