Plants of the Bible
Download
1 / 69

more plants are mentioned in the old testament than in the - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 398 Views
  • Uploaded on

Plants of the Bible. Lytton John Musselman Old Dominion University. About 125 different plants are mentioned in the Bible.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'more plants are mentioned in the old testament than in the ' - Sophia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Slide1 l.jpg

Plants of the Bible

Lytton John Musselman

Old Dominion University


Slide2 l.jpg

About 125 different plants are mentioned in the Bible.

This includes crops about whose identity is clear, and such obscure plants as almug wood (II Chronicles 2:8) and “costly wood” (Revelation 18:12). In addition, there are general terms as “weeds” and “trees”.


More plants are mentioned in the old testament than in the new testament l.jpg
More plants are mentioned in the Old Testament than in the New Testament

  • Isaiah mentions more plants than any other book (it is also one of the longest books).

  • Song of Solomon mentions more unique plants, hapex legemon, than any other book.


Slide4 l.jpg

Few plants and plant

products are unique to

the New Testament

Papyrus

Laurel


Slide5 l.jpg

Paper from the Egyptian river plant

Cyperus papyrus is mentioned in

II John 12. It was shipped to the

Phoenician port of Byblos, the presentday

Lebanese city of Jbail. Our English

word paper comes from papyrusand Bible

Bible from Byblos.

Ancient port

of Byblos


Slide6 l.jpg

Laurel (Laurus nobilis), the bay leaf of cooking,

is implied in the victor’s crown in several New

Testament verses, especially Paul’s writings. It

is a common shrub in the Mediterranean region.

“…you will

receive a crown

of glory that will

never fade. . .”

I Peter 5:4


Slide7 l.jpg

Boswellia papyrifera near Kadugli, Sudan


Slide8 l.jpg


Slide9 l.jpg

  • No clear correlation exists between the frequency of references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (kharoobin Arabic), Ceratonia siliqua, a common tree in much of the Middle East yet mentioned only once (the story of the prodigal son, Luke 15).

Because of their uniform

weight, the seeds of carob

were used to measure precious

commodities, like gold. Hence

the word carat in English, from

Ceratonia.


Slide10 l.jpg

Chamaecyparis thyoides references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Cedar of Lebanon

Local people in different lands use Bible (or Qu’ran) names for indigenous plants which never grew in Bible lands. The flora of Eastern North America, for example, has many "cedars," which are no relation to the cedar of Lebanon of the Bible.

Atlantic white

cedar, Dismal

Swamp

Juniperus virginiana

Red cedar


Slide11 l.jpg

In eastern Sudan, the Beja people call references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

the large, arborescent Euphorbia abyssinca,

zaqqm after the “tree of Hell” mentioned

in the Qu’ran (Al-Sfft 37:65, Al-Dukhn

44:49, Al-Waqiah 56:51).


Slide12 l.jpg

  • The references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (vine (Vitis vinifera) and its products is mentioned more than any other plant with 372 references. On the other hand, some plants are mentioned only once such as saffron.


Slide13 l.jpg

Current Research on Bible Plants references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Cedar of Lebanon

Cedrus libani


Slide14 l.jpg

The righteous will flourish like a references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

palm tree, they will grow like

a cedar in Lebanon

Psalm 92:12


Slide15 l.jpg

Certainly the best known Lebanese plant is references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (Cedrus libani, Cedar of Lebanon

Cedars of the Lord, Bsherri

Tannourine cedar preserve


Slide16 l.jpg

Cedar requires fog from the references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Mediterranean to thrive

Less than 3% of the

original cedar forest

is extant in Lebanon

Ehden cedar preserve, March 2002


Slide17 l.jpg

A patriarch of cedars at the references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (Arz el Rab (cedars of God)

Preserve near Bsherri, Lebanon

Wood craft from broken branches

and damaged trees


Slide18 l.jpg

Artist Rudy Rahme has sculpted some dead trees references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

into objects of religious veneration, perhaps a

continuation of the ancient respect for forest giants


Slide19 l.jpg

A cedar log about references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

300 years old when

it was toppled,

probably by a flood,

7774 years ago.

Preserved on the campus

of the American

University of Beirut


Slide20 l.jpg

Current research at the American University references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

of Beirut seeks to inventory cedars, determine

their reproductive potential, and understand their

importance in the local economy


Slide21 l.jpg

Mandrake references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Mandragora officinalis

A relative of tomato, potato,

and tobacco. It contains a

complex chemical mixture.


Slide22 l.jpg

Mandrake references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Flowers in the winter with specialized

floral parts that repel rain.


Slide23 l.jpg

Mandrake references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Fruits are often

considered toxic

Fragrant fruits are produced

in the late spring. “. . .the

mandrakes send out their

fragrance. . .” Song of

Solomon 7: 13.


Slide24 l.jpg

Current Research on Bible Plants references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Frikeh Green Roasted Wheat


What is the material in these verses l.jpg
What is the material in these verses? references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

  • If you bring a grain offering of first fruits to the Lord, you shall bring as the grain offering of your first fruits coarse new grain from fresh ears parched with fire. Leviticus 2:14. New Revised Standard Version

  • If you bring a grain offering of first fruits to the LORD, offer crushed heads of new grain roasted in the fire. Leviticus 2:14. New International Version


Frikeh production in syria l.jpg
Frikeh references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (Production in Syria

Selecting the grain for burning


Frikeh production in syria27 l.jpg
Frikeh references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (Production in Syria

Selecting the grain for burning

Burning the durum wheat


Frikeh production in syria28 l.jpg
Frikeh references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (Production in Syria

The finished product.

Drying on an Aleppo sidewalk


Slide29 l.jpg

We remember the fish we ate in Egypt at no cost references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

--also the cucumbers, melons, leeks and garlic.

Numbers 11:5

What are “leeks” in the Bible?


Slide30 l.jpg

Comparison of references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (Allium porrum

and A. kurrat

C

Allium kurrat, Egypt

Allium porrum, England


Slide31 l.jpg

Kurrat references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Culture of kurrat near

Alexandria, Egypt March 2003


Slide32 l.jpg

Kurrat references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Kurrat is easy to grow from seed.

Flowers appear after six months.


Slide33 l.jpg

What is the smallest references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

seed in the Bible?


Slide34 l.jpg

Brassica alba references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

White mustard

Mustard??

Brassica nigra

Black mustard


Slide35 l.jpg

Brassica alba references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (


Slide36 l.jpg

Mustard seed is references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (not the

smallest seed, only the

smallest of crop seeds.


Slide37 l.jpg

Wheat references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Flax

Chickpea

Barley


Slide38 l.jpg

Wheat references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Flax

Chickpea

Mustard

Barley


Slide39 l.jpg

Jesus said: “It [The Kingdom of references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

God] is like a mustard seed, which

is the smallest seed you plant. . .”

Mark 4: 31.


Slide40 l.jpg

What feature makes it like the references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Kingdom of God?


Slide41 l.jpg

Perhaps its unusually rapid references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

germination.


Slide42 l.jpg

What feature makes it like the references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Kingdom of God?

“Leaven” is

also a symbol of the

Kingdom of God.

Mustard seed 24 hours after sowing


Slide43 l.jpg

Mustard—What references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (is

mustard in the Bible?


Slide44 l.jpg

There is no archeological references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

or ethnobotanical evidence

of culture of mustard.


Slide45 l.jpg

One candidate is references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (Eruca

sativa, known in English

as rocket or arugula.


Slide46 l.jpg

Eruca sativa references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (, widely used

in the Middle East


Slide47 l.jpg

Eruca sativa references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (, widely used

in the Middle East


Slide48 l.jpg

Some Bible Plants easy references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

to grow in the Tidewater

area


Slide49 l.jpg

Myrtle references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (


Slide50 l.jpg

Myrtle references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (


Slide51 l.jpg

Myrtle references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (


Slide52 l.jpg

Flax references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (


Slide53 l.jpg

Flax—source of linen, one references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

of two fabrics in the Bible


Slide54 l.jpg

Flax—source of linseed, or references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

flax seed, one of the oldest

known foods.

Toasted

Raw


Slide55 l.jpg

There are many other Bible references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

plants suitable for Tidewater gardens including:

Saffron Onion

Dill Garlic

Cumin Broadbean

Melon Rue

Cucumber Myrtle

Pomegranate Mustard


Slide56 l.jpg

There are many other Bible references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

plants suitable for Tidewater gardens including:

Saffron


Slide57 l.jpg

There are many other Bible references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

plants suitable for Tidewater gardens including:

Dill


Slide58 l.jpg

There are many other Bible references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

plants suitable for Tidewater gardens including:

Cumin


Slide59 l.jpg

There are many other Bible references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

plants suitable for Tidewater gardens including:

Pomegranate

Pomegranates on a

frieze in Hagia Sophia,

Istanbul


Slide60 l.jpg

There are some Bible plants references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (un-suitable for Tidewater gardens including:

Poison hemlock

Deadly poison!!

Caused the death of

Socrates!


Slide61 l.jpg

Plants of the Bible references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

For more information on Bible

Plants, go to the ODU Bible plants

Web site at http://web.odu.edu/plant


Slide62 l.jpg

Plants of the Bible references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Scroll down to Bible Plants


Slide63 l.jpg

With thanks to…… references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (


Slide64 l.jpg

American University of references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Beirut and Old Dominion

University…


Slide65 l.jpg

John Musselman, eager references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

field companion….


Slide66 l.jpg

My favorite Bible teacher, references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Libby Musselman


Slide67 l.jpg

Solo Deo Gloria references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

Wadi Jhannem, northern Lebanon


Slide69 l.jpg

He [Solomon] spoke references and the frequency of plants in natural vegetation. A good example is the carob (

of plant life from the

cedar……………

…of Lebanon to the hyssop

that grows from the wall.

I Kings 4


ad