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Lesson 12: Monasticism and the Spread of Christianity. THE AGE OF JESUS AND THE APOSTLES (30-70). THE AGE OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY (70-303). THE AGE OF THE CHRISTIAN EMPIRE (312-590 ). THE CHRISTIAN MIDDLE AGES (590-1517). THE AGE OF REFORMATION (1517-1648).

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THE AGE OF JESUS AND THE APOSTLES (30-70)

THE AGE OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY (70-303)

THE AGE OF THE CHRISTIAN EMPIRE (312-590)

THE CHRISTIAN MIDDLE AGES (590-1517)

THE AGE OF REFORMATION (1517-1648)

THE AGE OF REASON AND REVIVAL (1648-1781)

THE AGE OF PROGRESS (1789-1914)

THE AGE OF IDEOLOGIES (1914-PRESENT)

monasticisim
MONASTICISIM

THE AGE OF THE CHRISTIAN EMPIRE (312-590)

slide4

MONASTICISM IN RELIGIOUS HISTORY

Oriental

Hellenistic

PHILOSOPHICAL BACKGROUND OF MONASTICISIM

Pagan Gnostic dualism

Catholic Christian

MONASTICISM IN THE BIBLE

Alleged Biblical examples

All are either a misuse of Old Testament examples or

a misinterpretation of singular New Testament actions

slide5

MONASTIC CONFLICTS WITH THE GOSPEL

  • It is not missionary in vision
  • Divided Christianity into two groups:

Those aspiring to perfection

Those who were content with apparent ‘compromise’

SACERDOTALISM

“The elevation of a priesthood above the laity”

REASONS FOR THE MONASTIC MOVEMENT

Secular The Roman Empire was falling apart!

Spiritual

It became a substitute for martyrdom

“It places the great problem of Christianity not in the

transformation, but in the abandonment of the world”

Schaff, Vol. 3, p 159

slide6

GEOGRAPHICAL AREA FOR MONASTICISIM

East

West

THREE PEROIDS OF MONASTIC DEVELOPMENT

1. ASCETIC PERIOD

anchorite ‘withdrawn’

2. THE HERMIT OR EREMITICAL PERIOD

eremia desert

Religious recluse

Paul of Thebes

Anthony

slide7

Helen Waddell

The Desert Fathers

slide8

Questions:

    • How can these men be held in high regard by the Roman Catholic
    • Church when they forsook all of the means of grace offered by the Church?
  • Though the piety of some hermits is to be admired, their lack of Biblical
  • basis and practice is to be deplored

3. THE CENOBITIC PEROID OF MONASTICISM

Koinos bios “common life”

“An association of a number of anchorets (eremitics) of the same sex

for mutual advancement in ascetic holiness” Schaff, Vol. 3, p. 157

Pacomius and the Pacomian Monasteries

Basil of Caesarea

slide9

Martin of Tours

Keepers of the cloak

capella

cappallani

chapel

slide10

Jerome

Latin Vulgate

conclusions
Men of prayer

Opus Dei

Work of learning and good works

Missions, especially in the East

Two levels of spirituality

Salvation by works

Conclusions:

Separation: good & bad

the spread of christianity
The Spread of Christianity

Persia

Jacob of Nisibis

Aphrahat the Persian

The Demonstrations

Ephraim the Syrian

slide14

Africa

Axum or Ethiopia

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