Freedom and determinism
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Freedom and Determinism Introduction Freedom The Free Will Principle : Many people are often free with respect to many actions. For an person S and action A, S is free to do A (in the sense required for moral responsibility) if and only if .

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Freedom and Determinism

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Freedom

  • The Free Will Principle: Many people are often free with respect to many actions.

  • For an person S and action A, S is free to do A (in the sense required for moral responsibility) if and only if.

  • S is free to do A iff S is able to do A and able to refrain from doing A.

  • S is free to do A iff S has control over A.


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Determinism

  • Determinism (rough): Everything that happens is determined by the past, together with the laws of nature.

  • Example: Billiard balls.

  • Determinism (official): For any propositions, P1 and P2, and times, T1 and T2 (where T1 is earlier than T2), if P1 expresses the state of the world at T1 and P2 expresses the state of the world at T2, then the conjunction of P1 and the laws of nature entails P2.




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Summary

  • The Free Will Principle: Many people are often free with respect to many actions.

  • Determinism (official): For any propositions, P1 and P2, and times, T1 and T2 (where T1 is earlier than T2), if P1 expresses the state of the world at T1 and P2 expresses the state of the world at T2, then the conjunction of P1 and the laws of nature entails P2.

  • Incompatibilism: The Free Will Principle is incompatible with Determinism.

  • Compatibilism: The Free Will Principle is compatible with Determinism.


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