Chapter Four Civil Liberties. Civil Liberties One of the first things our new government did under the new Constitution was to pass a Bill of Rights Due to the fear of a strong national govt.
Except when “practices” go against public policy
Vaccinations, school textbooks, illegal drugs
1990 Oregon v. Smith case
Congress responded with the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 (RFRA) to “accommodate religious conduct” unless there was a “compelling” reason not to. And if the govt. did regulate it, it hasd to use the least restrictive means possible.
Overturned (checked) by Supreme Court in 1997Free Exercise Clause
“Living Wills” or durable health-care powers of attorney
But not physician-assisted suicide
The liberty interest protected by the Constitution does not include a right to commit suicide, with or without assistance
Exception is Oregon, the only stateThe Right to Die