early radio
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
EARLY RADIO

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

EARLY RADIO - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 276 Views
  • Uploaded on

EARLY RADIO. O utgrowth of \'wireless\' Marconi and Fessenden Station XWA in Montreal (later CFCF) became first radio station in Canada (1918) CKAC in Montreal, first french-language station (1922) Proto-broadcasting. Radio Days.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'EARLY RADIO' - Sophia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
early radio
EARLY RADIO
  • Outgrowth of \'wireless\'
  • Marconi and FessendenStation XWA in Montreal (later CFCF) became first radio station in Canada (1918)
  • CKAC in Montreal, first french-language station (1922)
  • Proto-broadcasting
radio days
Radio Days
  • Titanic in 1912 showcased importance of radio as a transmissions device
  • 1920\'s spread quickly
  • But, early radio content borrowed from earlier media (phonograph)
  • Could radio signals=life on other planets???
radio news
Radio News
  • During the Depression radio news was trusted while newspaper news wasn\'t.
  • --on the spot news
  • --bulletins
  • --commentary
  • Which politicians were radio men?
golden age of radio
Golden Age of Radio
  • 1935-40\'s
  • music: pre-recorded; symphony orchestras, Big Bands (live & recorded)
  • drama: soap operas, serials, ‘prestige’ dramas
  • political: use in campaigns
canadian radio
Canadian Radio
  • Federal Involvement: 1905-32
  • commercial device
  • 1913 Radiotelegraph Act
  • July 1928 Diamond Jubilee (50th anniversary) highlighted
canadianizing airwaves
Canadianizing Airwaves
  • 80% of Canadians spent time listening to American radio
  • 1929 Royal Commission on Radio Broadcasting (Aird Commission)
  • urban concentration of Canadian radios
  • commercialization
  • mediocrity
aird report
Aird Report
  • Federal government should take over private radio
  • Public broadcasting system would be nationalistic-Canadian programs for and by Canadians
  • Led by Canadian Radio League and Graham Spry: "the state or the United States"
1932 canadian radio broadcasting act
1932 Canadian Radio Broadcasting Act
  • Created the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission (CRBC)
  • PUBLIC ownership of radio
1936 broadcasting act
1936 Broadcasting Act-
  • CRBC replaced by CBC
  • Mandate to establish national broadcasting service
  • Licences issued to private broadcasters
  • Mixed public and private ownership
1957 royal commission on broadcasting
1957 Royal Commission on Broadcasting
  • Also known as Fowler Commission
  • Recommended integration of private with public
broadcasting act of 1958
Broadcasting Act of 1958
  • Put private & public sector on equal footing
  • Tension between regulatory role of CBC and main player in radio
  • Board of Broadcast Governors (BBG) initiated - role to regulate CBC and private broadcasters
  • Later BBG=CRTC (1968)
slide12
CRTC…
  • Independent public agency
  • Reports to Parliament through Canadian Heritage
  • Governed by Broadcasting Act of 1991 and Telecommunications Act of 1993
  • Awards and renews broadcast license
  • Sets standards and quotos for broadcasting industry
slide13
CRTC…

Tries to act on behalf of the public interest

Tries to ensure that broadcasting meets needsof all Canadians - multicultural, bilingual etc.

  • Controversial
cancon private broadcasters
CANCON – private broadcasters
  • At least 35% of pop music selections played by commercial AM and FM stations each broadcast week must be Canadian
  • Minimum of 35% of airplay must be between 6am-6pm M-F and be Canadian
cbc cancon
CBC Cancon
  • Minimum of 50% of general music and 20% of traditional and special interest selections during broadcast day (6am-midnight) must be Canadian
  • More rigorous for french-language radio
mapl must meet at least 2
MAPL-must meet at least 2:
  • M - music composed entirely by a Canadian
  • A - artists or lyrics must be performed principally by a Canadian
  • P - production - live performance that is a) recorded entirely in Canada, or b) performed entirely in Canada and broadcast live in Canada
  • L - lyrics written entirely by a Canadian
what s a canadian musical artist
What’s a Canadian Musical Artist?
  • CAN CANADIAN MUSICIANS "MAKE IT" in CANADA, OR DO THEY NEED THE GLOBAL MARKET?
  • WHO ARE THE GATEKEEPERS OF THE MUSIC INDUSTRY?
  • DO AWARD SHOWS LIKE THE GRAMMY & JUNO PROMOTE EXCELLENCE?
  • DO THEY PROMOTE WHAT IS BEST & DISTINCT IN ONE YEAR?
has canadian radio been successful in nurturing canadian culture
Has Canadian radio been successful in nurturing Canadian culture?
  • CanCon rules
  • CBC support waning
  • Howard Stern ‘Problem’
community radio
Community Radio
  • rural...cooperative...
  • participatory...free...
  • alternative...popular... educational
  • rural to urban
  • musical to militant
  • signals from 1 km. >country>shortwave
trends in radio
Trends in Radio
  • Digital Audio broadcasting
  • Pirate radio
ad