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Definitions and Demographics. EDCI 336 August 21, 2007. Today’s objectives. Learn basic definitions Discuss basic demographic data regarding young children. Definitions. “At-Risk”: children or families who are more likely than others to experience failure due to factors such as:.

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Definitions and demographics

Definitions and Demographics

EDCI 336

August 21, 2007


Today s objectives
Today’s objectives

  • Learn basic definitions

  • Discuss basic demographic data regarding young children


Definitions
Definitions

  • “At-Risk”: children or families who are more likely than others to experience failure due to factors such as:


  • Poverty

  • Abuse

  • Illness

  • Social disturbance


Definitions1
Definitions

  • School Readiness:

    • “Ability to cope physically, socially, emotionally, and academically with a school environment”(Dunlap, 1997).


Definitions2
Definitions

  • Disabilities:

    • ADA :Condition that limits some life activity

    • Physical, cognitive, psychological or social difficulty so severe it negatively affects student learning


Definitions3
Definitions

  • Developmental Delays:

    • “Physical or psychological changes occurring at a slower than typical rate”(Dunlap,1997).


Definitions4
Definitions

  • IFSP: Individualized Family Service Plan

  • IEP: Individualized Education Program


Definitions5
Definitions

  • Socioeconomic Status (SES)

    • Relating to social and economic status


Definitions6
Definitions

  • Poverty: “lack of money or material possessions”(Merriam-Webster, 1997).


Definitions7
Definitions

  • Diversity: variety


Definitions8
Definitions

  • Ecological Systems Theory: “views the child as developing within a complex system of relationships affected by multiple levels of the surrounding environment” (Berk, 1999)


Definitions9
Definitions

  • EST is based on Bronfenbrenner’s work


Definitions10
Definitions

  • Assistive Technology:

    • “ devices that help with functioning in daily activities, including hearing aids, walkers, augmentative communication devices”(Dunlap, 1997)


Definitions11
Definitions

  • Early Intervention:

    • “Services provided in natural environments to infants and toddlers at risk of developmental delays”(Barbour, 2001).


Demographic trends
Demographic Trends

  • Early childhood programs

    • 1950’s

      • Kindergartens

      • Half-day nursery school

      • Served middle class children


Demographic trends1
Demographic Trends

  • Early childhood programs

    • Present day: Same as before plus

      • Head Start

      • Early Intervention Programs

      • Home-based programs

      • Child care centers

      • Before and after school programs


Demographic trends2
Demographic Trends

  • Why the significant change?

    • Two main changes for children in our society

      • Family economic resources

      • Racial and ethnic diversity


Find the answers to the following questions
Find the answers to the following questions.

  • About __ million or __%of young children under the age of 5 live in poverty

  • 2000: Nearly __%of children ages birth to 5 lived in dual-earner families.

  • Increase/decrease in wealthy families

  • Increase/decrease in middle-class families


Demographic trends3
Demographic Trends

  • Diversity

    • 2000 __% of preschool-aged children were minorities

    • By 2040 this figure will increase to 55%


Demographic trends4
Demographic Trends

  • Children’s participation in early childhood programs varies by family income and ethnicity

  • Participation rates

    • Family income of $10,000 or less: 50%

    • Family income of $75,000 or more: 77%


3 major challenges
3 Major Challenges

  • To meet the increasing needs of dual-earner families and single-parent working families for full-day programs.




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