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Definitions and Demographics. EDCI 336 August 21, 2007. Today’s objectives. Learn basic definitions Discuss basic demographic data regarding young children. Definitions. “At-Risk”: children or families who are more likely than others to experience failure due to factors such as:.

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definitions and demographics

Definitions and Demographics

EDCI 336

August 21, 2007

today s objectives
Today’s objectives
  • Learn basic definitions
  • Discuss basic demographic data regarding young children
definitions
Definitions
  • “At-Risk”: children or families who are more likely than others to experience failure due to factors such as:
slide4
Poverty
  • Abuse
  • Illness
  • Social disturbance
definitions1
Definitions
  • School Readiness:
    • “Ability to cope physically, socially, emotionally, and academically with a school environment”(Dunlap, 1997).
definitions2
Definitions
  • Disabilities:
    • ADA :Condition that limits some life activity
    • Physical, cognitive, psychological or social difficulty so severe it negatively affects student learning
definitions3
Definitions
  • Developmental Delays:
    • “Physical or psychological changes occurring at a slower than typical rate”(Dunlap,1997).
definitions4
Definitions
  • IFSP: Individualized Family Service Plan
  • IEP: Individualized Education Program
definitions5
Definitions
  • Socioeconomic Status (SES)
    • Relating to social and economic status
definitions6
Definitions
  • Poverty: “lack of money or material possessions”(Merriam-Webster, 1997).
definitions7
Definitions
  • Diversity: variety
definitions8
Definitions
  • Ecological Systems Theory: “views the child as developing within a complex system of relationships affected by multiple levels of the surrounding environment” (Berk, 1999)
definitions9
Definitions
  • EST is based on Bronfenbrenner’s work
definitions10
Definitions
  • Assistive Technology:
    • “ devices that help with functioning in daily activities, including hearing aids, walkers, augmentative communication devices”(Dunlap, 1997)
definitions11
Definitions
  • Early Intervention:
    • “Services provided in natural environments to infants and toddlers at risk of developmental delays”(Barbour, 2001).
demographic trends
Demographic Trends
  • Early childhood programs
    • 1950’s
      • Kindergartens
      • Half-day nursery school
      • Served middle class children
demographic trends1
Demographic Trends
  • Early childhood programs
    • Present day: Same as before plus
      • Head Start
      • Early Intervention Programs
      • Home-based programs
      • Child care centers
      • Before and after school programs
demographic trends2
Demographic Trends
  • Why the significant change?
    • Two main changes for children in our society
      • Family economic resources
      • Racial and ethnic diversity
find the answers to the following questions
Find the answers to the following questions.
  • About __ million or __%of young children under the age of 5 live in poverty
  • 2000: Nearly __%of children ages birth to 5 lived in dual-earner families.
  • Increase/decrease in wealthy families
  • Increase/decrease in middle-class families
demographic trends3
Demographic Trends
  • Diversity
    • 2000 __% of preschool-aged children were minorities
    • By 2040 this figure will increase to 55%
demographic trends4
Demographic Trends
  • Children’s participation in early childhood programs varies by family income and ethnicity
  • Participation rates
    • Family income of $10,000 or less: 50%
    • Family income of $75,000 or more: 77%
3 major challenges
3 Major Challenges
  • To meet the increasing needs of dual-earner families and single-parent working families for full-day programs.
slide24
To develop relationships within family, community, and peer cultures that support education and care of children from diverse backgrounds.
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